Napoleon

9 September 2016

In 1800, the French people vote in favour of a new Constitution Napolean made a series of reforms to improve the government, economy, and lives for French citizens To fix the French economy, he introduced a fair tax system and a Bank of France to regulate the money supply He created a merit based system for government bureaucrats He created public schools for students of all backgrounds He issued s comprehensive set of laws called the Napoleonic Code that provided order, freedom of religion, and eliminated privileges by estates. In 1804, Napolean ordered an election and the French people voted Napolean emperor for life.

Napolean wanted control of a global empire in North America and Europe But, the revolution in Haiti convinced Napolean to abandon North America In 1803, Napolean sold territory in Louisiana to the United States for 15 million; The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the USA. During the Napoleonic Wars, Napoleon sowed his military genius by debating Austria and Prussia and conquering Spain, Italy, and central. During his rule over Europe, Napoleon made a number of devastating decisions. The one nation Napoleon could not defeat was England.

Napoleon Essay Example

He ordered a blockade, called the Continental System, to cut off all trade with England. The Continental System was a failure and hurt the French economy more than England’s economy. Napoleans insistence that nations obey French laws led to a rise in nationalism and uprisings against France. In 1812, Napoleon made his greatest mistake and invaded Russia The harsh winter and Russia’s scorned-earth policy devastated the French army and forced Napoleon to retreat In 1814, the weakened French army was defeated; Napoleon surrendered, was forced to give up his throne and was exiled to the island of Elba.

The French monarchy was restored, but King Louis XVII was unpopular in 1815, Napoleon escaped and triumphantly gained the throne Only 100 days after napoleons return, he built a new army but was defeated by a European coalition at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. After his defeat, Napoleon was exiled to the remote island of St. Helena in the South Atlantic where he died after six years What was napoleons impact? He created reforms that ended the financial crisis and unequal class system and made public schools and the Napoleonic law code.

His massive empire brought glory to the French people. His rise as emperor ended the Enlightened ideas of democracy that led to the French Revolution The fall of empire led to a conflict between rule by strong monarchs and democratic governments Other Accomplishments of Napoleon The Concordant (1801) Gave Catholic Church status as official state Church; French state would choose and pay clergy; Pope would consecrate The era after the fall of Napoleon was a conflict among conservative, liberal and radical forces Conservatives were usually wealthy land owners and.

Nobles; They typically supported traditional monarchies Liberals were usually from the middle class; They supported Enlightenment ideas like limited monarchies and voting rights for educated landowners Radicals were usually from the lower classes; They supported extending democracy to all citizens When Napoleon was defeated in 1815, European leaders met at the Congress of Vienna to retire peace and bring stability back to Europe Congress of Vienna was attended by conservatives from Austria, Prussia, Russia, Britain, France and was led by Austrian minister Klemons von Metternich Metternich and other delegates disliked democracy, feared the ideas of the French Revolution, and wanted to restore Europe to the way it was before Napoleon. One goal was go prevent future French aggression This was accomplished taking from France all lands it gained under Napoleon and making the nations around France stronger The kingdom of Netherlands was created Switzerland became a nation 39 states joined to form the German Confederation Sardinia merged with Genoa “Buffer zone” was created between France and the major European powers One goal was to restore monarchs to power in Europe This was done by restoring kings in France, Portugal, Spain, and many Italian and German states One goal was to maintain a balance of power in Europe

This was done by forming the Concert of Europe, an alliance among Russia, Austria, Prussia and Britain to maintain peace and stop future revolutions The decisions made at the Congress of Vienna helped maintain peace in Europe for almost 40 years But the decisions of the Congress of Vienna did not make liberals or radicals happy The restoration of kings led to an increase in demand for democracy in Europe In 1848, a surge of nationalism swept through Europe which sparked revolutions for democracy and the formation of new nations The Battle of Trafalgar Napoleons plan to invade Britain shattered by a huge British victory at the naval battle of Trafalgar (1805)

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