Josh Patterson Mr. Eggers History 9, Period 7 September 29, 2009 Paul Revere’s Ride Paul Revere was a silversmith before the Revolutionary War broke out. He was born in late December, 1734, to Apollos Rivoire and Deborah Hichborn. His father Apollos Rivoire came to Boston when he was 13, where he apprenticed under a local silversmith. He later had his name changed to Paul Revere before being married to Deborah Hichborn and had many children, one of which was the very famous Paul Revere known today. The younger Paul Revere apprenticed under his father as a silversmith and inherited his father’s shop when he died.
He served for several years in the French and Indian War before the Revolution as a second lieutenant of an artillery regiment. During the 1760s, Revere became involved with the Sons of Liberty, often crafting engravings for them. In 1770, Revere married Sarah Orne and had 8 children, though only 6 children survived into adulthood. In 1773 Sarah Orne died and Revere remarried to Rachel Walker, whom he had 8 more children with, 5 surviving to adulthood. One of Revere’s most famous engravings is his depiction of the Boston Massacre in which many British soldiers slaughtered a number of civilians on March 5th, 1770.
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Revere’s most famous act though, was his Midnight Ride during the Revolution. On April 18, 1775, Paul Revere was given the assignment to ride from Boston to Lexington to warn John Hancock and Samuel Adams of the British Regulars on the way to confiscate the militia’s armaments and arrest Hancock and Adams. Lanterns were hung in an old church bell tower to signal to colonists in Charlestown in case both Revere and his companion, William Dawes, were captured: One lantern if by land and two lanterns if the British took the water route.
On his ride to Lexington, Revere told patriots along the way, “The Regulars are coming out. ” to warn them of the coming British. Revere’s assignment was later depicted in the poem by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Paul Revere’s Ride. Paul Revere should be entered into the History Hall of Fame for his devout patriotism, mastery of silver craftsmanship, and influential roles in the Revolutionary War. Revere’s mastery of silversmithing is the reason he was first involved with he Sons of Liberty, engraving several political items for their use. Revere became increasingly involved with the Sons of Liberty until he was given his role in the Revolution. His masterpieces are still renowned by silversmiths today for their quality and value. His devout patriotism and stoic devotion to his country helped him rise quickly in the ranks of the militia during the Revolution. When he was captured during his ride to Lexington, he refused questioning and charges against the Sons of Liberty at gunpoint.
He then aided Hancock to escape from his home with his belongings and family, costing Revere his own home. His roles in the Revolution earned him many prestigious ranks and promotions during the war, such as Major of Infantry and Lieutenant Colonel of Artillery. His military career ended after the failed Ponobscot campaign where he was accused of disobeying orders from a commanding officer and was discharged from the military to be later cleared by a court marshal. His deeds are still told today in many different poems and books.