Native Americans in California Missions Essay Sample
Spanish wanted to colonise some of America. merely like the Europeans. Building spiritual based Missions all throughout California was a manner for them to keep ultimate societal. political. and economic control. Spanish adventurers arrived on the boundary line of California during the sixteenth century. The really first Franciscan mission was built in San Diego during 1769. By 1833. 20 two Spanish Missions existed from Southern California to Northern California. Native Americans made up about tierce of those who lived and worked at the Missions. There were an estimated 310. 000 Indians life in California during the sixteenth century. The Spanish provided the Native Americans with the necessities such as nutrient. vesture. and shelter. Although the California Missions had the right purposes of supplying for the Native Americans. the Spanish acted in an inhumane and unjust manner. Junipero Serra arrived in San Diego in 1768 and take a group of Franciscans to happen belongings and more significantly. workers. He welcomed the Native Americans with unfastened weaponries and unfastened doors. In a primary papers written by Junipero Serra himself. he admitted that he used the Native Americans entirely for work.
However. he said that supplying them with nutrient and shelter compensates for their difficult work. “So if households other than Indian semen from at that place. it will function the same purpose really well—that is. if we can supply for them…” ( Serra ) . Serra’s guardians province that he respected the Natives’ civilization. However. his criticizers argue that he used force to press the Native Americans to populate at the Missions against their will. Although the Natives did non hold with Serra’s beliefs and actions. they were really respectful for the most portion. For those who did non esteem Serra received physical penalty with “whips. ironss. and stocks to implement spiritual obedience” ( Serra ) . Junipero Serra was a great leader who made certain the California Missions were in order. The California Mission had worthy purposes and programs for the Native Americans. The Spanish welcomed them into their ‘homes’ and provided them with the necessities such as nutrient. vesture. and shelter. However. life at the Missions had its effects.
The Native Americans were forced to alter their full life styles – from their beliefs. their day-to-day modus operandis. to the manner they dressed and what they ate. Although anthropologists conducted that some Native Americans enjoyed their new lives. more than 80 per centum refused to change over their ways of life ( Sandos. 13 ) . For 1000s of old ages. the Natives were accustomed with their ain life style and beliefs. and all of a sudden. everything was stripped off from them. Even their personal individuality was taken off from them. The Franciscans provided each person with Spanish names which were to be used alternatively of their native birth names. “The missions were non agents of knowing captivity. but instead rapid and hence violent societal and cultural change” ( Archibald. 24 ) . The Native Americans ended up going revenue enhancement wage citizens along with being under Spanish flying 24 hours a twenty-four hours. seven yearss a hebdomad.
The Franciscans had really different beliefs and traditions from the Native Americans. The Native Americans were forced to change over their faith to Roman Catholics. The Native Americans were more of a “spiritual” group instead than a spiritual group. Alternatively of believing in personified figures. such as Jesus. they believed liquors lie within their nature. Native Americans feed their energy off of nature. They believed that they are protected by the Mother Nature that surrounded them. The Spanish used faith to explicate their actions. which made it ‘okay’ for them to change over the Native American’s beliefs because they were backed up by their God ( California ) . Every individual life and working at the Mission had to be officially baptized as a rite of transition. On Sundays and vacation everyone was obligated to travel to church and worship. The Natives were forced to memorise Catholic rites. vocals. and Bibles. Prayer lasted four hours on Sundays and feast yearss. On a regular footing on typical yearss. supplication lasted two hours.
Catholicity was a immense portion of life at the Missions. The Missions were surrounded by Spanish soldiers so everyone was watched really closely. Once the Native Americans accepted the Spanish life style. it was about impossible to get away. It was as if they were held against their ain will. A few beginnings compare the intervention of Native Americans to slavery ( Archibald. 48 ) . Slavery is defined as an economic development that benefits merely the slave-owner. In the California Missions. the Native Americans worked entirely to supply and keep a certain life style for the Spanish. Besides minimum nutrient and shelter. the Native America’s natural human rights were stripped from them. Native America adult females made vesture. prepared repasts. cleaned the suites. and whatever domestic jobs needed to be done at the Mission. Native American female parents even had to care for Spanish kids alternatively of concentrating on their ain ( Mission ) . The Native American work forces had to run for nutrient and construct new Missions. In add-on. they learned woodworking. leatherworkers. Smiths. and farm work. The Franciscans controlled their yearss into a strict agenda announced by church bells ( Archibald. 104 ) .
If the workers were non done with their undertakings by the bells of the church bells. they would endure major effects. The Franciscans did non see their actions as imprisonment because they believed that the Providence of nutrient and shelter compensates for Natives’ difficult work. In world. the Missions were non a topographic point to populate a life of easiness nor was it a topographic point to get personal luck and prosperity. The Native Americans were non worked to decease like the slaves in southern United States at this clip. However. the rigorous ordinance. cruel and unusual penalties and forced new traditions are highly inhumane Acts of the Apostless. Harmonizing to Julio Cesar. “When I was a male child the intervention given to the Indians at the Mission was non good at all. We were at the clemency of the decision maker. who ordered us to be flogged whenever and nevertheless he took notion” ( Mission ) . Every Mission had two priests. One priest’s responsibilities were to prophesy and learn about faith. The other priest’s responsibilities were purely on the work field.
He instructed and gave the Native Americans and other workers their responsibilities. The life style in the California Missions was set in a really strict agenda so it was about impossible for the Native Americans to take a interruption or get away the adversity. The Natives resisted colonisation after merely a short clip life and working at the Missions. There were a few deathly rebellions conducted by the Native Americans. They destroyed Mission belongings and even threatened to kill priests. The most ill-famed onslaught occurred in San Diego. On November 4. 1775. 100s of work forces wholly destroyed the Cuiamac Rancheria Mission of San Diego. The work forces besides killed three Hispanics. including the Father. Padre Jaime ( Sandos. 92 ) . In add-on. in 1824. another great Indian rebellion in California occurred at the Missions of Barbara. A big portion of the Mission edifice was wrecked by a big fire. On the same twenty-four hours. 100s of Native Americans attacked the Spanish guardians and soldiers.
Leaderships of the rebellion were badly punished. Seven were executed and the others were imprisoned or required to make even crueler labour. The Natives revolted because of their hapless intervention and forced labour enforced by the soldiers and Fathers ( Sandos. 73 ) . These rebellions were among the many others throughout the sixteenth century in the California missions. This proves that the Native Americans were ferocious about acquiring different beliefs and work forced onto them. The Spanish colonists caused a batch of wellness jobs to boom all throughout California. Soon after the reaching of Spanish settlers. diseases spread from Southern California to Northern California so Native American human deaths heightened. Highly infective diseases such as variola. rubeolas. and syphilis killed 1000s of Native Americans. particularly kids. so the Indian population dropped drastically ( Sandos. 64 ) . About 60 per centum of the Mission Native Americans’ decease was due to introduced diseases. In merely a few decennaries. the Native American population in California decreased from 310. 000 to about 100. 000. Since the California Missions held many abodes. people lived in such confined infinites which caused contagious diseases to distribute quickly.
In order to maintain the population at a steady rate for adequate workers. Mission leaders separated Native American kids from their parents to keep the children’s wellness to salvage them to work at the Missions as they got older ( California ) . The Natives were ferocious that their households were being separate. Mothers were non at that place to care for their kids. so the Native kids were on their ain. There was a deficiency of doctors to care for the ailment so non everyone could be helped. Diseases were non the lone ground why the Native population dropped drastically. They went through strict alterations in diet so their organic structures were non used to the nutrient they were eating. In add-on. malnutrition caused toxins in their organic structures. In add-on. the intense demanding manual labour is a factor that contributed to their inability to get the better of the illness.
Death rates were higher than birth rates so the Mission had to maintain enrolling different folks all throughout California ( Mission ) . By 1834. there were merely approximately 15. 000 Native American occupants in the 20 two Missions. The Spanish were merely in contact with the Native Americans for personal addition. The Franciscans maintained entire economic. societal. and political control all throughout California. Very few Native Americans chose to remain at the Missions voluntarily. During their clip at the Missions. they had to carry on rough labour and all of their rights were taken off from them. Although they provided the Native Americans with nutrient. shelter. and vesture. the Franciscans treated them like slaves. The Spanish’s engagement backfired since a bulk of Native Americans died due to illness. doing them about extinct. The physical and metal demands required were a major strain on the Native Americans.