My Personal Theory of Child Development
There are many theories of child development largely because many different people have studied the field for many years. Each theory has their different factors; biology, sociology, genetics, environment, and relationships are just a few of them. “Thank you for making me so wonderfully complex! Your workmanship is marvelous — and how well I know it. ”! (Psalms 139:14). One might ask the question: “If theories are so useful, why do we need so many?
Having a multitude of theories allow us to see how children develop from a variety of different vantage points. This paper will illustrate the following (1) how I view the course of child development as continuous (2) how my own personal child development theory would be a blend between Piaget’s Cognitive-Developmental theory and Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory (3) how I feel environmental and cultural influences play a large role in a child’s development and (4) how I would incorporate my theories into the classroom.
There have been many theories that have played a part in early childhood development research. It has been these theories that have changed the way teachers educate their students. Creating an environment that contributes to learning is key to the student’s success. I believe that children develop smoothly and continuously, gradually adding on more of the same types of skills that were there in the beginning. Kids constantly add new lessons and skills on top of old lessons and skills, as they get older.
Even though we can’t see it with their eyes, children are growing all the time right in front of us. Their bodies make new cells, hair grows longer. Their brains master new skills as they play and interact with other people. I feel that Vygotsky’s Socioculture Theory most closely represents my own philosophy. Vygotsky felt that “social interaction-in particular, cooperative dialogues with more knowledgeable members of society-is necessary for children to acquire the ways of thinking and behaving that make up a community’s culture” (Berk 2012).
Vgotsky’s Sociocultural Theory gives students the opportunity to develop their strengths socially while facilitating cognitive growth and development. Socialising in the classroom helps develop skills and habits necessary for being a participating member of society. My education philosophy is to produce the best interactive learning experience for all students in my classroom. The day will be spent engaging in experiences through play with an emphasis on language. During our morning circle will we read a story that incorporates into that week’s unit.
I’ll ask questions throughout the story in order to engage students more. After story time, the children are ready to do a project at first station such as pre-reading (colors, matching, sorting, and letters) and math, (numbers, counting objects, matching, and sorting) and a fun art project at our second station. While the stations are open, I’ll also open up the dress up area in our classroom that is designed to fit the unit we are working on. I’ll encourage children who have more advanced skills to assist the ones who might be struggling.
There are many environmental factors that influence a child’s early years of development. For example issues the type of physical environment that a child is bought up, their nutrition, even their caregivers emotional state can affect a child in a negative or positive way. Parents that are poor and/or have limited educational qualifications could have children who follow a very similar path because Many of these families do not have the finances to access better education or provide resources within the home that may enhance their child’s development.
A caregiver who is suffering emotionally or physically will be less able to respond to their child’s needs, upping the ante of the child developing their own anxiety or behavior problems Conclusion This paper has presented an argument on how a child’s development is strongly influenced by environmental and cultural influences as well as parenting styles and education. Children begin to learn and experiment with social skills at school, allowing them to learn and understand social skills necessary for later life in life.
Children who receive schooling at an early age perform better later in academics. I hope that by teaching in the ways that I described will help me accomplish this. I want my classroom of students to be excited to come to my class everyday to learn something that I hope will impact them for the rest of their lives. I want my classroom to be a very caring environment. I want my students to feel important and smart and to influence them to be the best that they can be. Proverbs 22:6 Train up a child in the way he should go; even when he is old he will not depart from it.