Philosophy of The Enlightenment
Basic political, educational, ethical ideas of Kant, Descartes, Hobbes, Locke & Bentham.
The Enlightenment is the period in European thought characterized by an emphasis on experience and reason, with a mistrust of religion and traditional authority, and the gradual emergence of the ideals of liberal, secular, democratic societies. The movement can be discerned in England in the seventeenth century with the writings of Francis Bacon and Thomas Hobbes; it is seen in France with the new emphasis on unaided reason as expressed in the works of Ren? Descartes. The full-flowing of the Enlightenment came in the eighteenth century, especially in France, Scotland, and Germany, where the philosophy of Immanuel Kant is particularly significant. The Enlightenment is associated with a materialist view of human beings, an optimism about human progress through education, and a general utilitarian approach to society and ethics. The U.S…
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