Population Policy and Enforcement

4 April 2015
A look at the effects that China’s population policy and its enforcement have on women in the Chinese family.

This paper presents a study of the effects of China’s controversial Strategic Demographic Initiative on women, both in the short term and the long term. Particular attention is paid to the one-child policy and to urban Chinese women. Prospects for development are considered as well.
” The argument over the existence of overpopulation has been spreading since Thomas Malthus lifted quill from paper after finishing Essay on the Principle of Population. Over the last fifty years, international population analysis has been highly concentrated on the South, where extreme poverty creates concern over population size. China’s aggressive population control measures have made it the darling of neo-Malthusian theorists and the enemy of several human rights proponents, including feminist organizations. Accounts of coercive measures employed to attain population quotas, as well as surveys and interviews, make it evident that Chinese policy in particular the one-child requirement has not yet gained widespread acceptance by women. The impact of the policy has been both positive and negative for Chinese women but, while it provides effective conditions for socialist development, it requires a greater process of democratization in order to reflect the needs of women in the family.”
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