The first theory that we will use for Poverty is the Conflict Theory. Conflict theory is defined as, “a theoretical framework in which society is viewed as composed of groups that are competing for scarce resources,”(Copyright © 2009 by James M. Henslin, pg G9). In other words the outside forces prevent individuals from achieving a desired goal or to live a certain way. When it comes to poverty, people would like to be involved in an upward mobility to have a better quality of life for their families or themselves.
The elements that prevent individuals to take this upward mobility from occurring are the limits that the upper class place on certain aspects of the chain, such as education, availability, jobs, etc. Lower class individuals are less likely to be able to stay in school, there will be some that have to work jobs in order to support themselves and their families. This limits job opportunities that these individuals will be able to pursue.
If this then turns into an issue, then the individuals are less likely to go to college, due to the fact that how are they going to pay for it. This is were Conflict theory plays a part, society sets these groups up for failure. This is to keep the levels apart and to keep those who benefit the most, to keep benefiting. Poverty and class are mentioned and the most important. This unfortunately is still something that social scientists see as a level of inequality. The second theory that we use for Poverty is Functional Analysis.
Functional Analysis is, “a theoretical framework in which society is viewed as composed of various parts, each with a function that, when fulfilled, contributes to society’s equilibrium; also known as functionalism and structural functionalism,” (Copyright © 2009 by James M. Henslin, pg G9). Functionalist argue that poverty is not as bad as it seems. Even though poverty is a social issue, it is not as abundant as it seems. So in lament terms, functionalists claim that if we take into account all of the available benefits that are for poor people then we would come to a conclusion that poverty is lower than estimation.
Individuals will be able to go to college, apply for grants, scholarships, aid, monies that do not have to paid back. Poverty from this perspective is just a way of life, and perhaps probably an incentive, encouraging everyone to work that much harder to promote overall well-being and possible social mobility. As for Functionalists there will also be a richer and there will always be the poor. As you can see both theories fit into Poverty, but they have different perspectives.