Legacies of Colonialism in the World Today
The Spanish, Portuguese, French, British and Japanese used their military power and the developed technology to expand their empires and looking for more territories. The era of colonialism had finally over. However, life of many people in the colonized countries had significantly changed and affected by the colonizers in both good and bad ways. The overall effect of colonization was localized expansion habits and awareness of colony rise in the empires of various territories. . Three areas in which the legacies of colonizer affect 2. 1 Discussion about Social & economic changes Metropolitan areas exhibit an amazing diversity of features, economic structures, amounts of infrastructure, historic roots, patterns of development, and degrees of conventional planning. Yet, lots of the problems that they deal with are strikingly acquainted. For example, as metropolitan areas grow, they grow to be increasingly diverse.
Numerous colonial residents in the city experience to a greater or even lesser extent coming from severe environmental well being challenges of lack of clean water, inadequate sewerage facilities, & insufficient solid waste materials disposal etc. 2. 2 Discussion about Civilization development Though people in those colonized countries had settled for thousands of year, had rich and varied history, some of them, especially in part of Africa, were not so literate. More specific, there were not written laws or medical facilities until the colonizers brought them to the regions.
Colonizers also contributed greatly to farming and trading technique. The government systems and education systems which are using in some colonized countries have their origin from colonizers as well. However, the civilization development process not only brought benefits to the colonized countries but also erased much of the indigenous culture. 2. 3 Discussion about Urban Enlargement Urban capabilities are being spread above larger and larger geographic locations in major cities of the world so the traditional variation between urban & rural areas has become increasingly redundant for a lot of purposes.
When the cities and territories become wider and expanded, there was a close collaboration with the development of science & technology around the world, the USA’s National Academy of Sciences happens to be developing a large effort to promote scientific swap and to help build and support the capacity of local governments in smaller cities in the developing world to address their own serious metropolitan challenges. 3. Some specific examples showing the reflexion of colonizer’s legacies in today’s world 4. 1 Examples for Social & economic changes
Fundamental changes in the socio-economic form of human activities like colonialization requires new forms of work, economic activity and way of life must been observed. Therefore, industrialization in the developing world will be directly correlated along with colonialization. The industrialization of the city has resulted in the largest rural to colonial migration in history. Metropolitan areas exhibit an amazing diversity of features, economic structures, amounts of infrastructure, historic roots, patterns of development, and degrees of conventional planning.
Yet, lots of the problems that they deal with are strikingly acquainted. For example, as metropolitan areas grow, they grow to be increasingly diverse. Major territories have its fairly more affluent and relatively poorer communities. In developed city, poorer neighborhoods might have dramatically lower levels of basic services. Consequently, numerous colonial residents in the city experience to a greater or even lesser extent coming from severe environmental well being challenges of lack of clean water, inadequate sewerage facilities, & insufficient solid waste materials disposal.
The condition of water and cleanliness in the world’s cities found that water syndication systems are inadequate, typically offering the city’s upper- and middle-class neighborhoods but not to the swiftly expanded settlements on the colonial fringe. In addition, the current info on the provision of water and sanitation in colonial areas is very vulnerable and the true scenario is actually far even worse than most international standard suggest. In progressing colonial world, up to 50 % the world’s total population and over three quarters of the population in high-income countries now are living in colonial areas.
While colonization ranges and trends strongly mirror global designs of industrialization and financial development, this is nonetheless a remarkable transformation in comparison to the situation at the beginning of the 20th Century, when simply 13 per cent from the population lived in colonial areas and there had been just sixteen metropolitan areas in the world that covered at least a million people. Today, there are nearly 400 cities all over the world that contain more than a zillion residents and about 70 percent of these are in less developed countries.
Rural-colonial migration and the transformation of rural pay outs into towns and cities happen to be important determinants of quick colonial growth yet there has been a general unity in lifestyles among colonial and countryside areas as developments in transportation and telecommunication have triggered distance and time to collapse. Colonial capabilities are being spread above larger and larger geographic locations in the world so that the traditional variation between colonial & rural areas has become increasingly redundant for a lot of purposes.
Another major problem in growing colonial world is medical problems; least are open to scientific and engineering expertise. Employed in close collaboration along with the development of science & technology around the world, the USA’s National Academy of Sciences happens to be developing a large effort to promote scientific swap and to help build and support the capacity of local governments in smaller cities in the developing world to address their own serious metropolitan challenges.
If there is a single lesson from latest comparative analysis it really is that well-managed small towns are more able to handle many of the problems of rapid population growth. All North American cities are speediest growing and most populated metropolitan areas in the world exhibiting rapid financial development, colonialization, and populace growth in the past 3 decades. Consequently this colonialization has led to a number of environmental problems such as reduced farmland and natural diversity, high charges of soil deterioration and water top quality degradation, and smog.
This change will continue to impact the structure and performance of the ecosystem of the city. The improved population will add much more anthropogenic pressure on nearby lands, which, otherwise managed effectively, can easily lead to more environmental degradation. Subsequently, such degradation can impact and potentially decrease if not threaten the pace of monetary development in this area.
Despite the importance of comprehending the impact of earlier colonialization on sustainable rise in this region, there have been few comprehensive studies of land-use/cover, vegetation/other natural habitats, & socio-economic change across some time and space in this heartland area of America. The evolution of transport has generally triggered changes in colonial form of the city. The more radical the alterations in transport technologies have been the more modifications on the colonial form.
Among the most fundamental alterations in the colonial kind is the emergence of latest clusters expressing new colonial activities and new relationships among elements of the metropolitan system. In many cities, the central enterprise district (CBD), after the primary destination of commuters maintained by public transportation continues to be changed by new manufacturing, retailing and management practices. While traditional manufacturing been dependent on centralized workplaces and transportation, technological and transportation developments delivered modern industry a ot more flexible. Initially, colonial form growth mainly happened to major street corridors, leaving the plots of empty or farm property in between. Later, more advanced spaces were progressively filled up, more or less coherently. Roads and ring streets, which circled and branched out from cities, preferred the development of suburbs & the emergence of essential sub-centers that compete with the central business area for the attraction of economic activities.
Consequently, many new job possibilities have shifted to suburbia (if not to completely new locations overseas) and the activity program of the city may be considerably modified. Various areas of the city have various dynamisms depending on the spatial pattern. These adjustments have occurred based on a variety of geographical and historical contexts, as each following phase of metropolitan transportation developments triggered different spatial structures.
Occasionally, when new modern day colonial road infrastructures are made, the subsequent changes in the colonial form may be significant. In addition, many different density gradients are seen in different cities around the globe. The differences tend to be prevalent in all North American cities. Government & organizational policies & Strategies to handle it Countrywide planning to control colonialization to make that to manageable levels.
Countrywide planning ensure better treatments for colonialization in the city, Governments have had used macroeconomic policies that are designed to mitigate magnitude of colonialization to manageable amounts, or to keep individuals in rural areas. As a principal tool, a Nationwide Physical (Spatial) Development Program could be established to deal with the mid- and long-term countrywide direction on submission of population; using land; development of new land, water and; provision of national infrastructure, housing and transport that favor decentralized financial development.
Local and Colonial Property Use Planning to Manual Colonialization following the provisions set by the national development plan, land-use planning & management activities with regional (sub-national, provincial) and city levels have been expected to play a crucial role in avoiding and mitigating the adverse impacts of quick, unplanned colonialization of the city. Regional planning tools for the purpose include the planned development of more advanced colonial centers, promotion of polycentric regional network of colonial organizations, and economic development of the city in ignificantly less concentrated areas. 4. 2 Examples for Civilization development In the pre-colonized period, the government system in Senegal was monarchy which was ruled by the Wolof Empire. When the French came to Senegal, they changed the government system from monarchy to republic or also known as semi-presidential system. This Senegal republic government system remains until the present day. The French not only brought the government system but also everything goes with it such as constitutions and laws, principles and policies, etc.
With a more suitable climate than the home country, French colonizer use their colonies to farm cotton and peanuts. Just like the Portuguese, the French also introduced their farming technique to African people. By promising the high wage, natives’ migrating to plantation areas was highly recommended and encouraged by the French colonizer. By the year 1960, all French West African countries declared independent. The today education system consists of elementary school, middle school and high school. French is Senegal official language, obviously, along with other six national languages.
Though French is mainly use in high school, English is also undertaken because of its popularity. 4. 3 Examples for Urban Enlargement A trend in agriculture improved the capacities of food-producing to support greater proportions of non agriculturalists yet dislodging large numbers of subsistence producers for distribution with other sectors of financial systems. A third and more breathtaking revolution occurred in the economic side was steam-powered equipments that were perfected and applied to one producing process after another.