Psychoanalytic Personality People have called Dr. Sigmund Freud one of the greatest psychologists of all times. Within a short period of time he had many others that were followers. Jung and Alder later join Freud and some people called them the three wise men. In my paper I will be comparing and contrasting the psychoanalytic theories of Freud, Jung, and Adler. I will also mention which two characteristics of theories that I disagree and agree with. Describing and explaining the stages of Freud’s can be quite challenging, but I’m going to try my best.
I will be giving real-life examples, when describing uses of at least three Freudian defense mechanisms. Freud was very into psychosexual development, one word that he loved to use was “Libido” (Latin word for desire and lust). According to Freud’s psychoanalytic theory it is the sexual energy that underlines psychological tension. Freud had different views on comprehending how people act. When comparing and contrast the psychoanalytic theories of Freud, Jung, and Alder are very different. Freud based most psychological things on sexuality.
Jung promotes the concept of archetypes, and Adler believed in the “will power” theory. Jung was different from Freud; he believed that dreams can reveal others motives than aggression and sexuality. Alder believed something different; he believed that dreams would tell how a person was living. Freud also believed that dreams had a meaning. Jung was never completely into Freud’s idea, so he left Freud to develop his own theory. Jung called his theory Analytic psychology to distinguish from Freud.
Jung was not focused on sex like Freud. According to Jung theory the mind has three parts, the first one is the conscious ego, the second on is the personal unconscious, and the last one is the collective unconscious. Conscious ego is personality that is conscious. Personal unconscious means the minds contains thoughts/feelings that are not part of the conscious ego. Collective unconscious is the third component, which is a deeper level of unconscious it is a combination of emotions symbols that are known as Archetypes.
Alder also worked on theories with Jung and Freud together, Freud was putting so much emphasis on sex, so Alder rejected his theory and started his own theory. Alder called his theory Individual Psychology. He believed in the unique motivations within one person. Jung liked Alder theory. Unlike Freud, Alder was very concerned with social conditions. The two theories that I agree with are Trait Theory and Theory Individual psychology. Traits theory was one of Jung’s, it address personality as many different qualities.
Theory Individual psychology that is one of Alder theory, which means each person, was unique in their own way and that before theory did not apply to all people. Two theories that I disagree with would have to be Psychoanalytic theory this belong to Freud, and Cognitive Theory. The reason why I disagree with Psychoanalytic theory is because you cannot base everything on sex, some people think about sex all the time some people don’t. I also disagree with Cognitive theory, you cannot base someone personality on their thoughts and emotions.
The stages of Freud’s theory are Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency and Genital stage. Oral stage occurs from birth until they are about one year old. According to Freud this stage occurs when infants turns to their mother breast to satisfy their drives of hunger and thirst. Anal stage occurs round the age two and three years of age, this stage happens when a child is going through toilet training. Phallic stage happens when the child is about four years of age. This stage focused on the genitals which come from sexual energy.
Children may sometime play with their genitals and may even masturbate according to Freud. Latency stage happens after the Oedipus conflict resolution and the feelings that come alone during the time they were making friends at school. Genital stage occurs at puberty, and this stage they began using genitals, and libido in its sexual role. Freud Psychosexual development theory was difficult to test; this theory was not experiment on children. This theory was developed from Freud patients. Freud theory basically focuses on sex and aggression.
Primary defense mechanisms includes denial and repression, it helps to keep offensive ideas from entering the conscience, which means defense mechanisms are ways we protect ourselves from things we don’t want to deal with. First we going to start with Neurotic anxiety is when the unconscious worry that they will lose control, and resulting improper behavior. The second one is Reality anxiety when you have fear of the real-world events. Kind of like you don’t want to be near a bulldog because fear that you might get bitten.
The third one is Moral anxiety it involves having fear of violating our own moral. To understand how each theory work you have to read them carefully to understand what they are about. Theories can be very hard to understand when you don’t know what you are looking at. When I started my paper I did not have a lot of knowledge on theories, but now that I’m done with my paper I understand the theories and why they gave some of them the names that they gave them. Some of them are still a bit confusing but once I read more about them I am pretty sure I will figure them out.
Some of the theories are very easy to prove some are not. Freud theory I did not like because he base his theory on sex. I really enjoyed reading about Freud Defense of Mechanisms now all of his other theory I don’t care. When Freud came up with the Defense of Mechanisms he hit it right on the spot. That’s actually how some people think in the real world. Jung theory was based on the mind, which was all right but the theory that I like the most was Adler theory, Individual Psychology. Adler was very concerned with social condition. (Schustack, 2009) (Crain, 2003)