Questions and Answers

Describe purpose and benefits of organising data so that it can be analysed. The purposes and benefits are so that it is easy to read, data is easy to find, and can be analysed more efficiently and effectively. The data can then be manipulated to fit our purpose of any request; this is then quicker to action any requests regarding the data. 1. 2Explain how to evaluate the relevance, validity and reliability of data. To evaluate the relevance of data you need to go back to why you retrieved the relevant data.

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If your end result answers the question then you know that you have retrieved relevant data. To evaluate the validity and reliability of the data you can compare it to your own personal knowledge or someone else’s in the team. Alternatively, you can see if this information has ever been retrieved previously, if so, where the results the same? 1. 3Explain how to analyse and prepare researched data so results will be accurate and free from bias You can be self-critical of the data asking yourself whether it reflects the reality or not.

Also, you could have someone work on the same query completely separate to yourself and see if your outcomes match. If they are different then you will know that one of the outcomes is inaccurate and biased. Depending on the different types of information, you have no guarantee that it is accurate and free from bias. Also, depending on the type of information, you want to make sure it is no way discriminatory. 1.4Explain the differences between quantitative and qualitative research methods Two types of research methods are quantitative and qualitative. Quantitative research is data which is numerical or can be used mathematically. Qualitative research is data which is pictorial such as graphs or presentations. Qualitative research data is useful to explain to others the outcome of the information whereas quantitative research is difficult to understand at an initial glance. 1.

5Explain the differences between primary and secondary research methods Two other types of research methods are primary and secondary. Primary is research that you personally have created whereas secondary research is research someone else has created. With primary research methods, you research the data yourself and you know how accurate it is and whether it’s biased or not. With the secondary research method you don’t know how accurate it is or whether it is biased or not, although the secondary research method could have been usedby a person who may have better facilities than you to produce more accurate results whereas in the primary research method, you may not have many facilities at your disposal. 1. 6Describe how to search for relevant data sources There are many ways of searching for relevant data sources such as the internet, books, previous reports and speaking to the team. However, you must take in to account how long it will take to research these different sources, whether they are available and how accurate they are.

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