Ottawa city.Capital of Canada
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Ottawa – capital of Canada and place of Carleton County, southeasterly Ontario, at the meeting of the Ottawa, Gatineau, and Rideau rivers. Its metropolitan country lies astride the Ontario-Quebec boundary line.
The first descriptions of Ottawa ‘s future site were written by the laminitis of New France, Samuel de Champlain, in 1613. The rivers served as passageways for adventurers and bargainers over the undermentioned two centuries. The Napoleonic Wars increased Britain ‘s demand for shipbuilding lumber, and the Ottawa Valley offered merely such resources. In 1800 an American, Philemon Wright, had begun timbering across the Ottawa River in what became the metropolis of Hull. During the War of 1812 between Britain and the United States, the Rideau provided the British with a safe transportation path from the Ottawa River to Kingston, on Lake Ontario, therefore spurring colony of Ottawa. It was hastened by the reaching in 1826 of Lt. Col. John By of the Royal Engineers to work on canalising the river, and the town became Bytown.
Ottawa might still be a modest metropolis had non political wrangles between Quebec metropolis and Toronto and between Montreal and Kingston induced leaders to name upon Queen Victoria to denominate a capital for United Canada. In 1855 Bytown was incorporated and rechristened Ottawa after the Indian folk. It became the fastest turning cities in Emergency Alert Systems
tern Canada, a development due mostly to the presence of the national authorities. In 1937 Prime Minister William L. Mackenzie King brought the designer Jacques Gréber from France to get down the renovation of the national capital territory.
The fur trade and pounding have diminished in importance, and industry now employs merely a little fraction of the labour force. The federal authorities is the major employer. Many commercial and fiscal associations from around the state every bit good as embassies and trade associations are besides located at that place.
Ottawa is served by both of Canada ‘s major railwaies and several air hoses. There is bus service throughout the metropolis. Navigation on the Ottawa and Rideau rivers, except for pleasance trade, is a thing of the yesteryear.
The major cultural Centres remain the metropolis ‘s three universities. The University of Ottawa and St. Paul University are bilingual establishments, whereas direction at Carleton University is wholly in English. A big community college, Algonquin, provides proficient preparation. Ottawa besides houses the National Arts Centre, which includes an opera house and two theaters, the National Library and Public Archives Building, the National Museum of Science and Technology, and the National Gallery of Canada. Pop. ( 1991 ) metropolis, 313,987 ; Ottawa-Hull metropolitan country, 920,857.