Lord of the Flies
PigIn Lord of the Flies, Golding presents death as change in every area and character associated in the novel. At first glimpse we read the stories of innocent young boys who have all unfortunately landed on this island that is so much as unconnected from the world and lives that the characters have come from. The change is imminent as chapters progress, especially as Golding introduces the at first, suspected “beast” The first chance Jacks savages have to objectify their evil into “the beast” is taken without thought.
They crowd him and beat him to death without even realising what they were doing and who they were doing it to. The change of these boys therefore speaks for itself as no one even had the morale or dignity to check if this actually was the “beast” which in the end turned out not to be the “beast” but Simon. Simon wanted the right to be different however Jack and his army don’t do ‘different’ as we read with the constant slating and making fun of Piggy due to his disabilities and differences between them and him.
Simons death is the climax of the boys change for the worst, savagery. Golding accompanies this savagery and happenings with a storm. The storm appears before this climax of savagery “there is a flash of lightening and a roll of thunder” Golding is showing us that something bad is about to happen, after this phrase Jack starts up the Frenzied tribal dance, however this dance involved all the boys including the more sensible portrayed boys in the novel i. e. Piggy, Ralph, Eric and Sam. Golding is showing us there is inner evil inside everyone waiting to be unleashed.
However these four boys were ashamed of the happenings and couldn’t not come to terms with what they had done but Jack and his hunters were pushed even further into the world of a savage after the death and could not care less “jack refuses to even think about simon. ” When Golding presented Piggy’s death it was not as much as a shock as Simons. Due to the relation between Piggy and Jack from the beginning of the novel. Piggy’s death attracts pity from the reader as it is so undeserved and harsh and pointless as really he is no threat to Jack and the tribe, especially when he has no glasses.
Jack always had it in for Piggy with his slating and sly remarks. Due to Jack becoming the leader of the tribe the others will take up his views and acts also. This shows with the first steps towards Piggy’s death as Jack, Maurice and Roger steal Piggy’s glasses and treat them as some sort of trophy and take them back to Castle Rock. Piggy’s glasses are essential to starting a fire and being rescued from the island. However Jack does not care about being rescued but just being looked upon and treated as a leader on the island.
Jack proposes the question “which is better, law and rescue or hunting and breaking things up” As Rodger releases the huge boulder it smashes the conch which symbolised order and democracy. This marks the end of any chance of civilisation on the island and Golding ties in Piggy’s death with the end of civilisation perfectly as death and murder does not fit in to a civilised public at all. The murder of Piggy is the climax of a trail of killings starting with the first pig – the first sight of savagery. Golding describes Piggy’s death as a sort of report from the boys on the island “his head opened and stuff came out and turned red.
However the way Golding describes Simons and Piggy’s deaths are completely different, he gives him no dignity in death “no time for even a grunt” and his “arms and legs twitched abit like a pigs after its been killed” Piggy dies like an animal – a pig. After the deaths Golding uses the sea to wash away all of mans evil, with Simon and Piggy being washed away after their brutal deaths. By killing Piggy the tribe have chosen Jack and he asserts his chieftaincy by hurling his spear at Ralph, the last threat to his imaginary throne above the savage. Piggy’s death and Jacks attempt to kill Ralph are very different compared to Simons death.
Simons death was unintentional as it was the “beast” that the boys thought they were killing, the very scary and threatening image that Jack has drilled into his army like scape goats. However Roger purposely pushed the boulder off the edge to land on Piggy revealing Rogers true nature, he felt power looking down the minors – Ralph and Piggy, Golding is showing the change that a place with no rules and civilisation can have on man kind as earlier on in the novel something stopped Rodger from committing a ‘crime’ it was the thought of authority and trouble of the old world but now, no thought just action.