Music of the Century
Claude Debussy (1862-1918) He studied with Guard and others at the Paris Conservatoire and as prizewinner went to Rome, though more important Impressions came from his visits to Bayreuth and from hearing Javanese music in Paris. Debussy and Impressionism The Impressionist style of planting developed In the late 19th century In France. Although the Impressionist movement did not exclusively consist of French artists, It did start in France and the French painters are among the most well-known. Several earlier artistic movements, such as Classicism and Realism, influenced the
Impressionist painters. In 1855, a World Fair was held in Paris, and art was given significant attention. This contributed to Paris’ reputation as the center of the art world and the place to be for aspiring painters, such as the group that would come to be known as the Impressionists. Impressionism Is a style borrowed from painting which creates an illusion of light and atmosphere by using colors side by side Instead of blending them. The artist avoids realism in favor of conveying impressions. Nocturnes Achilles-Claude Debussy, 1862-1918, Nocturnes. Completed December 15, 1 899 (at 3 a. . , according to an inscription on the manuscript), first performance October 27, 1901, In Paris. Scored for 3 flutes, 2 oboes, English horn, 2 clarinets, 3 bassoons, 4 horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, cymbals, snare drums, tympani, 2 harps, female chorus, and strings. 3 Shorts Composition of NOCTURNES 1 . Engages- (Clouds) Debussy pictures the sky with slow and melancholy passages of clouds. The warmth of Engages recalls a summer love affair. 2. Fetes- (Festivals) Is a restrained yet Joyous celebration, the sort that generates feeling memories without ever disturbing the neighbors. 3.
Sirens- (Sirens) builds on a simple two-note motives to seduce the listeners into Debussy river, just as dangerously as the mythological beauties who have lured innumerable sailors to their doom over the centuries. Bell Bartok (1881-1945), a Hungarian, is considered a famous progressive modern musical composer, a great pianist, teacher and researcher. He was one of the leaders of Hungarian nationalism and made use of the Hungarian folk tunes in his music. Just like Stravinsky, he was one of the composers who belonged to the movement of Neo-classicism: a return to the simplicity of Classicism and combining of modern sound with classic form.
His style is characterized by rhythms which are percussive and intricate because of the influence of the Hungarian dance patterns. He used polymath, which means using two or more different rhythms played at the same time. In some of his compositions like “Six Dances in Bulgarian Rhythm, no. L”, you will notice the irregular grouping of beats. Polytonally, which is the simultaneous combination of two or more tonalities in a composition, can also be found in Brook’s compositions. Antonio Nominal and Impressionism Dry. Antonio Nominal (1894-1980) was one of the 20th century composers who wrote art music.
He was considered the “Claude Debussy of the Philippines” because he was the first to introduce several important devices, technically characteristics of impressionism in music. One of Million’s popularly known, compositions is “Hatching’s”. Another composition of Nominal is “Dancing Fool”. In this composition, he made use of the whole tone scale and used it as a descriptive device. Schoenberg and Expressionism Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951) Austrian composer, Schoenberg development of the twelve-tone method of imposition was a turning point in the 20th century music.
He was a self taught musician. Another philosophy of art which affected the music of the 20th century is expressionism. It is a style which seeks to express emotion with exaggerations rather than represent the physical world. The followers of the movement believe that this world is full of tension, and people are irrational, rebellious and scared to be alone. Expressionism Many of the 20th music reflects an artistic movement called expressionism, which stress intense and subjective emotion. Painters, writers, and composers explored inner feelings rather than depicting outward appearances.
The expressionists Arnold Schoenberg was known for the radical sound of his music. In this song cycle, “Peppier Lunar”, he made use of different style of singing which is called Springtime. Peppier Lunar calls for unusual style of vocal performance halfway between speaking and singing. Springtime Literally it means speech voice. It is a manner of performing a song which sounds half-sung and half-spoken. Millimeter is identified, by the time signature, a fractional symbol in which the numerator specifies the number of beats per bar, and he denominator specifies the relative note value assigned to one beat.
Syncopation (Accent) the suppression of an expected rhythmic accent by the continuation of an accented tone that begins Just before it. The Music of Stravinsky Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971) A Russian composer, later of French (1934) and American nationality. Stravinsky was regarded as the world’s greatest composer. His once revolutionary works were modern classics. Like Debussy and Schoenberg, Stravinsky a composer from Russia, was also one of the 20th century composers who established new trends in music, instead of Just sing the new trends in his music, he combined the traditional and modern trends.
Electronic Music Music that requires knowledge or use of electronic devices to produce or manipulate sounds during its composition and performances. With the advancement in technology, many composers are experimenting new sound sources such as electronic, environmental and other non-tonal sound. Traditional instruments are used but in different way. Even computers, cassette tape recorders, and synthesizers are used. Concrete Music Music created by reworking natural sounds recorded on discs or tapes. Filipino Contemporary Composer
Macaroni Bollard (1893-1934)- Our foremost Kinsman composer also showed the elements of modernism in his music. This is heard in his “Cinderella Overture” and “Assassinate for Strings” Dry. Lucre Silage (1918-)- Neo-classicist. The music of Silage is unique in which she was able to combine the music of the east and west. This is shown in her Toccata (1958) were she made used of the piano, clarinet, oboe calculating and tertiary. The Guillotining is very prominent in her “Concert music in our country. When he was in France, he Joined the Music Concrete movement.