Patriot vs. Traitor Trial Terms

Boston Massacre
Boston Massacre – March 5, 1770 when an angry crowd of poor and working-class Bostonians protested a British
soldier’s abusive treatment a few hours earlier of a Boston apprentice who was trying to collect a debt from the officer.
Shots rang out, and as a result, four Bostonians lay dead, and seven more were wounded, one mortally.
George Washington
George Washington – Commander of the American forces in the Revolutionary War (1775-1783), he presided over the Second Constitutional Convention (1787) and was elected President of the fledgling country (1789). He shunned partisan politics and in his farewell address (1796) warned against foreign involvement.
Albany Congress
When representatives of the seven colonies met to talk about relations with the Native Americans.
They delegates also endorsed a proposal for a colonial federation, the Albany Plan of the Union, based on the ideas of
Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Hutchinson.
George II
King of Great Britain from 1760-1820
Proclamation of 1763
issued by George II to assert direct British control of land transaction, settlement, trade, and other activities of non-Indians west of the Proclamation line along the Appalachian crest
Sugar Act
amended the Molasses Act of 1733, it reduced tax on molasses tho three-pence per gallon
Stamp Act
obliged colonists to purchase and use special stamped (watermarked) paper for newspapers, customs, documents, various license, college diplomas, and legal forms used for recovering debts, buying land, and making wills
Songs of Liberty
groups that the Stamp Act and often rebelled by destroying the property of the elites
Declaratory Act
affirmed parliamentary power to legislate for the colonies “in all cases whatsoever”
Revenue Act
also known as Townshend duties, it was passed in June and July 1767, and it taxed glass, paint, lead, paper, and team imported to the colonies from England
committees of correspondence
linked almost every interior community to Boston through a network of dedicated activists, members were responsible for exchanging information and coordinating measures to defend colonial rights
Lord Dunmore’s War
War between Virginians and the Shawnee and Mingo Indians in 1774. The two forces met at
Point Pleasant on the Virginia side of the Ohio River, and the Indians were defeated. During the peace conference that
followed, Virginia gained uncontested rights to lands south of the Ohio in exchange for its claims on the northern side.
Tea Act
eliminated all remaining import duties on tea entering England and thus lowered the selling price to customers
Lord Dunmore’s Proclamation
Lord Dunmore’s Proclamation – In November 1775, Virginia’s governor, Lord Dunmore, promised freedom to any able-bodied male slave who enlisted in the cause of restoring royal authority.
Intolerable Acts
Intolerable Acts – A series of laws that was made up of the Boston Port Bill, the Massachusetts Government Act, the
Administration of Justice Act, the Quartering Act, plus the unrelated Quebec Act. Intended by the British Parliament to
simply punish Massachusetts, the acts instead pushed most colonies to the brink of rebellion.
Continental Congress
group of representatives appointed by the legislatures of a dozen North American colonies of Great Britain
Olive Branch Petition
a “loyal message” to King George III from the Second Continental Congress that presented three
demands: a cease-fire at Boston, repeal of the Coercive Acts, and negotiations to establish guarantees of American rights.
Common Sense
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that advocated freedom from British rule
Declaration of Independence
proposed by the Second Continental Congress, this document proclaimed independence of the Thirteen Colonies from British rule
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