Population explosion speech
With the advancement of technology even some control has been made on natural calamities. Through all these measures though death rate has decreased but birth rate has not appreciably decreased. Thus, it will be seen that it is the high birth rate as compared to low death rate, which is the main cause of population explosion in India. In under-developed and developing countries the cost of living is increasing day by day. For an average person it has become extremely difficult to meet both ends and one remains always busy in earning his bread and butter.
Neither has he had spare money nor time to join clubs or other recreational facilities. He remains more attached to his family. For his recreation he indulges in sexual intercourse (for which no money is required) resulting into repeated conceptions and ultimately become helpless when his family grows into a large family. This leads to poverty and unemployment which results into immoral acts and encourage thefts, day robberies and even murders. When a young man or woman will remain unemployed and empty pocket he or she will indulge in such immoral acts.
Population explosion speech Essay Example
This state of affair is seen in a large section of young people. Causes of High Birth Rate: 1. Early attainment of puberty in girls generally upto 14 years of age. 2. Early marriage even at the age of 15 or below. 3. Poverty and low standard of living. 4. Illiteracy. 5. Lack of recreational facilities due to poverty. 6. Lack of awareness regarding methods of family planning. 7. Due to tradition, superstition and faith that the children are the gift of God and are not the result of man’s deeds.
This ideology and fate among depressed class in villages is responsible for a large family in poor man’s house. Population explosion is the most serious problem facing our country today. With 16 per cent of the world’s population, India is toady the second largest populations’ country in the world. As on March 1. 1991, when the last census was conducted, the country’s population stood at 846. 30 million, with 439. 23 males and 407. 07 females. The country’s population is currently estimated at about 950 millions.
The population growth has been extremely rapid in the last 50 years. The phenomenal growth is now more appropriately termed as “population explosion”. The phenomenal growth rate in population is largely because of the industrial and technological revolutions that had taken place in the recent times. The new technologies have not only brought down the death rate because of the vastly improved Medicare resulting in increased life expectancies, but had also facilitated increased food production to take care of food needs of the increasing population.
Though population explosion is a major problem being faced by several other countries too, with the world population estimated to reach 7 billion by the beginning of the 21st century, the problem is much more severe in India because of the increasing pressure on the limited resources of the country. With the growth of food grains not keeping pace with the increase in population during some years because of the unfavourable weather conditions, the specter of hunger hunts millions of households in the country.
Even when the country is fortunate enough to have a bumper crop, these hungry households do not have the economic strength or purchasing power to buy the required food grains. The phenomenal population growth exerts immense pressure on other basic necessities like education, health, housing, clothing, employment opportunities etc. With employment opportunities in the rural areas becoming scarce, population explosion is resulting in increasing migration of rural poor to the urban areas in search of jobs.
The increasing pressure on the urban areas is giving rise to more number of slums and this is multiplying the problems in the urban areas as health is the first casualty in slums. To check ill-effects of population growth on the socio-economic front, the Indian government had lunched the Family Planning Programme in 1951. This was later rechristened as the Family Welfare Programme. This programme promotes on a voluntary basis, responsible Planned Parenthood, through independent choice of family planning methods best suited to the people.
Though the Family Welfare Programme has resulted in significant declines in death rates and infant mortality besides almost doubling life expectancy, a lot more needs to be done if the population explosion is to be effectively checked. For this, we have to improve the literacy rate, female education and the socio-economic status of the families as population growth is directly linked to these factors. The fact that Kerala could make a lot of progress in checking population growth testifies to the impact of literacy on population explosion.
The government should also intensify its efforts to educate the people on the adverse effects of population explosion. The population explosion can be effectively checked only when the people are inclined towards smaller families. With increasing literacy rate and improved socio-economic status, the people can be educated to adopt a favorable attitude towards smaller families. When this happens, the population explosion can be checked. For centuries of human existence on this planet, our population has remained in proportion to the natural resources available and the other species that have existed.
But there has been a rapid increase in human population in the past century. This sudden spurt in human numbers is called population explosion . It is threatening the very existence of the earth. Population explosion is defined as a huge growth in human population over a short period of time leading to shortage of available resources on the earth. Population explosion today is one of the most serious problems the world is facing. A few centuries ago, the world’s population was less than 1 billion. Today two countries alone, India and China have more than billion each. The world population stands at more than 7 billion.
The main reason for population explosion is the lack of education and awareness among the poor in developing and underdeveloped countries. Most of the rural populations have no information and awareness about population control mechanisms. Also for the poor man, an additional offspring means and additional helping hand to take him out of poverty in the future. There are several reasons to rein in this monster called population explosion. The main factor however is the resultant shortage of natural resources. Countries natural resources like land, water and forests are limited. As population increases, these resources get depleted fast.
Also the governments of respective countries cannot cope up with the ever-increasing demand for man-made resources like houses, electricity, services like transport, health education etc. The result of this widening gap between demand and supply is clearly visible in most developing nations with excess population. The cities are crowded and filthy, the share of poor people is very high, and services are inadequate. The scramble for resources leads to disputes and wars. However there is a ray of hope that humans would definitely be able to put a check on population growth in the coming years.
Increased government and non-governmental efforts have led to more awareness among people about population control and in many places; these measures have yielded great success. Government measures like two-child policy, taxing people for an additional child, and rewarding people who adopt family planning measures, have really found favour with the poor. China’s population has already shown signs of stabilization, and India too, appears to follow suit in the next couple of decades. Once we find our way through this mess, the world will be a better place to live.