Employee relations gender equality within the uk labour market executive summary The purpose of the following report is to expand on the problems and challenges faced by women within the UK labour market. Historically women have been subordinate to men, however due to advancements in legislation and a change in social attitudes & views women are being increasingly viewed as equal to their male counterparts. Research into equality trends has found the equality gap is closing, however a gap still remains.
This report focuses on why an inequality gap exists and what variables, if any, may affect this. In addition the final section of this report suggests ways in which the equality gap can be reduced by the government and other actors. contents Introduction; What this report examines The position of women; Historical differences Legislative changes & pay differences Employment levels & managerial positions Causes & influences; Why differential treatment?
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The divergence between pay & managerial positions Education & aspirations affecting pay Occupational Stereotypes Action Required for Gender Equality: Governmental Other Actors Conclusion What has been determined? References Group Log 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 1213 4, introduction what this report examines We have been appointed, as academic consultants, by the Trade Union Congress (TUC) to draw up the following report relating to the challenges faced by women in the I-JK labour market. Equality is a key issue within the UK workforce.
There are many Acts & government legislation aimed at bridging the equality gap which still seems to exist today. The aim of this report is to examine the historical trends which depicted the position women faced in employment, how these trends have changed over the past few decades, and the causes and influences that has resulted in where omen stand within the I-JK labour market at present. the position of women historical differences Within pre-industrial Britain women’s work was entirely separate from men’s work.
Women’s principle assignment was domestic labour within the house – e. g. spinning yarn, preserving food, tending the garden, & caring for small animals& children, men on the other hand were concerned with the heavy work, managing finances, ploughing fields, buying provisions for his family, & selling crops. Women were subordinate to their husbands. Rosen (1989) stated that ‘despite the self-evident mportance of the work done at home, the role of the wife was distinctly secondary to that of the husband.
Not until the advent of industrialisation did the status of women begin to undergo significant & enduring empowerment. ‘ This was not Just apparent with the I-JK labour market as Rosen (1989)(2) points out ‘Most pre-industrial societies enforced male dominance: their cultures legitimated it and their sex roles necessarily revolved around it. ‘ Only after the British industrial revolution women began to work in mills & workshops to pursue the prospect of earning steady wages.
By entering the labour market for the first time women had broken down a considerable barrier within the struggle for equality. “Feminist ideology & political action, after decades of effort, finally swept away many of the barriers that men had erected against women, allowing them at last to take their rightful place in the labour market”. Rosen For example legislation & government Acts came into force to curb the differential labour views of men & women. The Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act 1919 made it possible for women to enter many professions that they had previously been rohibited from.