In my social psychology class, there was a recent examination given to the class. It was the mid-term examination. For the mid-term examination, the class was Instructed to read chapter’s 1-6 In the text book. The class was also Instructed to study for the exam by reviewing the lecture notes. In this paper I will focus on a few questions I answered incorrectly on my mid-term examination. The exam contained 48 multiple choice questions and two true/false questions.
Out of this 50 questions total, I answered 18 incorrectly. One of the questions I will focus on is located on the second page. The question reads, “Nicole has Just met some new people in her dorm. During a discussion on campus Issues, she modifies her opinions so that they match those of her new friends. The most likely reason Nicole did this Is that” (Husks). For the question I answered D, which stated the reason Nicole changed her opinion was to create similarity as a successful ingratiation strategy.
Well, of course this answer is wrong. The correct answer to this question is choice C. C states the Nicole alter her opinion because she is a low self-monitor. Self-monitoring is the tendency to be harmonically concerned with one’s public image and to adjust one’s actions to fit the needs of the current situation (Kenny, Number, & Cladding 107). Low self-monitors are much more likely to rely on their own standards In deciding how to respond to a new situation (Centric, Number, & Calling 170).
As the question stated, Nicole changed her opinion to the views of the new people she meet which makes her a low self-monitor. Question 15 located on the third page was also answered incorrectly. The question reads, “The Disabled American Veterans nearly doubled their donation ate In response to a mailed solicitation when they Include personalized address labels. The success can be attributed to the (A) commitment/consistency, (B) social validation, (C) scarcity, or (D) reciprocation principle” (Husks).
For this question I answered B, which is the social validation principle. Social validation is an interpersonal way to locate and validate the correct choice (Centric, Number, & Calling 190). The correct answer is D, reciprocation principle, which is people are more willing to comply with request from those who have provided such things first. The reason the donations nearly doubled Is because people feel an obligation to reciprocate (Cladding 183). People with high (A) need for structure, (B) desire for control, (C) need for cognition, or (D) intelligence are more likely to use cognitive simplification strategies” (Hick) was another question that I answered incorrectly. This question is located on the third page also. For this question my answer was B, which is a desire for control. The correct answer for the question is the need for structure. People with the need for structure are motivated to organize their mental ND physical worlds In simple ways.
People high In need of structure are also more likely to engage In all sorts of cognitive shortcuts (Kenny, Number, & Caledon 811. Question 30, located on the fifth page states, “According to (A) the representatives heuristic, (B) the cooperation model, (C) correspondence bias, or (D) correspondent inference theory people determine whether a behavior corresponds to an actor’s internal disposition by asking whether the consequences were foreseeable, the behavior was intended, freely chosen, and occurred despite countervailing forces. The cooperation theory. The cooperation model is the theory that proposes that people determine the cause of an actor’s behavior by assessing whether other people act in similar ways, the actor behaves similarly in similar situations, and the actor behaves similarly in the same situation (Centric, Number, & Calling 92). I now see that cooperation model is definitely not the answer. Another choice was the representatives heuristic.
A mental shortcut through which people classify something as belonging to a certain category to the extent that it is similar to a typical case from that category is the definition of representatives heuristic Centric, Number, & Calling 78). The correct answer to question 30, which is a definition, is correspondent inference theory. “Franklin dislikes the Rush Lumbago radio talk show. At a party, Franklin meets Jefferson, who lavishly praises the Rush Lumbago show. Franklin takes an instant dislike to Jefferson.
Which of the following psychological theories would best predict Franklins response to Jefferson (Hick)”, was also one of the questions I missed on the mid-term. This is question 46 which is located on the seventh page. For this question I answered reciprocity theory. I don’t even know if there is a reciprocity theory but there is a norm of reciprocity. The norm of reciprocity requires that we repay others with the form of behavior they have given us (Centric, Number, & Calling, 196).
Franklin did not repay Jefferson with the same behavior so this is not the answer. The balance theory states that we all prefer to have harmony and consistency in our views of the world. We want to agree with the people we like and disagree with those we dislike. We want to associate good things with good people and bad things with bad people (Centric, Number, & Calling, 163). Either there is balance or not. Franklin did not like Rush Lumbago and Jefferson did, which made Franklin not like Jefferson.
You can’t like to show but not like Rush Lumbago or visa versa. For this mid-term examination, I felt strongly about the test. When I walked into the class room, I felt I would pass the test; obviously I was wrong. I would not say there was too much information to consume but maybe I did not have a understanding like I though I did. For the next text, I guess I will have to study everyday for the test and make sure I understand what I am reading.