Psychological and Psychophysiological Stress Disorders
Respond to the following:
1. Stress can be the root cause of psychological disorders. Name four symptoms shared by acute and posttraumatic stress disorders. The 4 symptoms shared by acute and posttraumatic stress disorders are nightmares or the re-experiencing of the traumatic event through a dream cycle, avoiding the situation that relates to the traumatic event on purpose, feelings of disassociation and reduced responsiveness to things that were once pleasurable, and finally Increased anxiety and guilt that causes a person not to sleep or possible emotional.
2. What life events are most likely to trigger a stress disorder? Acute stress disorder or ASD usually happens within four weeks of the event. Post traumatic stress disorder or PTSD can occur months or even years after a traumatic incidents and persist for a long period of time if left untreated. The trigger for both of these can include realistic fears and unrealistic fears; for example, murder or harm to a loved one, world ending, perceived threats, over exposure to negative media, robbery, death, and rape or just a few stress triggers that cause ASD and PTSD.
3. Traumatic events do not always result in a diagnosable psychological disorder. What factors determine how a person may be affected by one such event? The factors that determine a person’s resistance to traumatic events is their overall ability to handle stress and trauma and biology. With the issue of handling stress some individuals can psychologically be very strong due to their upbringing, influences, or oval determination. In the matter of biological a person’s brain chemistry can be affected by trauma causing an individual to have stress responses. Personality traits can be a factor causing a person to be highly resistant or susceptible to traumatic events.
4. What are the four stages in meeting the psychological needs of disaster victims?
First is pre-impact, this is the beginning when a disaster poses no immediate threat but prompts mitigation and preparedness activities. Second is impact, this is the period when the disaster event takes place. Third is post-impact, or the period immediately after the impact up to the beginning of recovery. Fourth and final is recovery, or the period in which disaster survivors are working toward restoration of their pre-disaster state. 5. What is the link between personality styles and heart disease? There are basically two different types of personalities, type A and type B. Type A basically tries to everything, usually aggressive, competitive, anxious and impatient. Type B is passive, happy and content. Most people have a healthy balance of both but if your personality is too much to the A side then your chance for heart disease is greater; the reason for this Type A personalities are stressed and most of the time overworked therefore their diets are not healthy and their sleep patterns are not consistent.
All these factors contribute to heart disease and other complications in the future. 6. List and briefly describe four psychological treatments for physical disorders. There are many different treatments being used to help individuals with physical disorders. Different form of medications and therapy is constantly being used. The psychological treatments noted that in my opinion seem the most effective is Hypnosis, Insight therapy and support groups, Cognitive intervention and Combination approach.
Hypnosis is used to put an individual in a sleep like state to help them remember lost events in their lives and analyze the past. Insight therapy reduces a person’s negative feelings like anger and helps them heal physically and mentally. Cognitive intervention, is training individuals to have happy and positive thoughts. Finally the combination approach is teaching an individual relaxation and biofeedback methods to help individuals; this is very helpful with individuals with high blood pressure.