Lord Of The Flies The Id Ego

8 August 2017

Lord Of The Flies- The Id, Ego Essay, Research Paper

Lord Of The Flies The Id Ego Essay Example

The ID, Ego and Super EGO

Many have looked at Freud & # 8217 ; s description of the human head as something that describes people and the manner of their behaviour. Freud s division of the human head consists of three things: the ID, the Ego and the Super Ego. In William Golding s novel, Lord of the Fliess, these Freudian constructs can be compared to the characters of Jack, Piggy, Simon, and Ralph. Jack fits into the construct of the Id that overpowers the Ego and Super Ego, as is seen in his violent impulses and transporting out of killing things and the negative stairss he takes in acquiring at that place. Piggy and Simon fit into the construct of the Super Ego, in the sense that Piggy is logical and proper in his actions, and Simon attentions about other people and is and good-willed in his ways. Ralph fits into the construct of the Ego, as he is caught between the Super Ego ( Piggy and Simon ) and the Id ( Jack ) . Ralph knows what is right and what is incorrect, but at times he can be average or non experience sorry for people. Overall, many of the characters in Lord of the Flies portray Freud s description the human head, the Idaho, self-importance, and super-ego.

To get down with, the Idaho is what provides the most cardinal impulses and thrusts that want to carry through desires, even if those desires are non allowed or are looked down upon by society. Jack represents the Idaho, as his chief end on the island is to Kill the hog! Cut her pharynx! Bash her in ( page 75 ) ! This is really violent and cardinal, and in his eyes is meant as a beginning of joy or pleasance. It is bad plenty to hold the desire to kill things, but it is wholly another to really travel in front and make it. The first clip Jack putting to deaths, he viciously slaughters a female parent sow, her belly fringed with a row of piggies that slept or burrowed and squeaked ( page 134 ) . Jack was on top of the sow, knifing downward with his knife so [ he ] found the pharynx and the hot blood spouted over his custodies ( page 135 ) . This is horrifically atrocious. The hog is a female parent and is nursing piggies. The decease of any hog on the island is unneeded due to the fact that there are plentifulness of fish to be caught and there is plentifulness of fruit to last on. If the decease of a hog was necessary, it doesn Ts have to be killed in such a violent mode as this. This shows the Idaho in Jack due to the fact that his impulse is to kill. In order to carry through his desire and wanting, he must kill. The Idaho does non merely hold to make with force and violent death ; nevertheless, it combines all thrusts that demand instant satisfaction, despite the effects. Jack decides to organize his ain folk, and says to Ralph You go off, Ralph. You keep to your terminal. This is my terminal and my folk. You leave me entirely ( page 176 ) . This statement by Jack is non violent or really baleful, but it does demo the Id being the most powerful portion of Freud s theory in Jack. By interrupting off, Jack is ignoring the fact that he is destructing the island s society and diminishing their opportunities of deliverance and endurance, merely so he may experience more powerful ; that is the Idaho at work.

Another one of Freud s theories of the human head is the Super Ego. The Super Ego can be described as the the [ division ] which grounds, Masterss urges and most of the clip controls the environment around it. It helps us come to footings with world, with the universe as it is ( quotation mark from Stevenson of Brown University, it good summarizes the Freudian construct of the Super Ego ) . In Lord of the Flies, the two characters that best portray the Super Ego are Piggy and Simon. Though they are two really different characters, they both have the same basic ethical motives. Piggy, to get down with, is logical and intelligent ; he thinks things through. In illustration of this is when Ralph states I can t believe. Not like Piggy Piggy could believe. He could travel measure by measure inside that fat caput of his, merely Piggy was no head. But Piggy, for all his farcical organic structure, had encephalons ( page 78 ) . The ability to believe things through in a logical manner is a feature of the Super Ego. Piggy has ever been around grownups his whole life, and invariably negotiations about his aunty, and this is shown when he says My aunty told me non to run on history of my asthma. ( page 9 ) . This shows how he lives with in world and regulations, merely like a Super Ego. Another Super Ego-based character in the book is Simon. He is bright, but non in a book smart sort of manner. Simon can well-understand emotions and the manner people feel. He takes action when peo

ple are treated ill and sees the good side of things. When Jack kills the first hog, he does non administer any meat to Piggy. Bing the sort individual he is, Simon shoved his piece of meat over the stones to Piggy, who grabbed it ( page 74 ) . This quotation mark shows that Simon in a manner is like a parent. He notices that Piggy does non have any meat, so he forfeits his meat, to feed the tummy of person else ; much like the function of a parent. Another illustration of when Simon portrays his parent-like figure is when he is constructing huts for everyone along with Ralph ; as everyone splashes around and dramas in the H2O. This is shown when Ralph says to jack And I work all twenty-four hours with nil but Simon and you come back and wear t even notice the huts. Simon physically sees the good of the island, and he frequently visits an enclosed glade in the jungle where Nothing moved but a brace of gaudy butterflies danced round each other [ and ] the white tips of the flowers rose finely to run into the unfastened air ( page 57 ) . Jack ( the Id ) evidently doesn T appreciate this country as it is the topographic point where he subsequently murders the female parent hog. Piggy and Simon are great illustrations of Freud s theory of the Super Ego.

The 3rd and concluding theory of Freud s division of the human head is the Ego. The character from Lord of the Fliess that best shows the Ego is Ralph. Ralph is by no agencies evil or cruel like Jack ( the Id ) , but he does non logically believe of what society allows or to the full understand human emotions like Piggy or Simon ( the Super Egos ) . He is a force that is caught between the two. The Ego is ruled by the world rule and satisfies the impulses of the Id in a sensible mode or suppresses them. ( Another quotation mark from Stevenson, which helps depict the function of the Ego. ) The world rule is what is allowed by society and is really possible. To fulfill an impulse in a sensible manner is for case when holding the desire of meat, catching a fish or a crab alternatively of viciously slaying a female parent hog. The more Ace Ego side of the Ego can be seen when Ralph says, You pinched Piggy s eyeglasses. You ve got to give them back You played a soiled trick-we vitamin D hold given you fire if you d asked for it You could hold had fire whenever you wanted. But you didn t. You came mousing up like a stealer and stole Piggy s spectacless ( page 176 ) ! Ralph understands that stealing is incorrect and demands that Jack return Piggy s spectacless so that he can see. Many could see Ralph as a Super Ego, but he has his Id-like minutes like all other Ego-driven people. This is seen non merely when Ralph abuses Piggy when he mentions his asthma by stating Sucks to your ass-mar ( page 13 ) , but besides when he betrays Piggy s trust by stating the other kids of the island, against his wants, He s non Fatty, his existent name s Piggy ( page 21 ) ! Piggy, after stating Ralph that Piggy was the nickname given to him by people back place, asked Ralph non to state anybody else. Ralph stating others of the moniker was incorrect and did non convey Piggy s feelings into consideration. The fact that Piggy intentionally tells Ralph that he doesn T desire his moniker to be told, and Ralph betrays him by denoting it to the group of male childs, merely shows that Ralph didn t think about Piggy s feelings. The Ego is one of Freud s theories of the human head that is caught between the crossfire of the Super Ego and the Id.

Harmonizing to Sigmund Freud the human head can be broken down into three parts, the Id, the Ego, and the Super Ego. Fictional characters from William Golding s novel Lord of the Fliess can suit into this Freudian construct of the Id, Ego, and Super Ego. Jack embodies the Id with his violent urges to kill, Piggy and Simon embody the Super Ego with their logic and emotional apprehension, and Ralph embodies the Ego, caught between the Id and the Super Ego, the bad and the good. By utilizing characters that portray the Freud s constructs of the human head, it shows how the book can associate to existent life human existences. The society of the Island in Lord of the Flies was id-run and ended within a short period of clip, while our society is Ego-run and has lasted 1000s of old ages. Harmonizing to this chart, there is no stating to what a super-ego- tally society would really be like, though no uncertainty better so the other two. All of this is really important, and there is much still to be learned about the Freudian Concepts of the human head and Golding s application of the construct of his fresh s characters and the microcosm in which

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