Mental Illness Awareness Assignment Literature Review Obsessive-compulsive disorder is factor that affects the daily lives of many, especially in the twenty-first century. Through a questionnaire aimed to evaluate the true awareness of Obsessive-compulsive disorder In the modern day high-school, society may finally be able to take a look Into how educated In mental Illnesses todays children truly are. Such research Is essential. through these statistics It will help society analyze what approach it can take in order to educate the young in mental awareness.

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The education of the youth will be necessary to create leadership kills and understanding required in the “real world”, this way they will truly understand the issues that others, or themselves may be dealing with. Obsessive-compulsive Disorder Involves a series of obsessions (repeating thoughts, impulses, or Irrational thoughts that the Individual cannot control and compulsions (repetitive behaviors, rituals, acts, which push to control the effects of the obsessions) (Levchuck, Drohan and Kosek, 2000).

Obsessive-compulsive Disorder has been an illness plaguing humanity since the beginning of time; affecting roughly one to three percent of the general population, this rate almost doubles if sub-types of Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder are Included (, 2008). Although Obsessive-compulsive Disorder Is usually stereotyped with Just being excessively clean and organized, It Is a disorder that effects more than the eye can see (Stein, 2013).

A disorder Like Obsessive-compulsive disorder if left untreated can overwhelm the individual and take over the individuals like figuratively speaking, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is often a chronic, relapsing illness (National Institute of Mental Health, 1999). Disorders like obsessive compulsive disorder are classified under anxiety disorders, since the effects of the obsessions Increase anxiety, whilst the effects of the compulsions tend to decrease anxiety Like a game of tug-of-war (Stein, 2013).

As Stein (2013) explains ” The most common obsessions center around concerns of contamination, harm, hoarding, and sexual, somatic and religious preoccupations, while the most common compulsions include washing, checking, repeating, ordering, counting, and hoarding. ” Individuals whom display such behavior may or may not have Obsessive-compulsive Disorder. The main processes to evaluate Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder Is assessment of

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the symptom patters (I. e. extremely repetitive behaviors, thoughts etc. , severity, and level of functional Impairment (how Obsessive-compulsive Disorder affects their lives) (Stein, 2013). Important factors to also keep in mind when evaluating a patient with obsessive compulsive is the psychosocial factors that may have triggered symptoms of Obsessive-compulsive Disorder (Stein, 2013). There can also be organic causes to obsessive compulsive disorder, such as, brain damage, and chemical Imbalances within the normal functioning of brain circuitry, probably involving a part of the brain call the stratum” ( National Institute of Mental Health, 2000).

Another way to assess Obsessive-compulsive Disorder is through the study of brain patterns. Recent studies using a technique called positron emission tomography shows those with mental illnesses have different brain patterns than those who do not, interestingly as control of the illness progresses, brain patterns tend to appear closes to those of a mentally healthy person (National Institute of Mental Health, 1999). Assessment of an individual with such a disorder, requires consideration to all the above. The goals of treatment of OCD are to reduce symptom frequency and severity and to improve the functioning and quality of life. Treatment goals also encompass minimizing medication adverse effects, helping the patient develop coping strategies for their Obsessive-compulsive Disorder and related stress’s, and educating the patients family regarding the disorder and its treatment” (Stein, 2013). The initial treatment of OCD can arguably be either medication or psychotherapy, which both re often effective especially in combination (National Institute of Mental Health, 1999).

Several medications such as, flagstone,,, and are all found to help with Obsessive-compulsive disorder, although it strictly depends on which of the above “work” for the individual (National Institute of Mental Health, 1999). Initiating treatment with a medication is recommended for a patient who has previously responded well to another medication, prefers medical treatment, or is not suited for control based treatment (Stein, 2013). The approach of education does not “cure” the patient, but will “free” them to live a normal life while attending therapy when needed (Levchuck, et al. 2000). Another technique used to cure Obsessive-compulsive

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