National Recovery Administration
We have nothing to fear but fear itself. ” This statement is from C. 🙂 Franklin D. Roosevelt’s first inaugural address. 14. All of the following statements about the Civilian Conservation Corps are true except C. 🙂 it eventually came to employ over one-third of the American work force. 15. In personally taking over the task of setting the dollar amount the government would pay for gold, Franklin Roosevelt’s announced purpose was to D. 🙂 manipulate the price of gold so as to raise prices. 16.
He strove to strengthen the child’s respect for parental and other traditional authority. 17. What was the overall U. S. unemployment rate during the worst periods of the Depression? B. 🙂 25% 18. The thrust of Roosevelt’s “Good Neighbor” policy was to A. ? retreat from the military interventionism and blatant economic domination which had characterized previous American policy toward Latin America 19. All of the following “New Deal” agencies were created during the Great Depression to provide jobs for the unemployed EXCEPT A. 🙂 Farm Security Administration (FSA) 20.
Which of the following best describes the administrations of Warren Harding and Calvin Coolidge? C. 🙂 “The business of government is business! ” 21. The “Lost Generation” refers to C. 🙂 young writers disillusioned by the materialism, decadence, and conformity domination 1920s America 22. All of the following contributed to the Great Depression EXCEPT D. 🙂 lack of credit to help consumers sustain economic growth 23. The Smoot-Hawley Tariffs and other protectionist trade measures had the long-term effect of D. 🙂 sparking retaliatory measures from Europe which weakened both their economies and ours24.
The recession of 1937 was primarily caused by E. premature tightening of credit and cutbacks in spending for New Deal programs 25. The Scopes Trial had the effect of B. 🙂 highlighting the intolerance of religious fundamentalism and its conflict with contemporary science and secularism 26. The philosophy behind the New Deal was primarily to E. ? expand the role of federal government in providing jobs, relief for the unemployed, better wages, and regulation of industry to control the abuses of the past which had led to the current depression 27. Fearing the U. S.
Supreme Court would find much of his second term New Deal legislation unconstitutional, as it had done for much of the New Deal legislation passed during his first term, Franklin Roosevelt responded by D. 🙂 threatening to increase the number of justices 28. President Warren G. Harding’s administration could best be compared to that of C. 🙂 Ulysses Grant 29. Droughts, high tariffs, bankruptcies, and low prices during the late 1920s had the greatest impact on B. 🙂 the United States Stock Market 30. The scandal in 1919 that affected the integrity of major league baseball was.
The Black Sox Scandal” 31. Marcus Garvey, leader of the Universal Negro Improvement Association, argued for B. 🙂 a return to Africa . 32. “The business of our nation is business” were the words of A. ? Calvin Coolidge 33. When the United States Supreme Court failed to rule favorably on New Deal legislation, President Franklin A. 🙂 introduced a judiciary reorganization bill that would increase the number of Supreme Court justices 34. The first woman to serve in a Cabinet-level position was A. 🙂 Frances Perkins 35. The case of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti in the 1920s best illustrated E.
The extent of the “Red Scare” 36. W. C. Handy, Joe “King” Oliver, and “Jelly Roll” Morton were known for their accomplishments in A. 🙂 jazz 37. The Reconstruction Finance Corporation and the Home Loan Bank Act of 1932 were enacted during what United States president’s administration to help ease the effects of the Great Depression? A. 🙂 Herbert Hoover 38. The “court-packing” scheme proposed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 5, 1937 I. was triggered by Supreme Court decisions that undid much of the first New Deal II. was withdrawn when a majority of the Supreme Court justices retired III.
Became unnecessary when the Supreme Court began reversing previous decisions and upholding New Deal legislation IV. was replaced by a Judiciary bill that denied the president the power to enlarge the federal courts but conceded badly needed procedural reforms C. 🙂 I, III, and IV only 39. “There is no right to strike against the public safety, anywhere, any time,” was said by C. 🙂 Calvin Coolidge on calling out the Massachusetts National Guard during the Boston police strike 40. The Republican administrations of the 1920s would best be described as B.
Supporting isolationism and laissez-faire business policies domestically 41. The Palmer Raids of the 1920s were a response to C. ? fears of communism follwoing after the Russian Revolution 42. The use of installment plans during the 1920s was significant to the economy because it D. 🙂 served as a catalyst for a new consumer-based economy 43. The Supreme Court decision of Schenck v. United States established the precedent for the idea that B. 🙂 speech that presents a “clear and present danger” is not protected 44. Which of the following events illustrates the nativist sentiments of the 1920s?
The reemergence of the Ku Klux Klan and the passage of the National Origins Act 45. What was the 1920s Harlem Renaissance? E. 🙂 A period of artistic achievement in multiple fields by African-Americans 46. The trial of Sacco and Vanzetti illustrated America’s fear of D. 🙂 immigrants who possessed radical or leftist beliefs 47. The impact of the Fordney-McCumber and Hawley-Smoot Tariffs could be best described as B. 🙂 crippling Europe’s ability to pay off its war debts and damaging America industry 48. Why was the Kellogg-Briand Pact significant? A.
The nations involved agreed not to use threat of war against each other. 49. A primary reason for Henry Ford’s success in the automobile industry was that he C. 🙂 adopted a strategy of horizontal integration 50. The purpose of the Nineteenth Amendment was to D. 🙂 grant suffrage to women 51. The Scopes Trial illustrated the nation’s debate over A. ? religious conservatism versus modern scientific theories 52. Warren G. Harding’s administration is most associated with which scandal? Teapot Dome Scandal 53. The group of American authors disillusioned by society follwoing the First World War are referred to as C.
The Lost Generation 54. The election of Herbert Hoover over Al Smith illustrated C. 🙂 nativist opinions concerning religion 55. At the start of the Great Depression, Black Tuesday occurred when D. ? investors raced to sell their stock holdings 56. The Dust Bowl of the Great Depression occurred because C. 🙂 intense agriculture had depleted the topsoil 57. African-Americans during the Depression often experienced B. 🙂 increased discrimination in employment and in relief programs 58. When faced with the stock market crash and the start of the Depression, Hoover supported D.
Encouraging voluntary reforms within private business 59. The main goal of the Bonus Army at the start of the Depression was to A. 🙂 allow veterans to receive their promised army pensions early 60. The main purpose of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation was to B. 🙂 provide government credit to secure failing banks 61. How did Presidents Hoover and Roosevelt differ in thier attempts to respond to the Great Depression? B. 🙂 While Roosevelt felt that aid should be supplied directly to the people, Hoover felt that the government should only try to stabilize the corporations and banks.
What is the practice of buying on margin? B. 🙂 Using bank loans to purchase stocks 63. Which of the following New Deal agencies was created to assist businesses most directly? C. 🙂 National Recovery Administration 64. What was Franklin Roosevelt’s “Brain Trust”? B. 🙂 A collection of intellectuals who served as unofficial advisers 65. How did the Second New Deal differ from the First New Deal during the Depression? A. ? It contained a greater number of social welfare benefits. 66. Huey Long and Upton Sinclair criticized the New Deal on the grounds that E.