Politics by Aristotle

Explication of ideas in Book III on types of constitutional govt., citizenship, purpose of state, social ethics.

As Western empiricism’s founding father, Aristotle argued forcibly, throughout his work, that truth is attained by moving from the specific (the facts) to the general (the conclusions). Nature does nothing without purpose (11; bk. I, ch. 1). Aristotle argues and he further contends that the investigation of everything should begin with its smallest parts (13; bk. I, ch. 2).

There could well be, therefore, no greater observer of life among the ancient Greeks than Aristotle. In his seminal essay on Politics (as translated from the Greek by H. Rackham), the philosopher derived his conclusions about proper government (484-633; bks. VI-VII) through an empirical analysis of the fundamental types of Greek political systems, meticulously setting forth the various forms and degrees within each type.

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