The fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan shifted his Capital from Agra to Delhi and established ShahJahanabad. He built the Red Fort or the Lal Qila and it served as the capital of the Mughals till 1857 after which the last Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled. Originally known as ‘Qila-i-Mubarak’, the Red Fort was built using red sandstone and is surrounded by a moat on all sides. It has two main gateways – The Lahori Gate and the Hathi Gate. The Chatta Chowk is located immediately after the Lahori Gate. It has arcaded apartments on either side that serve as shops.
Back in Shah Jahan’s time, these shops provided the rich households with silk, brocades, velvets, gold, silver, gems and Jewelry. The Red Fort often imparts a sense of National pride. On the 15th of August, 1947, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, delivered his renowned speech “Tryst With Destiny” and hoisted the tricolour flag. Every Independence day, the incumbent Prime Minister delivers a speech from the Red Fort. Ever since, the Red Fort has come to symbolise India’s struggle for freedom. The Swatantra Sangram Museum located inside the Red Fort provides the visitors with a glimpse of our Independence struggle.
Diwan-l-Aam literally translates into the ‘Hall Of Public Audience’. This was the place where emperor Shah Jahan recieved the general public and heard their grievances. It had a courtyard which was originally surrounded by arcaded apartments used by Umaras or chiefs on duty. In the centre of the eastern wall, stands a marble canopy under which was placed the emperor’s throne. Behind the canopy, the wall is decorated with beautiful panels nlaid with multicoloured stones said to have been executed by a Florentine Jeweller.
The Hammam or the Royal Bath was the favourite resort of the Mughal Emperors. It consisted of three main apartments separated by corridors. The two rooms on either side are believed to have been used by the children. The apartment on the river side was a dressing room, containing two fountain basins with one for ‘rose water spray’. The western chamber was used for hot or steam bath. The baths consisted of a complex water system with miniature tanks sunk Into the wall with a series of pipes. Rang Mahal was the Palace Of Colours.
It consisted of a large hall, originally painted on the Interior from which It derives Its name. Through the centre along Its length flowed the channel known as ‘ Nahr-l-Blhlsht’. Nahr-l-Blhlsht or the Canal of Paradise was an Important feature of the fort In providing a continuous supply of water distributed throughout the gardens and Interiors and served Ilke alr conditioners. Mumtaz Mahal Is named after Shah Jahan’s beloved Queen Mumtaz. It Is situated at the southern end of the row of royal palaces along the eastern wall with the Nahar-l-
Blhlsht flowing through It. It was used as a military prison by the British after the revolt of 1857 owing to which Its original appearance has been altered. The Red Fort Imbibes the splrlt of the Mughal Era and Is a llvlng legacy of India’s Golden Times and serves as an embodiment of our enchanting heritage. The colossal fort combined with Its exquisite architecture manage to recreate the feel of the Mughal period. Even more than 300 years after Its construction, It continues to symbolise the seat of power. By Raghavi96 and established Shah]ahanabad.
He built the Red Fort or the Lal Qila and it served as complex water system with miniature tanks sunk into the wall with a series of pipes. on the interior from which it derives its name. Through the centre along its length flowed the channel known as ‘ Nahr-i-Bihisht’. Nahr-i-Bihisht or the Canal of Paradise was an important feature of the fort in providing a continuous supply of water distributed throughout the gardens and interiors and served like air conditioners. Mumtaz Mahal is named after Shah Jahan’s beloved Queen Mumtaz.
It is situated at the southern end of the row of royal palaces along the eastern wall with the Nahar-i- Bihisht flowing through it. It was used as a military prison by the British after the revolt of 1857 owing to which its original appearance has been altered. The Red Fort imbibes the spirit of the Mughal Era and is a living legacy of India’s Golden Times with its exquisite architecture manage to recreate the feel of the Mughal period.