Mangrove Ecosystem University of Southeastern Philippines College of Arts and Science Natural Science Department General Ecology Group Members: Nina Agusto Nikki Abarilla Kimberly Albores Jose Mercurio Sec: Biology – 3B Introduction Natural Ecological sites are found to be in diverse geological groups mainly categorized as marine or terrestrial.
These two divisions are really diverse in terms of their environment; we see terrestrial & aquatic environments are composed of diverse organisms.We see marine in a vivid picture ecologically are composed of fishes, clams, corals, sea grasses and others, this living things had adapted in order for their survival as well as the terrestrial life. In sites like estuaries and coastal areas, we see that Marine and Terrestrial life meets each other, these is where Terrestrial Living Things interacts in an ecological manner in the Marine life. In estuaries, the river bank and the sea are connected which enables certain plants like Mangroves to survive both of the different geological areas, thus giving its unique ability to adapt and live to that areas.Not only plants are capable in the two environments, a lot of animals and other forms of living things can both do there habitation there. Mangroves Mangroves are a diverse group of unrelated trees, palms, shrubs, vines and ferns that share a common ability to live in waterlogged saline soils usually near coastal areas and riverbank. They are highly specialized plants that have developed unusual adaptations to its unique environmental conditions in which they are found.
Mangrove Ecosystem Essay Example
Mangroves are able to survive and adapted extreme Tidal changes, High Water Salinity levels, and other harsh coastal environmental factors. Mangrove Ecological Site Requirements: Temperature: Mangroves sites are usually habituating in tropical areas between latitudes -32 degrees N and 38 degrees S, and thus Temperature of Mangrove sites don’t go below 20 C and the seasonal changes does not exceed in 10 C. Rainfall: Large varieties of mangrove sites require high rainfall, heavy runoff and seepages into the hinter tidal zone.This situation causes sedimentations which provide a diverse range of substrate types and nutrient levels, which in turn are favorable for mangrove growth and other vegetation and animal habitats. Mangrove Ecosystem Mangroves sites are very good areas for marine & terrestrial vegetation. Its productivity is high; it gives a high amount of falling leaves, wide ranges of branches roots, and stems that are essential, Mainly for Marine and Terrestrial Animal source for nutrition, a home for aquatic juveniles, a nest for Birds eggs, and other Animal habitats.When the leaves and branches of a mangrove fall to the ground they provide a wide variety of aquatic animals such as mollusks, crabs and worms with a primary source of food.
These primary level consumers in turn support an array of secondary consumers, including small fish and juvenile predators such as barramundi which, when mature, become third level consumers. (In general, high levels of organic matter, or high productivity, means that a larger number and more diverse array of animals can be supported within a particular ecosystem. )