Nation and World
Although nationalism once played a very progressive role, yet in hands of industrial powers of the world it has done greater harm than good. An atmosphere of nervous hostility rules the world which resembles nothing so much as a cigarette that is thrown onto the grass and may explode with a single spark. World public opinion is getting against it, because it is based on emotions which are very dangerous when dealing with modern civilization. The world has begun to realize the urgent need of replacing international anarchy by international order.
If mankind is to save itself from the catastrophe which awaits it, then humanity should replace national exclusiveness by international inclusiveness. The concept of internationalism is coming into our minds. People should now stop thinking themselves as Indians or Americans. They should think in terms of the whole human race. Time has come when the people are to make a choice between international co-operation, and disaster caused by nationalism. We must now adjust our nationalism to a perspective of international brotherhood.
Internationalism stands for a family of self- governing nations linked to each other by bonds of good will, cooperation and assistance. As ideal internationalism is certainly nobler than nationalism because the good of humanity is far higher than the welfare of a particular country or a community, different parts of the world have been brought so close to one another that we do not feel apart and it appears as if we belonged to one great common group. To bring about international peace and order, different nations must discard mutual hatred and jealousy.
It will be in the interest of the human race to create a common international authority of one form or another; and that we should embrace internationalism for the good of separate countries, and for the good of the world, as one. Internationalism keeps the world economy running which improves the quality of life in all nations no matter their size or power. World trade is a great example of international means of trade and treaties can greatly benefit a nation.
The World Trade Organization is an international organization based in Geneva that monitors and enforces rules governing global trade without world trade, and things such as economic stability, countries big and small would not be able to prosper and grow which could hinder the lives of people within nations. An example of this would be the European Union. They have one of the world’s highest currency values due to its somewhat stable economy even through the recent recession, the EURO value remained high due to its internationalist policies.
There are a number of great economic organizations that also follow ideals of internationalism such as the G8, G20, and much more. These meetings that happen annually on trade and economic and other policies help the world and point it in a better direction for growth and success. A nation in horrible condition is North Korea. North Korea which is notorious for its nuclear program remarks of destroying the South, is a country that is safe to say most isolated from the rest of the world. Its policy of isolationism is very extreme and it is a very harsh one for the people of North Korea.
They have one of the lowest GDP’s around the world placing 10th from last place among other countries, North Korea has an economy that is in a large downslide. This shows the key of world trade and internationalism that will keep countries that choose to participate in it in a stable and healthy condition economy unlike countries such as North Korea. The participation of a nation state in international affairs contributes to maintaining world peace and the act of stopping of future war. The participation of nation states through international means allows them to deal with issues that they may have with other nations through diplomacy.
In order for a country to use diplomacy it must be done through certain things such as involvement of global organizations, treaties and agreements made by nation states. An example peacekeeping carried out by the United Nations. In order to be involved and benefit from peacekeeping efforts, a nation-state must be a member of the United Nations which can only be done if they act through international means. An evident example that presents us with the benefits of being a part of peacekeeping efforts is seen through the Suez Canal crisis.
The canal was owned by the British and at the time linked the Mediterranean Sea along with the Red Sea and allowed goods to be easily moved between Asia and Europe. This then led to Egyptian government taking away the canal from the British which then ultimately led the British to anger and fight back along with Israeli and French forces, As the Soviet Union took sides in this conflict and threatened to attack. Before another world war started, Lester B. Pearson proposed an to send neutral forces into the area of conflict until both sides reached an agreement.
This act continues to serve over 200 million civilian people under conflict is a significant reason as to why there has not been another world war. As the numbers grow and the diversity of personnel involved grow so do the success of the operations. With more involvement in these peacekeeping efforts, the stronger the United Nations peacekeeping efforts become and the stronger of an impact the have. In order to increase their strength and continue to achieve maintaining world peace, it is essential that nation states that are not involved in international peacekeeping efforts through world organizations do so.
World peace can only be achieved through collective means; nation-states that agree to act using supranationalism rather than unilaterally. internationalism benefits the world economy as discussed by creating more trade opportunities through treaties and organizations such as the WTO, G8 and so on these organizations keep the world economy running smoothly and healthy throughout good and bad times. internationalism is beneficial for modern world and countries who are not involved in internationalism see the benefits it can provide to their nation and people.