McCarthyism vs. The Crusible
In the play The Crucible, Hale, while holding a book, claims, “Here is all the invisible world caught, defined, and calculated. In these books the devil stands stripped of all his brute 50) Later in the play, when Mary Warren describes her court day to the Proctors, and how Goody Osborn tried to send her spirit out and kill her. She says, “l never knew [Goody Osborn tried to kill me] before. I never knew anything before. When she come into the court say to myself, I must not accuse this woman, for she sleep in ditches, and so very old and poor.
..But then… Then she sit there, denying and denying, and feel a misty oldness climbing’ up my back, and the skin on my skull begin to creep, and I feel a clamp around my neck and I cannot breathe air..
. ” She carries on, saying, “then Judge Hawthorne say, “Recite for us your of all the ten she could not say a single one.
Only $13.90 / page
She never knew no commandments, and they had her in a flat lie! ” Finally, she justifies herself by saying ” I told you the proof-?sees hard proof, hard as rock the judges said. McCarthy stated in a speech in Wheeling Virginia, “[The existence of Communists] has lighted the spark which is resulting in a moral uprising and ill end only when the whole sorry mess of twisted, warped thinkers are swept from the national scene so that we may have a new birth of honesty and decency in government. ” A SSP source also states, a young Senator named Joseph McCarthy made a public accusation that more than two hundred “card-carrying’ communists had infiltrated the United States government. Though eventually his accusations were proven to be untrue, and he was censured by the Senate for unbecoming conduct..
. (McCarthy) Puritan belief was based on the puritan religion, which held a long standing association between witches and evil. Hale briefly points this out; and, as he is regarded as Nobel in his society, uses his authority and judgment to make a strong claim about the book he has and the thing he knows. Later, when Mary talks about her day of court- she justifies the lack of proof by saying that the Judges, who associate with Hale, and have a religious prejudice, think the proof is clear if you cannot say the commandments.This shows how strong one aspect of the society is, and how “sure” individuals in it are of their own beliefs. McCarthy states that the communists are a “sorry mess of twisted, warped thinkers,” which clearly showcases his prejudice awards communists, since their views do not affect their honesty or decency, frankly; and the belief that their thinking is warped is strictly an opinion. The idea of his political affliction becomes even more clear when it is known that he accused over two hundred people of being communists without any proof or justification.
Both parties also relied on fear to sway people to agree with them. In The Crucible, Abigail Williams constantly accuses her neighbors of witchcraft. One exclusive example is when Mary Warren is in the court room to show the girls as frauds, and Abigail retorts, accusing her of witchcraft, too. The stage directions and dialog are as follows: Abigail, looking about in the air, clasping her arms about her as though cold: – know not. A wind, a cold wind, has come. Her eyes fall on Mary Warren.McCarthy used fear in his speech in Wheeling; telling the people, “The reason why we find ourselves in a position of impotency is not because our only powerful potential enemy has sent men to invade our shores, but rather because of the traitorous actions of those who have been treated so well by this Nation.
” (McCarthy) Abigail manipulates the officials and her peers by playing on their fears. Abigail accuses Mary for two reasons. One is to hurt Mary for tattling. The other is to distract the judges, who were starting to question the girls.McCarthy does the same; telling the people that their government is full of traitors- who are better known by the term communist. Most, if not all, of the accused in both situations faced hardships in the time of the happenings. In The Crucible, Act IV is primarily the scene of John Proctor’s confession (and counter-confession.
) The Judge sakes if John will formally sign a confession. He responds with, ” I have confessed myself! Is here no good penitence but it be public? God does not need my name nailed upon the church!God sees my name, God knows how black my sins are! It is enough. ” It is said that during the Second Red Scare “Some had their passports taken away, while others were jailed for refusing to give the names of other communists. The trials, which were well publicized, could often destroy a career with a single unsubstantiated accusation. ” (McCarthy) The puritans, along with being accused and jailed, had to publicize that they confessed to being a witch, and brand themselves with the title, or die so they ay keep their clean name. This shows great injustice.Even if you were not a witch, the court would hold you to it with their faulty proof until you confessed it and damned your soul by lying.
Likewise, McCarthy ruined careers and lives with his accusations, jailing some of his alleged communists and striping privileges, like passports, from others. Both occurrence, though so far apart, correlate with each other when it comes to injustice because Of prejudice, using fear as a moderated, and ruining innocent people’s lives. Lotus goes to show that history really does repeat itself.