Philippine’s Open Sky Essay Sample

9 September 2017

Philippine Airlines. Asia’s foremost and oldest air hose. started its operations in 1941. Since so. the Philippines was opened up to foreign states and foreign trade. The Philippine Airlines opened up the state to touristry. It thrived from 1970s to early 1980s but during the mid-1980s. the touristry growing slowed down dramatically compared to other neighboring Southeasterly Asiatic states. Despite the Philippines’ immense caput start. it was left behind. How did this go on?

The Filipino authorities protected the Philippine Airlines for it to develop. They closed the state to foreign bearers and allowed PAL to monopolise the Philippine sky. Other Southeasterly Asiatic states opened their air space to foreign bearers to spread out their touristry industry and promote foreign invitees and investors to see while the Philippines restricted the figure of people who can come in the state. This action cost the country’s touristry industry to dawdle behind other states.

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Recognizing the error committed centuries ago. the Filipino authorities is now following the Asean Open Sky Policy. In 1995. Executive Order 219 was issued by then-president Fidel V. Ramos. This EO established the country’s domestic and international civil air power liberalisation policy. but it has merely been applied domestically. Back in 2010. during the term of Pres. Arroyo. EOs 500 and 500-B were crafted. EO 500-B liberalized the Philippine sky. allowing unrestricted entree to Diosdado Macapagal ( Clark ) International Airport and Subic International Airport to all foreign bearers without any demand for authorities appellation or bilateral air understandings.

Now. President Benigno Aquino III upholds the execution of the Pocket Open Sky Policy. On March 14. 2011. he signed and issued two new Executive Orders. 28 & A ; 29. EO 28 restructures the Philippine Air Negotiating Panel and the Philippine Air Consultation Panel. EO 29. harmonizing to Pres. Aquino. will ‘give teeth’ to EO 219 signed by former President Ramos.

Harmonizing to Philippine Civil Aeronautics Board ( CAB ) Executive Director Carmelo Arcilla. EO 29 purposes to ‘attract operators and promote direct services to our developmental paths. ’ EO 29 allows the Philippine air council to allow 3rd. 4th and 5th freedom rights to foreign bearers without bounds on capacity. frequence and type of aircraft and other agreements to and from any of the country’s secondary gateways. every bit long as it serves national involvement.

Secondary gateways are those international airdromes aside from NAIA that have Customs Immigration Quarantine Services ( CIQS ) facilties. Harmonizing to the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines. there are 9 airdromes ( NAIA excluded ) with CIQS installations. They are the Kalibo International Airport ( Aklan ) . Subic Bay International Airport ( Bataan ) . Mactan International Airport ( Cebu ) . Francisco Bangoy International Airport ( Davao del Sur ) . Laoag International Airport ( Ilocos Norte ) . Diosdado Macapagal International Airport ( Clark Field. Pampanga ) . Puerto Princesa International Airport ( Palawan ) . General Santos International Airport ( South Cotabato ) . and Zamboanga International Airport ( Zamboanga del Sur ) .

Upon execution of the pocket unfastened skies policy. any air hose from any state can run in any of the abovementioned secondary gateways. Likewise. the country’s local air hoses can besides run in the same manner as the foreign air hoses. This will so beef up the country’s touristry due to the addition of visitants traveling in and out of the state. In malice of the obvious advantage of the unfastened sky. local air hose operators are protesting against it. They say that the Philippines is non yet up for the unfastened sky and that it would kill the local air hose industry.

The inquiries now are. ‘Is the Philippines ready for the Pocket Open Sky? ’ and ‘What would the new policy contribute to the local touristry industry? ’ This paper will indicate out the different factors that show whether the Philippines is ready or non. This will besides include the pros and cons of the Pocket Open Sky Policy in the touristry industry of the state and the impact of the policy’s blessing or refusal in the country’s touristry.

First off. let’s start by reciting the grounds why the Philippines is ready for the new policy. One of the statements back uping the executing of EO 29 is that there is a batch of possible demand for air travel in the state. Harmonizing to SEAIR CEO and AIT Professor Avelino Zapanta. out of 100 million Filipinos. merely 16 million are going. The staying 84 million Filipinos are the mark of the unfastened sky policy. With more than ? of the population of the state non going. there are more than adequate riders for the domestic and international air hoses who wish to carry on concern in the state. Therefore. local industries will non decease merely because of the policy. They will if they choose non to vie with foreign air hoses and if they opt to go on carry oning concern as they do now. With high monetary values. low quality service. and hapless installations. no admiration travelers will take other air hoses. Besides. because of the Fourth and Fifth Air Freedom. the market of local air hoses additions. If the policy is implemented. local air hoses can besides provide to foreign travelers. hence increasing their market size.

Besides. out of the 10 international airdromes in the state. likely merely about 2 or 3 of them are being to the full utilized. The remainder are left underused or non used at all. The financess used in constructing and installations inside these substructures are every bit good as otiose money. But with the Open Sky Policy. these substructures can be utilized. supplying occupations for the locals and lending to the income generated from touristry.

Another factor that makes the Philippines ready for Open Sky is the increasing investings coming in from abroad. Since the economic system of the state is still endeavoring despite the planetary economic crisis. a batch of investors are attracted to put in the Philippines. They capitalize on tourism-related concerns and constitutions like hotels. resorts. and the similar. With the Open Sky Policy. even more foreign investors will be enticed to see and put in the Philippines because this policy will assist heighten the touristry industry of the state. doing it a safe and profit-generating investing.

Though it may look the Philippines is ready to follow the Open Sky Policy. there still some factors that make reviews raise a forehead and inquiry this logical thinking. One of the claims against Open Sky Policy is that the country’s installations and equipment is nowhere near the installations of other states. Take the airdromes. for illustration. Compared to the well-funded and well-maintained airdromes of other states. the Philippine’s chief international airdrome. Ninoy Aquino International Airport ( NAIA ) Terminal 1. was constructed manner back in the seventiess. Since the airdrome contributes to the visitors’ first feeling about the finish. rusty chairs and leaking ceilings would decidedly non ensue in a positive impression. NAIA Terminal 1 besides faces a batch of issues such as safety. deficiency of comfy seating. ill-mannered forces. hostile security. hapless installations. and graft. These issues placed NAIA Terminal 1 as the figure one worst airdrome in Asia and the world’s fifth for 2010. In position of that. if even the country’s chief international hub has meagre characteristics. what do the secondary airdromes have? The presence of CIQS installations does non do these secondary gateways capable and up to the criterions to be functioning flights. particularly international 1s.

Because of such issues and based on the conditions of the country’s touristry constitutions. it is undetermined if the Philippines has what it takes to vie on the same land as other states. It is besides dubious whether taking the limitations to foreign air hoses are truly a good thought.

If. nevertheless. despite the hapless status of the Philippine airdromes. tourers took the come-on of the policy and started coming into the state. another issue arises: Will the Philippines be able to set to the sudden inflow of tourers?

Let’s take Bali for illustration. the same illustration used by former DOT Secretary Alberto Lim when he talked about Open Sky. Harmonizing to Lim. the Indonesian authorities constructed huge roads in Bali to pull tourer but it is merely until they adopted the unfastened sky policy did tourers get down spurting in.

In this illustration. it may look as if Indonesia is all up for unfastened sky but there are really some Indonesians who are non for the unfastened sky. They argued that they are non yet ready for it since they have to first better their airdromes and other touristry substructures if they don’t want foreign air power participants to look down upon them. The same is true for the Philippines. NAIA 1 is manner worse than Jakarta International Airport but their locals think they need to better their substructures foremost before embarking for an unfastened sky. The Philippines needs a batch more betterment compared to Bali. Indonesia. If Indonesians think they are non ready for the unfastened sky policy yet. why would the Philippines think they are ready? If the Philippines truly make program to hold an Open Sky Policy. the authorities should foremost concentrate on edifice and bettering touristry substructures and constitution that will suit future tourers. Upgrading and heightening the touristry supply should be accomplished foremost for without these. the Open Sky Policy will non win.

Besides. one of the grounds why the state is non yet ready for the unfastened sky lies on the local bearers. They refuse to vie with other air hoses. Unlike Malayan Airlines who ventured to experiment new flight paths. the country’s local bearers prefer to lodge with the traditional. trusting on business communities who often travel for their ain concerns. They do non desire to seek things that will non harvest a definite result that will be good to them. Alternatively of puting on prospective paths. they would instead prevail with the usual channel that will perfectly convey them gross.

Another statement on the preparedness of the Philippines for the unfastened sky policy concerns the confidence of tourer reachings. Implementing the Open Sky Policy does non guarantee that more tourers will come to the state. There is no warrant that ‘opening the sky’ will do tourers take Philippines over any other finish. sing the issues and concerns faced by the state.

The Open Sky Policy. when applied. will hold a enormous consequence on the Philippines air power industry. Be it positive or negative. it is a given that the air travel in the state will ne’er be the same one time the Open Sky Policy is adopted. One of the disadvantages of the Open Sky Policy is related to the direction of natural resources in the state. Since there will be no bound on the capacity or frequence of flights when the new policy is implemented. there might be a instance where a finish is flooded with tourers. And with the sudden influx of tourers. locals and people making concern in the said finish may utilize up all their resources without believing because they want to provide to the demands of their invitees. They will non be able to pull off their assets good because they are overwhelmed by the sum of tourers in the country. Topographic points like these will endure from unsustainable touristry in the close hereafter.

Another negative consequence of the unfastened sky will be air congestion. The Open Sky Policy may do ‘traffic in the air’ a world. There will decidedly be air congestion in the state since more air hoses will be landing and taking off. This will besides take to more pandemonium and break of flights in airdromes like NAIA that are already over utilised. The Filipino air space will besides go prone to more air accidents because of the huge sum of aircrafts vibrating in it.

But. as a priest one time said. ‘there is ever something positive that will come out of something negative. ’ Therefore. the Philippines will besides profit on the new policy. On the positive side. the Open Sky Policy will promote competition. With the new policy. more air hoses will be able to entree the Philippines. And since local bearers would non desire to lose their market. they would contend against those foreign air hoses by either take downing their ticket monetary values or by bettering the quality of the service they are rendering. Either manner. the 1s profiting are the tourers and the locals. With cheaper menus and improved service. more tourers will be attracted to come to the state. International tourers will hold a greater opportunity of traveling to the Philippines because more air hoses will be holding Philippines as portion of their path. Domestic touristry will besides increase because more people will able to go more often because menus are cheaper. Even people who have ne’er travelled earlier will be able to go now because of lower monetary values. A wider scope of picks and travel chances is a large factor for people who are going.

Open Sky Policy besides helps in distributing out the tourers within the state. Since the new policy pushes for the usage of the secondary gateways in the state. congestion in Manila will diminish. Air and noise pollution in Metro Manila will besides diminish. Aside from the environmental benefit from it. distributing out the tourers into different parts of the state besides helps in exposing the unobserved beauty of seldom visited topographic points.

The Philippines will besides derive economically from the new policy because of the free market of merchandises. Since any air hose can set down in any of the country’s international airdrome without bounds on frequence or capacity. more merchandises and ladings can be transported into the state. Besides. with the lifting of duties and other add-on costs. there will be a freer flow of trade between the Philippines and other states.

All the above-named scenarios are about the Open Sky Policy being implemented but what if the policy is blocked? What if the resistance succeeded and the policy is discontinued by the authorities? What would go on to the air power industry of the state?

Well. for one. PAL will stay the biggest and most powerful air hose in the state. Ticket monetary values will go on to lift unreasonably and services offered will be every bit icky as usual. The Philippines will hold to be contented with holding a upper limit of around 5 billion one-year gross from the country’s 5 air hoses. go oning to dawdle behind the neighboring Southeast Asiatic states.

If the authorities truly wants to better the touristry of the state. Open Sky is non the lone option. The job is that the people involved in the air power industry do non develop or better their services and installations unless the demand arises. Sometimes. for things to better. a 3rd party demands to demo you what you need to better. Without the intercession of the said 3rd party. things will remain the same. At times. competition and the fright of losing besides act as a good motive for betterment. The same thing applies to the air hose industry. Before the authorities develops the airdrome substructure and installations. other states must foremost state them that they have the worst airdrome in the full Asiatic continent. For air hoses to better their installations and services. foreign air hoses must first demo them what they lack. And. with the fright of losing to other bearers. they will heighten and work on their defects. With this sort of outlook in the Philippines. Open Sky will decidedly be needed to assist force the state for the better.


Bordadora. Norman. “Aquino marks EO to follow ‘open skies’ policy” . Filipino Daily Inquirer. 2011. 03. 18. Gamboa. Ray. “Are we ready for ASEAN unfastened sky? ” The Filipino Star. 2011. 05. 16. Roa. Ana Mae. “Pocket unfastened skies. readied” . Business World. 2011. 01. 05. Rodis. Rodel. “Open Sky won’t solve the problem” . Filipino Daily Inquirer. 2010. 12. 02. Xinhua. “Phl to follow pocket unfastened skies policy” . The Filipino Star. 2011. 01. 04. Xinhua. “Philippines adopts implementing regulations on unfastened skies policy” . People’s Daily. 2011. 05. 06. “NAIA TERMINAL 1 FIFTH WORST AIRPORT IN THE WORLD ACCORDING TO ‘THE GUIDE TO SLEEPING IN AIRPORTS. ” PinoyHalo. 2011. 04. 13.

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