The most appropriate definition of environmental pollution would be the introduction of different harmful pollutants into certain environment that make this environment unhealthy to live In. The most common pollutants are usually chemicals, garbage, and waste water. Environmental pollution Is happening In many parts of the world, especially In form of alr and water pollution. The best example for air pollution are some of China’s cities, including capital Beijing, and the best example for water pollution is India with its Ganges river pollution problem.
When something is added o the environment which is very harmful, poisonous or fatal to the animal, people surrounding it and other living things is called as pollution. In simple term pollution is a contamination by a chemical or other pollutant that renders part of the environment unfit for intended or desired use. It is triggered by industrial and commercial waste, agriculture practices, day to day human activities and most notably, modes of transportation and many the other sources.
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Pollution has many forms; It may be chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light.
Alr pollution comes Into picture due to the accumulation of hazardous substances Into he atmosphere that danger human life and other llvlng matter. The most dominant player responsible for pollution Is automobiles; apart from that the other causes are Combustion of coal, Acid rain, Manufacturing buildings, Tobacco smoke, Paint fumes, Aerosol sprays, Nuclear weapons and wild fires. As far as effect of air pollution is concerned, respiratory diseases tops the chart of health problems. The second one is heart diseases, it caused due to increased level of carbon monoxide in the air.
In addition to that you can avoid a risk of Asthma, Eye Irritation and a range of bronchial disease due to air pollution. If statistics is to be believed, this year air population segment will count for 80% of premature deaths. The World Health Organization estimates that 2. 4 million people die each year from causes directly attributable to air pollution Water pollution causes due to the Introduction of chemical, biological and all sort of physical matter into large bodies of water that degrade the quality of life that lives In It and consumes It. We can blame fertilizers, pesticides, or petroleum derivatives for water pollution.
In addition to that the other contributors towards water pollution are Waste treatment facilities, mining, Pesticides, herbicides and ertilizers, oil spills, refiners, Failing septic systems, factories, Oil and antifreeze leaking from cars, animal waste, Soap from washing your car, house hold chemicals and many more to count. Another example of the tourist industry in being the cause of pollution is the water area. At Chin’ Lake (Tasik Chini), just so that ‘eco-tourists’ don’t have to get their feet wet, the Government built a dam at the river draining Pahang’s Tasik Chinl.
But now the dam has drowned thousands of trees surrounding the lake, threatening fisheries as well. In a cautionary tale of the times, Andrew Sla ho won the ICI-CCM Environmental Journalism Award (Honourable Mention) for his 1994 story, Damming the Lotus Lake, revisits Taslk Chinl to seek out the real picture behind the ostensible ‘tourist pampering’ rationale of the dam. Noise pollution Is the excessive noise that may disrupt the activity or balance of human or animal life. The aircrafts, and trains.
In addition to that the other causes of noise pollution are poor urban planning, the indoor noise caused by machines, building activities, music performances, and in some workplaces also. Solid wastes have a lion’s share among total pollution. Mainly it is composed of municipal solid waste (MSW), hazardous waste, plastic waste and E-waste. MSW also called as trash or garbage which is mainly composed of everyday items that are discarded by the public. Again MSW is of two types, biodegradable or recyclable and non biodegradable. The non biodegradable is more harmful in nature as it can’t be degraded.
Hazardous wastes always pose a great threat to an environment. Under RCRA in 40 CFR 261, hazardous wastes are classified into 4 categories viz. ignitability, reactivity, corrosivity and toxicity. Plastic wastes always pose a great threat to the environment. Due to its non degradable nature it always tops the chart in pollution. E-waste otherwise called as electronic waste, waste electrical and electronic equipment. E-waste comprises of office electronic equipment, television sets and refrigerators, discarded computers, entertainment device electronics and mobile phones.
All E-waste poses lead, cadmium, beryllium, or brominated flame retardants, which trigger the pollution. Now E-waste has been a global concern and all effort is being made to minimize it. Pollution always harms to harm to humans, pets, plants, trees, and aquatic life. Acid ain, Eutrophication, Ozone depletion, haze, global climate change, crop and forest damage are the major effect of pollution on environment. Pollution always takes away the balance of the fragile ecosystems of earth. Hence we should make all our efforts to control our a waste and not to throw it into the ocean or on the land.
Healthy environment is prerequisite of healthy life for us and our children, and fighting pollution is definitely the best way to keep our environmental healthy.