Rel 134 Islamic Worksheet
University of Phoenix Material Islam Worksheet When studying Islam, it is important to understand the essential elements of the faith, how they are practiced, and the distinctions among the three branches: Shiite Islam, Sunni Islam, and Sufism. Write a 1- to 2-paragraph response for each of the following directives and note where there are differences among the three branches of Islam. 1. Explain the meaning of the name, Islam. The name Islam literally means “surrender,” or “Submission. ” The idea behind this name is the complete surrender or submission to God (Allah).
The word Muslim means one who surrenders to Allah. The words Islam and Muslim are closely related to the word “peace. ” The words of Islam and Muslim propose the inner tranquility that is achieved with the surrendering to the divine. Islam teaches that all religions originally had the same essential message – which was to submit whole-heartedly to the will of God and to worship Him and Him alone. For this reason, Islam is not a new religion but is the same divinely revealed Ultimate Truth that God revealed to all prophets, including Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus.
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The word “Islam” means peace and submission. Peace means to be at peace with you and your surroundings and submission means submission to the will of God. A broader meaning of the word “Islam” is to achieve peace by submitting to the will of God. 2. Explain the basic concepts of Islam. The Islamic belief is based off of an almighty, magnificent God who has fashioned the world and who controls each and every part of the world down to the smallest detail.
Islam is considered to be closely related to the other monotheistic religions of Judaism and Christianity, and all three religions worship the same God. The idea of God’s power receives the greatest importance in Islam. The most basic concept of Islam is that there is only one God. Since there is only one God, only this God has the right to be worshipped. None other can be worshipped. No idols or deities. No statues. 3. Describe the practices of Islam. The Five Pillars of Islam are the framework of the Muslim life.
All Muslims must accept and practice the following Five Pillars, so called because they support one’s faith. The Five Pillars are specifically mentioned in the Qur’an. The 5 pillars of Islam 1. Kalima: The believe in the Kalima, which is an Arabic recital that when translated in English, means, “There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his messenger” 2. Prayers: To worship God 5 times a day 3. Charity: To give money in charity as often as you can. 4. Fasting: To fast during the Islamic calendar month of Ramadan. 5.
Hajj: To carry out a pilgrimage to Makkah (Mecca) and Madinah (Medina) at least once in a lifetime if you are able-bodied and can afford it. 4. Describe the goals of Islam. 5. Describe the view of authority in Islam. The Qur’an serves as the primary source of information and authority for Muslims, much as the Bible does for Christians. With this in mind, evaluate Islam’s historical influences on law, philosophy, and the arts in the Muslim world. Write a 1- to 2-paragraph response for each of the following questions.
Provide examples to illustrate your thinking. 1. What is the legal ideal in Islamic law? How does the Qur’an inform and guide Muslims in attaining this ideal? 2. What is the relationship between philosophy and theology within Islam? Is it acceptable for Muslims to hold separate philosophical and theological beliefs? 3. What artistic themes are regularly expressed in Islamic art and architecture? How are these themes explored? How has the Qur’an influenced the development of art in the Islamic world?