Literature Review About Fast Food
Moreover, proximity to future fast food restaurants is uncorrelated with current obesityand weight gain, conditional on current proximity to fast food. The implied effects of fast-food oncaloric intake are at least one order of magnitude smaller for mothers, which suggests that they areless constrained by travel costs than school children. The study shows that policies restricting accessto fast food near schools could have significant effects on obesity among school children, but similar policies restricting the availability of fast food in residential areas are unlikely to have large effectson adults.
Conclusions:This study investigates the health consequences of proximity to fast food for two vulnerable groups:young teens and pregnant women. The focus on very close distances and the presence of a large arrayof controls alleviates issues of endogenous fast-food placement. The results point to a significanteffect of proximity to fast food restaurant on the risk of obesity. Specifically, They show that the presence of a fast food restaurant within a tenth of a mile of a school is associated with at least a 5. percent increase in the obesity rate in that school (relative to the presence at . 25 miles). Consistentwith highly non-linear transportation costs, they do not find evidence of an effect at . 25 miles and at. 5 miles. The effect for pregnant women is quantitatively smaller and more linear in distance. Theyfind that a fast food restaurant within a tenth of a mile of a residence results in a 4. 4 percent increasein the probability of gaining over 20 kilos. This effect is reduced to a 2. 5 percent increase when afast-food is within a . 5 miles from the residence of the mother.
Literature Review About Fast Food Essay Example
Causes and Consequences of Fast Food Sales Growth, Mark D. Jekanowski,January-April 1999. With today¶s hectic lifestyles, timesaving products are increasingly in demand. Perhaps one of the most obvious examples is fast food. Today the demand for the, hectic lifestyles, timesaving products are increasingly. Obliviously one of the example is Fast Food Industry. The rate of growth in consumer expenditures on fast food has led most other segments of the food-away-from home market for much of the last two decades. Since 1982, there is growth rate inconsumer spending at fast food.
The consumers spent at fast food outlets grew at an annually he proportion of away-from-home food expenditures on fast food also increased. Everyone eats Fast Food even knowing that it is not healthy for them. Reasons are because of speed, convenience and price. However, fast food has many hidden costs,including the high price of bad health. Not to mention the fact that for such cheap food, you’re actually being overcharged by a big amount. So the real reason is not price, butconvenience. You can get much cheaper food by cooking for yourself, but you are notalways at home to do the cooking, or you do not always feel like cooking.
Consumer perception about fast food in India: an exploratory study byAnita Goyal,(Management Development Institute, Sukhrali, India), N. P. Singh, (Management DevelopmentInstitute, Sukhrali, India). Abstract: Purpose± This paper seeks to estimate importance of various factorsaffecting the choice of fast food outlets by Indian young consumers. Design/methodology/approach± The study applies multivariate statisticaltools to estimate importance of various factors affecting the choice of fastfood outlets by Indian young consumers.
In addition, the authors analysedthe consumption patterns, impact of hygiene and nutritional values, andrating of various attributes of McDonald’s and Nirula’s. Findings± Results indicate that the young Indian consumer has passionfor visiting fast food outlets for fun and change but home food is their first choice. They feel homemade food is much better than food served atfast food outlets. They have the highest value for taste and quality(nutritional values) followed by ambience and hygiene.
Three dimensions(service and delivery dimension, product dimension, and qualitydimension) of fast food outlets’ attributes are identified based on factor analysis results. The two fast food outlets’ rating differs significantly onthe seven attributes. McDonald’s scores are higher on all attributes except? variety?. Further, consumers feel that fast food outlets must provideadditional information on nutritional values and hygiene conditions insidekitchen. Practical implications± Fast food providers need to focus on quality andvariety of food besides other service parameters.
There is need tocommunicate the information about hygiene and nutrition value of fastfood which will help in building trust in the food provided by fast food players. Originality/value± Estimates importance of various factors affecting thechoice of fast food outlets by Indian young consumers. As. J. Food Ag-Ind. 2009, 2(03), 412-433, Asian Journal of Food andAgro-Industry, ISSN 1906-3040,Food safety research in IndiabyR. V. Sudershan , Pratima Rao and Kalpagam Polasa:Abstract:With growing international trade, food safety has emerged as animportant global issue.
The present research was an attempt to study thefood safety research in India in the past ten years during 1995-2005. Many studies were focused on detection of pathogenic microorganisms,adulterants and contaminants in food. However, there is a striking paucityof reliable data on important issues like evaluation of risks throughadulterants, additives and contaminants. Consequently, the protection of diets from these hazards must be considered one of the essential publichealth functions of any country, which emphasizes the need for total dietstudies.
MethodologyThe status of food safety research in India was reviewed by assessing data published in journals,websites and published data from universities in the form of doctoraltheses and dissertations atthe post-graduate level. For this, literature for the years 1995-2005 wasreviewed. The studies that wereincluded for this review were those with a representative sample size andcarried out by scholarsstudying in well-reputed universities, doctoral theses, original researcharticles in peer reviewed journals, annual reports of research organizations and institutions.
Qualitative reviews werereviewed in similar topics and the results were tabulated and compared toget a better understanding of the research carried out in these issues. The findings of the selected studies have been discussed under thefollowingtopics:Health Risk: probability of an adverse event of diarrhea. Hazard Identification: pathogens, adulterants, contaminants and their health effects. Industrial food safety: existing laws, standards, sanitation and hygiene practices, specific hazards. Hazard ExposureAssessment: how much people eat, what food theyconsume and where they consume. Consumer Behaviour: hand washing, hygiene. I