Major League Baseball
Rights movement. Before Jackie Robinson desegregated the Major League of Baseball, Blacks were segregated and discriminated against. The first baseball game between two all black teams was held on September 28, 1860 at Elysian Fields in Hoboken, New Jersey.
(“Shadowbox-Negro Leagues. ” Shadowbox-Negro Leagues. N. P. , n. D. Web.
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12 June 2013. ) When the civil war ended in 1865 black Baseball teams began to form in the Northeast. Major Leagues excluded Black players. Frustrated Black players formed teams all over. The Black Panthers was the first professional black team formed 1 885 inBabylon, NY, the team was later renamed Cuban Giants so they could attract more White fans. This led to the organization of the negro league in 1887. Eventually, the league fell because there wasn’t enough money to support the league.
There was no ban on white leagues hiring Black players. Blacks continued to play on White teams despite the physical and verbal abuse from players and fans. All Blacks knew Baseball was a white mans game. (“Jackie Robinson Biography. ” Bio. Com. A Networks Television, n.
D. Web. Jejune 2013. ) Jackie Robinson was born on January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia. Jackie Robinson.Notable Black American Men. Deed.
Jessie C. Smith. Farmington Hills: Gale Research, 1999. 1022-025. Print. ) His parents were Jerry and Millie Robinson. (“Jackie Robinson Biography.
” Bio-com. A Networks Television, n. D. Web. 12 June 2013. ) They lived on a small farm and worked as sharecroppers. Jerry left when Jackie was one years old.
Jackie had four siblings Matthew Robinson, Frank Robinson, Edgar Robinson , Will Mae Robinson. Later they moved to Pasadena, California because they didn’t have any money. Jackie and his family lived in his half brother Mastiffs apartment until they found a house.They found a house in a bad neighborhood. Jackie went to John Mir High School in Pasadena, California. His brothers, Frankie got Jackie interested in sports. Mack was especially a good role model for placing 2nd in the 1 936 summer Olympics.
Jackie played sports year round including baseball, football ,tennis, and track. He was the star player of every sport he played. Jackie went to Mir Technical High School. He set records for baseball and rack. Jackie earned a scholarship to UCLA. He was the star athlete on baseball, track, football, and basketball team at UCLA.Jackie had to leave college before he got a degree because Of financial problems.
He was a athletic director for the National Youth Administration. (“Jackie Robinson Biography. ” Bio. Com. A&E Networks Television, n. D. Web.
12 June 2013. ) Jackie Robinson played an important role in the Civil Rights Movement . An April 15, 1947 Jackie Robinson officially broke the color barrier in Major League Baseball. Jackass’s attendance was a very positive impact. He not only hit a batting average of . 342 and stole 19 bases in his career, but he was also nominated rookie of the year.