Psychology Capstone

1 January 2017

Motivation, the theory of emotion and the approach and avoidance concepts will be addressed in this paper, as well as how the humanistic approach can be applied as it relates to motivation. Individuals are motivated by a diverse realm of reasons. Within the motivation theory, the ability to distinguish between introverts and extroverts can be easily determined. Often gregarious outgoing individuals shine in social settings.

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If we use the Big Five Model, as a guide to distinguish introverts and extroverts, gauging neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness and conscientiousness we can more openly identify with which side of our personality best represents us and individuals. It is a tool that is important when diagnosing an patient in therapeutic settings. Ultimately, we need motivation for survival. For if we are not motivated we can not fend for ourselves, outwit or draw from inner experiences and strengths to forge ahead.

With approach and avoidance, we have a ying/yang phenomenon. As humans, generally we avoid situation that are comfortable, can be dangerous and therefore we protect ourselves from mitigating factors that can cause use mental anguish and personal harm. Approach is used on a daily basis to boost our ego, stabilize ourselves in the most positive outcomes and engage in positive experiences that bring us pleasure and satisfaction. “The distinction between approach and avoidance is fundamental and integral to study the affect, cognition, and behavior. ” (Elliot & Thrash, 2002, p. 04) Within diversity we must divulge psychodynamic perspectives that are intrinsic to human motivation. Diversity relies on critical thinking and processing. For it is not a stale substitute of homogenized theories, but a melting pot of reflective social, cultural, structures of values that combine to make a stronger theory within motivation. We are able to set and achieve goals that we internalize or externalize. For some intentions are alone enough to motivate them, while others need an accomplished specific task to boost their internal self.

Being able to use the two categories within motivation, “a desire for future relationship incentives and rewards and avoidance commitment is a desire to avoid the negative consequences or costs of relationship dissolution. ” (Strachman & Gable, 2006, p. 1) Diversity strengthens motivation for diversity includes survival of the fittest theories, much like motivation which is essential to our human survival and mental health. Regarding other disciplines that motivation can be applied to can include virtually any theory, like Behaviorism, Cognition, Existentialism, to name a few.

With motivation/behaviorism, the need to complete a mental process that can be a positive or negative can be overwhelming. For example, if you are on a diet and your motivation is part internal or external. With behaviorism, motivation (approach or avoidance) while you are dieting, mental processes can affect how we behave in a certain situation. Can we use operant or classical conditioning to diet, will I need to pull lever or pop a pill to train my brain to signal my body to not want to eat. Motivation is strong, motivation, though it may be is a strong motivator to keep going.

Depending on mental stability and the willingness to succeed, motivation can be an overwhelming internal feeling that can guide behavior to achieve a wide range of goals. Humanistic psychology encompasses a holistic approach to human motivation. Why we do what we do, the meaning of what we want, the freedom to choose the right path that can lead to self-actualization is a motivating factor to achieve human potential. Motivation can be applied through the humanistic approach for it requires intrinsic and extrinsic reasons for human existence.

Our consciousness motivates us to process mental issues which is easily interpreted through the humanistic approach. To the core of human existence, the humanistic approach, especially based on Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is inclusive with motivators to help propel us to develop into the best possible person we can be. I am on welfare and must complete a number of hours as an activity that results in either paid or unpaid hours per week. I must complete a total of 35 hours of work. Havin written all of this, I conclude with my psychological contributions.

I am better equipped to help those around me, at the counseling center where I volunteer, because I have gained so much knowledge from my studies. Patience is now given, where before I may have been less likely to give, for now I am more aware of human motivation, mental processes and mental anguish that people suffer through and need someone to relate to help them feel relief and feel human again. Something I try to do every day, while living on the welfare system, being treated like problem, and not a human.

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