Motivation, Emotion, and Behavior
According to Dictionary.com, motivation is an arousal of an organism that acts toward a desired goal. Emotion is the state of consciousness of what one experiences such as love, hate, happy and sad. Behavior is an action or reaction under certain circumstances. The relationship between the three is feelings that one receives under each. For instance, a cold rainy day, on such a day, one’s motivation may be to lie around all day and possibly not change out of their pajama’s, which could lead to a sad and depressive day, (emotions) which leads to an “I don’t care” behavior.
Emotions can affect motivation negatively or positively. As previously stated, emotions are a state of consciousness and sets how one is motivated. If I am happy, this gives me a positive motivation to which I would be able to accomplish most anything. If I am sad, then my emotions would be negative, therefore, I would not be motivated to accomplish anything. This state could be justified as a depressive state of mind.
An example of a specific behavior and the motivators and emotions that can be behind that behavior is “anger”, many could say anger comes from an attitude, and while attitudes and behaviors can go hand in hand, one’s behavior is the physical manifestation of your attitude and an attitude is an inner thought about what’s around you. The motivators and emotions behind anger is the state of being one has or the environment and situation one is in and how it makes them feel. Theories of Emotion;
The four major theories of emotion are: The James-Lange theory, the Cannon-Bard theory, the Schacter-Singer theory and the Lazarus theory. The James-Lange theory proposes that an event or stimulus causes a physiological arousal without any interpretation or conscious thought, and you experience the resulting emotion only after you interpret the physical response. (Ruud, M.) The Cannon-Bard Theory suggests that the given stimulus evokes both a physiological and an emotional response simultaneously, and that neither one causes the other.
(Ruud, M.)The Schacter-Singer theory believes that an event causes physiological arousal, but that you must then identify a reason for the arousal before you label the emotion. (Ruud, M.)The Lazarus theory builds on Schacter-Singer theory. It proposes that when an event occurs, a cognitive appraisal is made, either consciously or subconsciously, and based on the result of that appraisal, an emotion and physiological response follows. (Ruud, M.)
I believe that the most valid of the four theories is Lazarus. I think that an emotion is based consciously and subconsciously. Even though the theories are all “feelings”, a person can create an emotion with or without really thinking about it. A good example, my granddaughter at times begins crying, and when asked why, her response is “I don’t know”.
I think that the least valid of the four theories is the James-Lange theory. I think that a person’s emotions have to come from a conscious thought and that you do not experience the emotion “after the fact”. Thinking, Intelligence, and Creativity;
I believe that in describing thinking, intelligence, and creativity, they all can be associated with reasoning and rationality. Thinking, intelligence, and creativity, all come from a mental capacity that one creates in their mind. Creativity does illustrate one’s thinking process and level of intelligence. Intelligence is when one has the ability to learn something during a thought process using their imagination to create new ideas.
Examples of this is, I have a pattern to make dolls from a phone book, while turning each of the pages half way down, I began thinking why I was doing this, this was not something that a five year old would be able to play with, not to mention I have enough “junk” up on shelves. Three-fourths through the book, I opened it and what should have been the bottom of the dress for the doll, I thought it looks similar to a Christmas tree. So, using my thought process and intelligence, I decided to spray paint the finished product green, glue a star on top, and glue small pom-poms around it to making “decorations” and use it for a center piece on my table during the Christmas holidays.