Psychoanalytic Personality

Sigmund Freud is probably the most recognizable name in psychology by both those in the field and those who are not. As the father of psychoanalysis he contributed a great deal to the field and to society as a whole. One of his major contributions would be based on this theory of personality. This theory, outlined in 1923, is based on the principal that the human mind consists of three levels of consciousness: conscious, unconscious, and preconscious.

Each of these levels of consciousness takes place in the personality structure divided into three elements called the id, ego, and superego. According to Freud, the disparity and development of the id, ego and the superego, determines an individual’s behavior in a given situation, which in turn results in the development of the personality (Rana, 1997). According to Freud, one’s experiences in childhood form the personality they have as an adult and is broken into five psychosexual years of development.

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These early years proceed through a number of stages. Each child undergoes the different stages.

These stages are the oral stage (first year of life), the anal stage ( second year), phallic stage (third through fifth year), a period of latency (from 6 to 12), and the genital stage (after puberty). Freud believed that as every child passes through these stages there might be a likely possibility that a child may spend more time in a particular stage then they ought to. This condition can lead to a fixation or an incomplete development of the personality. A critical event during the first five years of life is the experience of Oedipus and Electra conflicts.

Freud believed that both sexes encounter and must deal with these turmoil’s, which result from boys developing sexual attraction toward their mothers, and girls developing sexual attraction towards their fathers. A boy may have feelings of jealousy towards his father as he is an obstacle between him and his mother. And, they fear retaliation by their fathers if they are caught (fear of castration). Since the boy loves his father, these feelings are repressed and he begins to identify with the father, adopting his values. Similarly girls develop hostility towards their mothers, unconsciously blaming their mothers for not being equal with boys.

They assume that something is missing and feels inadequate (penis envy). What are two characteristics of these theories with which you agree? What are two characteristics with which you disagree? Describe the stages of Freud’s theory and explain characteristics of personality using these components. Describe uses of at least three Freudian defense mechanisms with real-life examples. Jung What are two characteristics of these theories with which you agree? What are two characteristics with which you disagree? Adler What are two characteristics of these theories with which you agree? What are two characteristics with which you disagree?

One of his major contributions would be based on this theory of personality. This theory, outlined in 1923, is based on the principal that the human mind consists of three levels of consciousness: conscious, unconscious, and preconscious. Each of these levels of consciousness takes place in the personality structure divided into three elements called the id, ego, and superego. According to Freud, the disparity and development of the id, ego and the superego, determines an individual’s behavior in a given situation, which in turn results in the development of the personality (Rana, 1997).

According to Freud, one’s experiences in childhood form the personality they have as an adult and is broken into five psychosexual years of development. These early years proceed through a number of stages. Each child undergoes the different stages. These stages are the oral stage (first year of life), the anal stage ( second year), phallic stage (third through fifth year), a period of latency (from 6 to 12), and the genital stage (after puberty). Freud believed that as every child passes through these stages there might be a likely possibility that a child may spend more time in a particular stage then they ought to.

This condition can lead to a fixation or an incomplete development of the personality. A critical event during the first five years of life is the experience of Oedipus and Electra conflicts. Freud believed that both sexes encounter and must deal with these turmoil’s, which result from boys developing sexual attraction toward their mothers, and girls developing sexual attraction towards their fathers. A boy may have feelings of jealousy towards his father as he is an obstacle between him and his mother. And, they fear retaliation by their fathers if they are caught (fear of castration).

Since the boy loves his father, these feelings are repressed and he begins to identify with the father, adopting his values. Similarly girls develop hostility towards their mothers, unconsciously blaming their mothers for not being equal with boys. They assume that something is missing and feels inadequate (penis envy). What are two characteristics of these theories with which you agree? What are two characteristics with which you disagree? Describe the stages of Freud’s theory and explain characteristics of personality using these components. Describe uses of at least three Freudian defense mechanisms with real-life examples.

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