Peter Tchaikovsky

12 December 2017

Tchaikovsky is one of the most famous Russian composers. Born in May 7, 1840 in Bodkins, Tchaikovsky was the second son of a mining engineer. His musical Interests were supported by his parents and he was given piano lessons at the age of five. Three years later, the family moved from Pothooks to Moscow to SST. Petersburg due to the father’s unsteady Jobs. The move proved to be a gallants milestone In Tchaikovsky life; it had set the course for Tchaikovsky progress Into the musical world and his successes.

From September of 1850 to May of 1859,Tchaikovsky attended the School of Jurisprudence, a boarding school in SST. Petersburg where he received an excellent education and further pursued his interest in music. During this time, he continued piano lessons with Rudolf Sundering, a well known piano teacher, and Lugging Piccolo, an Italian master. Both teachers profoundly influenced Tchaikovsky, especially Piccolo who was one of the first to recognize his talent.

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Piccolo influenced Tchaikovsky admiration towards Rossini, Beeline, and Tendonitis who were popular Italian opera composers.Also at the raiding school, signs of Tchaikovsky homosexuality became apparent, although throughout his life, his homosexuality was kept quiet for the risk off scandal. After graduation, Tchaikovsky began to work as a call servant In the Ministry of Justice while also discovering a social life filled with theater, ballets, and operas.

But then In 1 862, Tchaikovsky enrolled in the SST. Petersburg Conservatory, resigning from the Ministry of Justice to focus on music. He studied theory and composition, piano, flute and organ under his principal teachers, Anton Rubberiest and Nikolas Cream.He also began to give private piano lessons of his own and composing his first few works such as Characteristic Dances that was conducted by Joann Strauss and String Quartet in a-flat major. In 1866, Tchaikovsky leaves SST. Petersburg to become a musical theory teacher and to continue composing. Soon, he began composing music in many deferent genres Including operas, symphonies, cantatas and ballets.

By 1869, he completed his first opera, The Avoid and by 1876, he completed his first ballet, Swan Lake, which Is still being widely performed to this day.But while he was becoming more successful having many premieres and travels, his personal life was becoming more less than perfect. The year 1877 was a significant time. In May, Tchaikovsky hastily married Antonio Malicious. His letters point to the evidence that he married to please his father and possibly society in escape of his homosexuality. Tchaikovsky had a difficult time adjusting; after leaving and coming back to his wife, he suffered a nervous attack and was unconscious for two weeks. He and his new bride separated two months later.

The marriage affected Tchaikovsky in his creativity and his music. Along with the devastating marriage, Tchaikovsky had also become financially independent after Endeared von Meek, his benefactress. During this time, he created great works that parallel his feelings of anguish: the Fourth Symphony and Eugene Nonage. While his earlier symphonies are generally more optimistic, the last three of his numbered symphonies, the fourth, fifth and sixth, are more Intense, dramatic, and of despair. Until his death In 1893, Tchaikovsky intoned to travel, compose, conduct, and made tours including one to America. Embodied into his national folk melodies with a western influence: “he united the symphonic thought of Beethoven and Schumann with the work of Gillian, and transformed List’s and Berliners achievements in depletive-programmatic music into matters of Shakespearian elevation and psychological import” (Wiley, 2006). In 1893, architraves composed his last work, the Sixth Symphony.

The first movement was concerned with activity and passion; the second on love; the third on experimented, and then with a striking finale of despair, anguish and death; all Ninth richness of melody and gesture.Nine days after the symphony was performed, in October 28, Peter Tchaikovsky died officially from cholera, but disputably from suicide. Tchaikovsky left to the world many works including two more popular ballets, Sleeping Beauty and The Nutcracker, ten operas, three piano concerti, six numbered symphonies, and other works for the orchestra, choir, solo piano and more. Peter Tchaikovsky was a talented composer who will continue to influence the Nor of classical music.

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