Ozone Layer Depletion

1 January 2017

This will cause humans suffering like skin cancer and UV radiation may kill plankton. CFCs will also cause global warming. We should take action to protect our ozone layer. We have to ban the use of CFCs products. United State have already signed a treaty to phase out CFC production, known as the Montreal Protocol. Besides, we should always unplug or switch off electronic instruments when they are not in use. We can plant trees as they absorb the UV rays and try to use products which are labeled ‘Ozone-Friendly’. In conclusion, we should start now to care for and save our earth.

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Introduction Ozone is a gas that occurs naturally in our atmosphere. Most of it is concentrated in the ozone layer, a region located in the stratosphere several miles above the surface of the Earth. Although ozone represents only a small fraction of the gas present in the atmosphere, it plays a vital role by shielding humans and other life from harmful ultraviolet light from the Sun. In fact, a major hole in the ozone layer above the Antarctica skyline now threatens the continent badly. There are plenty of causes and effects of ozone depletion, CFC emission being one. Findings

Factor of Ozone Depletion Human activities in the last several decades have produced chemicals, such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). It has been released into the atmosphere and has contributed to the depletion of this important protective layer. In fact, the most important cause which accounts for almost 80% of the total depletion of ozone layer in the stratosphere are CFCs. Beder (unknown) stress the ozone layer is being broken down by chlorine atoms from CFC molecules and bromine atoms from halons. These compounds are very stable in the lower atmosphere of the earth.

While in the stratosphere, they break down to release a free chlorine atom due to ultraviolet radiation. A free chlorine atom reacts with an ozone molecule (O3) and forms chlorine monoxide (ClO) and a molecule of oxygen. Now chlorine monoxide reacts with an ozone molecule to form a chlorine atom and two molecules of oxygen. The free chlorine molecule again reacts with ozone to form chlorine monoxide. The process continues and the result is the reduction or depletion of ozone in the stratosphere. Effect of Ozone Depletion

Therefore, these factors bring a lot of problem on our daily life. For examples, LensMan999 (unknown) stresses that the ozone depletion will lead an increase in the percentage of skin cancer and cataracts. In addition, figure 1 from the reference shows that the UV radiation may damage crops, kill plankton that serve as a food source for marine life. The human immune system also will be affected. CFCs may trap heat and thus contribute to the global warming. As ScienceDaily (2011) shows ozone hole linked to climate change all the way to the equator.

Solution on Ozone Layer Depletion September 16 was voted the world ozone day in the year 1994 by the United Nations General Assembly. This proves ozone depletion is a big issue that needs attention. Hence, we should be aware and actions must be taken to ensure that ozone layer is not destroyed. Firstly, we have to ban the use of CFCs product as it contains a lot of ozone depleting substances (ODS). But it is difficult to do so because so many products including refrigerator, air-conditioning, cleaning agents and so on contains this product.

CFCs would remain in the stratosphere for another 100 years if none we have taken for the problem. Developed countries like the United States have already signed a treaty to phase out CFC production. On the date of 16th September 1987, the Montreal Protocol to prevent ozone depletion was opened for signing. Villanueva (2010) explain that it is a testimony of what humans can achieve when they put their minds and strengths together to face a common threat. Montreal Protocol, 30 nations worldwide agreed to reduce usage of CFCs and encouraged other countries to do so as well.

By the year 2000, the United States and twelve nations in Europe have agreed to ban all use and production of CFCs. This will be highly significant as these countries produce three quarters of the CFCs’ product in the world. (Harankhedkar 2011) Many other countries have signed treaties and written laws restricting the use of CFCs. Companies are finding substitutes for CFCs, and people in general are becoming more awareness of the dangers of ozone layer depletion.

At last, The Montreal Protocol has resulted in stopping additional ozone loss and investigated by 300 experts ver 4 years survey on ozone depletion Earth Day was first observed on 22 April 1970. An estimated 20 million people nationwide attended this festivity which came the largest grassroots environmental Besides that, not only the government but also the residents have a role to play and avoid ozone depletion. We should always unplug or switch off the electronic instruments when they are not in use. We also are encouraged to walk and avoid using vehicles if we can. Simple measures like using public transportation instead of our own private vehicle will help a big deal.

We can plant trees from now as they produce oxygen and absorb the UV rays greatly. We can try to use products which are labeled “Ozone-Friendly”. We are suggested to use the renewable sources, for examples, wind, solar energy, and so on. D. Brack (1997) reminds the United Nations officers that they have a role to play to produce and ensure that the new equipment purchased is ODS-free. Conclusion As you see, most ozone depletion resulted from the human activities. Hence, we should always remind ourselves and raise awareness on the ozone depletion.

Making small changes in our habit can make a difference in our future. Although those CFCs’ product are making our lives so comfortable but we should start now to care for and save our earth. Recommendations Government should always take action. Not only to organize the “Earth Day” on 22 April but also to find the way of looking on the residents’ co-operation. Citizens should always support the government and do their own respond of how to protect our ozone layer. Companies should not use the ODS and turn to product that is ozone-friendly as many as possible.

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