Logic Study Guide

9 September 2016

This quiz consist of 20 multiple choice questions and covers the material in the second half of Chapter 9. Be sure you are in Chapter 9 when you take the quiz. Timed Test This Test has the time limit of 2 hour. You are notified when time expires, and you may continue or submit. Warnings appear when half the time, 5 minutes, 1 minute, and 30 seconds remain. Multiple Attempts Not allowed. This Test can only be taken once. Force Completion Once started, this Test must be completed in one sitting. Remaining Time: 1 hour, 40 minutes, 55 seconds. Question 1 The Book of Mormon is true because it was written by Joseph Smith.

Joseph Smith wrote the truth because he was divinely inspired. We know that Joseph Smith was divinely inspired because the Book of Mormon says that he was, and the Book of Mormon is true. Answer False analogy Post hoc ergo propter hoc Circular reasoning Ignorance 5 points Question 2 Only short poems can be good, not long ones. Of course, many so-called poems, such as Paradise Lost, take up a large number of pages. But if they are any good, they must really be collections of short poems, because a long poem as such cannot be of any great value. Answer Circular reasoning Either/Or fallacy Post hoc ergo propter hoc

Logic Study Guide Essay Example

Bandwagon 5 points Question 3 Pope John Paul II has stated that artificial insemination of women is immoral. We can only conclude that this practice is indeed immoral. Answer Circular reasoning Post hoc ergo propter hoc Authority Slippery slope 5 points Question 4 California condors are rapidly disappearing. This bird is a California condor. Therefore, this bird should disappear any minute now. Answer Division Hasty generalization False Analogy Composition 5 points Question 5 Raising a child is like growing a tree. Sometimes violent things, such as cutting off branches, have to be done to force the tree to grow straight.

Similarly, corporal punishment must sometimes be inflicted on children to force them to develop properly. Answer False analogy Post hoc ergo propter hoc Circular reasoning Ignorance 5 points Question 6 The best students make the best grades. Therefore, requiring instructors to give high grades will undoubtedly produce better students. Answer Hasty generalization Post hoc ergo propter hoc Extravagant hypothesis Ignorance 5 points Question 7 All persons act in order that they might get pleasure. Even so-called altruistic persons who help others so much that they do almost nothing for themselves get pleasure out of giving.

Otherwise, they wouldn’t do it. Suppose a person hits himself over the head with a hammer. He must get pleasure from it, because why else would he do it if he didn’t get pleasure from it? Answer Circular reasoning Composition Either/Or Fallacy Post hoc ergo propter hoc 5 points Question 8 If someone rents a piece of land and plants crops on it, the landlord is never permitted to come and take those crops for himself when harvest time arrives. Similarly, if couples enlist the services of a surrogate mother to provide them with a baby, the mother should never be allowed to welch on the deal and keep the baby for herself once it is born.

Answer Division False analogy Equivocation No fallacy 5 points Question 9 Karen has just moved in with her boyfriend. She claims that living together before marriage is ethical since everyone is doing it now. Answer Bandwagon Either/Or fallacy Division No fallacy 5 points Question 10 During the Gulf war many Americans made immense profits. That is an indisputable fact. Therefore, there can be no doubt that American business interests instigated the war. Answer Circular reasoning Composition Either/Or Fallacy Post hoc ergo propter hoc 5 points Question 11 No one has ever proved that taking vitamins actually improves a person’s health.

Therefore, we can conclude that vitamins are simply a waste of money. Answer Hasty generalization Post hoc ergo propter hoc Extravagant hypothesis Ignorance 5 points Question 12 A woman’s place is in the home. That’s the way it’s always been, so that’s the way it ought to be. Answer Tradition Composition Post hoc ergo propter hoc Bandwagon 5 points Question 13 People are driving their cars like maniacs tonight. There must be a full moon. Answer Tradition Composition Post hoc ergo propter hoc Bandwagon 5 points Question 14 The twenty-story Carson Building is constructed of concrete blocks.

Each and every concrete block in the structure can withstand an earthquake of 9. 5 on the Richter scale. Therefore, the building can withstand an earthquake of 9. 5 on the Richter scale. Answer Division Fallacy of Composition False Analogy Composition 5 points Question 15 Every member of the Delta Club is over 70 years old. Therefore, the Delta Club must be over 70 years old. Answer Ignorance Composition Authority Circular reasoning 5 points Question 16 Criminals are basically stupid, because anyone who isn’t basically stupid wouldn’t be a criminal. Answer Authority Circular reasoning Genetic Slippery slope 5 points

Question 17 Opinion poll question: Do you favor more money for welfare programs, or do you feel we should let people starve on the streets? Answer Circular reasoning Either/Or fallacy Post hoc ergo propter hoc Bandwagon 5 points Question 18 If you find yourself paralyzed in bed for a few moments and see little creatures by your bed, you might conclude that you had experienced some kind of UFO alien abduction. Answer Hasty generalization Post hoc ergo propter hoc Extravagant hypothesis Ignorance 5 points Question 19 The secretaries have asked us to provide a lounge area where they can spend their coffee breaks.

This request will have to be refused. If we give them lounge areas, next they will be asking for spas and swimming pools. Then it will be racquetball courts, tennis courts, and fitness centers. Expenditures for these facilities for the secretaries will drive the company into bankruptcy. Answer Circular reasoning Post hoc ergo propter hoc Authority Slippery slope 5 points Question 20 Rhubarb pie is a dessert. Therefore, whoever eats rhubarb pie eats a dessert. Answer Bandwagon Either/Or fallacy Division No fallacy 5 points Save and Submit Click Save and Submit to save and submit. Click Save All Answers to save all answers.

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