Municipal Solid Waste in Our Locality

9 September 2016

The area on which the project is based on is Rajpur Sonarpur (Municipality) Ward No. 13 in South 24 Parganas District, West Bengal, Pin 700150. Rajpur Sonarpur is a city and a municipality under Sonarpur police station of Baruipur subdivision in South 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. While they form a common municipality, both the places are also identified individually. The Ward 13 is located at 22. 43°N 88. 42°E It has an average elevation of 9 m (30 ft). It is an urban area with population involved in service and business.

As per municipality data, the ward consists of 2384 households. The total population is 10527 among which 5421 are male and 5106 are female. The map is shown below : Page |7 Abstract Solid waste management is an important social problem throughout the world. In India it takes the shape of alarming dimension which has to be addressed urgently. It includes the collection and disposal of garbage, or municipal solid waste, compounded by increasing consumption levels.

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Among the solid waste generated in Indian cities, Kolkata’s position is second.

The problem of municipal solid waste management (MSWM) also exists in the urban environment of Sonarpur. Therefore the present study was taken to find out the problems and prospects of Municipal solid waste in this area. A detailed investigation was made comprising the methods of practices associated with sources, quantity generated, collection, transportation, storage, treatment and disposal of Municipal solid waste in Sonarpur. The relevant data of SWM in Sonarpur was obtained through questionnaire, individual field visit, interacting with people and bona fide record of Rajpur-Sonarpur Municipality.

Solid waste management is one among the fundamental and essential services provided by municipal authorities in the country to keep urban centers clean. With the ever increasing demand of electricity on one hand and the waste disposal problem on the other hand, the power generation from MSW offers the best solution for both the problems. Statement of the Problem Solid waste management has always been a serious problem for cities throughout the world.

Municipal solid waste (MSW) comprises of domestic wastes and commercial wastes collected within an area. MSW includes biodegradable waste, recyclable material, inert waste and hazardous waste. With the increasing rate of MSW generation many Asian cities are finding it a great menace to deal with. Page |8 Significance of Solid Waste Management Modern civilization has brought a lot of luxuries and conveniences to our lives. However, with all of the amenities that modern life brings us, they also cause us to contribute to producing a large quantity of trash that needs to be taken care of.

Fortunately, there’s the field of solid waste management, and it is with that Solid Waste Management that modern lives are enjoyable without the disturbance or refuse. Solid waste management is an integral element of modern society. Even if we don’t get to see what goes on at the facilities and plants that process and dispose of garbage, it still contributes to the well-being of our lives. There are many ways in which solid waste can be treated, and thanks to modernized practices and technological advancement, these methods are very safe and practical.

What is Solid Waste ? Solid waste means any garbage, refuse, sludge from a wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility and other discarded materials including solid, liquid, semi-solid, or contained gaseous material, resulting from industrial, commercial, mining and agricultural operations, and from community activities, but does not include solid or dissolved materials in domestic sewage, or solid or dissolved materials in irrigation return flows or industrial discharges.

Waste Management: this is the collection, transport, processing, managing and monitoring of waste materials. 2. Household Garbage: commonly known as trash or rubbish, is a waste type consisting of everyday items we consume and discard. It predominantly includes food waste yard waste and other miscellaneous inorganic wastes from industrial sources. residential, commercial, institutional and 3. Natural Environment: this encompasses all living and non-living things occurring in nature on earth or some region thereof. 4. Composting: this is the aerobic decomposition of biodegradable organic matter producing compost. 5. Recycling: this is processing used materials (wastes) into new products to prevent waste. 6. Reuse: this is to use again especially in a different way or after reclaiming or reprocessing. 7. Segregation : Waste Segregations is sorting of waste from degradable to non-degradable.

Which also means division of waste into dry(paper, glass, tin cans, cardboard) and wet( vegetable peels, left-over food) waste. 1. Incineration plants : This process of burning waste in large furnaces is known as incineration. P a g e | 33 Conclusions This survey project has being able to provide an indication of the current household solid waste management in our locality by focusing on the residents surrounding as a case study. The residents are generally concerned about the environment but are not doing enough to reduce, recycle and reuse the household garbage they generate.

It is clear from their responses that they are ready to help fix the garbage problem if given the appropriate support from the local government as have been identified in this survey report. The natural environment requires protection in order to remain healthy for all of its inhabitants. To protect and bring about a healthy and sustainable environment requires the collective efforts of the public, the environmental health authorities and the private sector. Let us all remember these three big words about ‘waste’: REDUCE, RECYCLE, REUSE. Thank you

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