A discussion of the position that black separatism is important for black independence.
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This paper discusses the book “The Autobiography of Malcolm X,” based on material dictated by him and written by Alex Haley. It analyzes the argument by Malcolm X that black separatism is important for black independence. It outlines various concepts from the book, including civil rights versus human rights, and Malcolm X’s rejection of black integration.
El-Hajj Malik El-Shabaz, Malcolm X, the African American leader who articulated concepts of race pride and black nationalism in the early 1960’s. His life story The Autobiography of Malcom X (1965) as told by Alex Haley made him an ideological hero, especially among black youth. The book tells of an honest story about the transformation from a bitter, self destructive and petty criminal into an articulated political activist. Malcolm X developed a brilliant platform style, which soon won him a large and dedicated following. The widespread popularity of Malcolm X was because he proposed something very radical from his contemporary civil rights leader Martin Luther King. He believed that if Black Americans can unite in a platform they don’t need any help because they are superior race than Whites. In 1964 Malcolm X went on his pilgrimage to Mecca, which is obligatory for Muslims, and their he began to reconsider changing his views towards integration, black separatism. He saw in his pilgrimage that White and Blacks can live in brotherhood he was deeply touched by this experienced and said that he no longer believed Whites to be innately evil.”