Policies are rules that are created by the government to make our country peaceful and progressive country. Policy evaluation is an efficient process for assessing the design, implementation and outcomes of public policies. Evaluation uses social science study of methods, including qualitative and quantitative techniques, to examine the effects of policies. The function of policy evaluation enables all participants in the policy process, including legislators, executives, agency officials and others, to measure the degree to which a program has achieved its goals, assess the effects and identify any needed changes to a policy.
Policies are revealed through text, practices, symbols and discourses that define and deliver values including goods and services as well as regulations, income, status and other positively or negatively valued attributes. Policies are not just contained in laws and regulations; once a law or rule is made, policies continue to be made as the people who implement policy – that is, those who put policies into effort – make decisions about who will benefit from policies and who will shoulder burdens as a result. For the government, policies are important to keep the country in harmony and peace.
Policy Evaluation Essay Example
One may say that policies are laws or rules and regulations implemented by a certain authority. In the case of the country, it can be the laws, proclamations, memorandums and administrative order issued by the government. The two main types of policy evaluation are formative and summative evaluation. Formative evaluation is examines the operation of the program, usually for the purpose of on the road to recovery the program and assessing its implementation. Summative evaluation is a method for judging the worth of a program while the program activities are forming in progress.
This part of the evaluation focuses on the process. Policy consideration is a rarely as simple as some politicians suggest. Policy-makers often want immediate information on policy effects, but many programs have long-term effects that will not be known in the short term. A bill is filed in the Office of the Secretary where it is given a corresponding number and calendared for First Reading. The first reading its title, bill number, and author’s name are read on the floor, after which it is referred to the proper committee.
Committee conducts hearings and consultation meetings. It then approves the proposed bill without an amendment, approves it with changes, or recommends substitution or consolidation with similar bills filed. The Committee Report with its approved bill version is submitted to the Committee on Rules for calendaring for Second Reading. Bill author delivers sponsorship speech on the floor. Senators engage in debate, interpellation, turno en contra, and rebuttal to highlight the pros and cons of the bill.
A period of amendments incorporates necessary changes in the bill proposed by the committee or introduced by the Senators themselves on the floor. Senators vote on the second reading version of the bill. If approved, the bill is calendared for third reading Some steps in how to evaluate policy. 1st learn the legislative history of the policy you’re evaluating, 2nd identify the key stakeholders in a policy, 3rdthis evaluation will include an overview of the policy, its goals and objectives, 4thcollect the data needed for evaluation, 5thanalyze the data, and lastly 6threport your conclusions based on the analysis.