Louis The 14 Essay Research Paper Louis
Louis The 14 Essay, Research Paper
Louis The 14 Essay Research Paper Louis Essay Example
Louis XIV was merely four old ages old when he succeeded his male parent to the Gallic throne. Often uncared for, he about drowned because no 1 was watching him as he played near a pool. This began to determine in his immature head an early fright of God.
Louis & # 8217 ; character was besides shaped by the Gallic Civil War. In this, the Paris Parlement rose against the Crown. For five old ages, Louis would endure fright, cold, hungriness and other spirit-breaking events. He would ne’er forgive Paris, the Lords, or the common people.
Finally, in 1653, Cardinal Jules Mazarin was able to stop the rebellion. He began to teach Louis on his place as male monarch. Even though Louis XIV was now of age, the Cardinal remained the dominant authorization in Gallic political relations.
Gallic male monarchs gained regard as a soldier ; Louis served with the Gallic ground forces during France & # 8217 ; s war with Spain. His biggest conflict, nevertheless, was giving his love for Mazarin & # 8217 ; s niece for political relations. In 1660 he married the girl of the male monarch of Spain to convey peace between the two states.
Mazarin died March 9, 1661. On March 10, Louis claimed supreme authorization in France. Not since Henry IV had such a claim been made. Louis saw himself as God & # 8217 ; s representative on Earth, hence, infallible. He oversaw roadbuilding, tribunal decorousness, defence, and differences within the church.
He had the support ab initio of his curates, so that of the Gallic people. He had given France the image it desired-youth and verve surrounded by impressiveness. Louis won the favour of the Lords by doing it apparent that their hereafter depended on their ability stay on his good side. This weakened the aristocracy, and would finally weaken France.
Louis had among his supportors a broad spectrum of persons. Writers such as Moliere were ordered to laud him. Memorials rose throughout the state and Louis had castles built in his award. The most luxuriant was Versailles, located outside Paris. Away from disease, Versailles besides isolated the male monarch from his people. The nobility became cryptic.
France was besides undergoing an economic revolution. Exports were increased, and a navy, merchant Marine, and constabularies association emerged. Roads, ports and canals were being built. He invaded the Spanish Nederlands in 1667. The restarted war between France and Spain would be on once more, away once more for the balance of Louis & # 8217 ; reign.
In 1668, the Gallic ground forces retreated under force per unit area from Dutch and English forces. Louis swore to get the better of the Dutch and destroy their Protestant mercantile democracy. He allied himself with his cousin, Charles II of England, and invaded the Netherlands in 1672. Louis was winning when the Treaty of Mijmegen was signed in 1678. When the Dutch were defeated, he had besides defeated its Alliess, Spain and the Holy Roman Empire. France & # 8217 ; s boundary lines had expanded to the North and the E. His naval forces had become as every bit big as that of England and Holland.
His private life was non as fortunate. Friends had been implicated in the Affair of the Poisons, where high people had been accused of s
orcery and slaying. Louis ordered his tribunal to go distinct. The place of Government was transferred to Versailles in 1682. When the Queen died, he married her Mme de Maintenon, who had been governess to the King’s kids.
Louis did non understand the reformation, and he viewed Gallic Protestants as menaces to the throne. He revoked the Edict of Nantes, which had granted them freedom of worship. Many left France, those that remained were persecuted.
England, the Dutch, and the Holy Roman Empire united in 1688 in the Grand Alliance to halt Gallic enlargement. This war ended in 1697 with the sign language of the Treaty of Rijswijk. France lost portion of its district, and Louis lost public support. He was forced to acknowledge William of Orange as male monarch of England. This went against his belief that the Stuarts had Godhead right to the throne.
Charles II, the last Habsburg male monarch of Spain died in 1700, and bequeathed his lands to Louis & # 8217 ; grandson, Philip of Anjou ( Philip V ) . Although ab initio opposed to the heritage, Louis eventually went along with it in order to forestall Spain from falling into the custodies of the Holy Roman emperor, Leopold I, who disputed Philip & # 8217 ; s claim.
In the War of the Spanish Succession the anti-French confederation was reactivated by William of Orange. By 1709, France was near to losing all it had gained over the past century. Louis & # 8217 ; private life was besides a wreck: his boy, two grandsons, and a great grandson died. Alternatively of interrupting down every bit was expected, he held himself together. He bore non merely his personal losingss, but besides the losingss France had suffered with singular grace.
The Treaties of Utrecht, Rastatt and Baden in 1713-1714 eventually ended the war. The hard-fought triumph cost France its position as a universe power, but its districts were untasted. Not even future lickings would do France to lose its land in the Rhine or Flanders.
Louis died in 1715, at the age of 77. His organic structure was carried to the Saint-Denis basilica. His inheritor, the last boy of the Duc de Bourgogne, was a sallow five-year-old kid. Louis had distrusted his nephew, the Duc d & # 8217 ; Orleans, and wanted to go forth existent power in the custodies of the Duc du Maine. He left orders in his will to do it so. The Parlement of Paris convened to contend the will and, in making so, rediscovered its ain power. This would put in gesture a series of events that would take to revolution.
Though praised within his state, outside of France Louis had a barbarous repute. He allowed his ground forcess to perpetrate atrociousnesss, and states were reduced to break one’s back provinces. Although credited with conveying France to the position it achieved, his policies refering faith, his isolation of the throne at Versailles, and his last will combined to take to the ruin of the monarchy.
Though seen as a strong swayer, France lost power under him. So affiliated to the image of male monarch, historiographers have trouble in analyzing Louis the person. He wanted France to thrive, and its citizens suffered. Still sing himself infallible, he merely saw the glorious image of France he ordered his craftsmans to develop.