Religion and Isolation in the Stranger and Chronicle of a Death Foretold Essay Sample
Religion is a major foundation for many civilizations. It is present wholly over the universe in many different forms and signifiers. But all faiths have one thing in common. communality. Naturally. with rites such as fold people of faith are brought together. This community worships together. but this relationship extends further than the confines of a church. Members of the same church. or faith. have the same nucleus values. and these commonalties result in a community that would non hold otherwise existed. When there is a neglect for faith. there is a loss of community and therefore a measure towards isolation. This is best seen through the comparing of The Stranger. by Albert Camus. and Chronicle of a Death Foretold. by Gabriel Garcia Marquez. In The Stranger. the chief character exhibits an huge neglect for faith ; coincidently this individual is really much alone in the novel. In Chronicle of a Death Foretold. the chief character is an devouring follower of his faith ; and such. he is a member of the community and has many relationships with other members of the community.
In The Stranger. the chief character Meursault is really distanced from faith. It is revealed that Meursault has ever been without religion when the reader learns that Meursault’s female parent “Maman had ne’er in her life given a idea to religion” ( Camus 6 ) . With a female parent whom didn’t attention for faith. it would hold been impossible for Meursault to pattern. allow alone accept. any faith. His distance from faith is seen throughout the novel. At the really beginning of the novel. during his mother’s funeral. Meursault’s distance from faith is seen by the existent order of the funeral emanation. Meursault describes the order of the emanation as follows. “First came the priest. so the hearse. Flanking it. the four work forces. Behind it. the manager and myself” ( 15 ) . The simple imagination of this event showcases Meursault’s withdrawal from faith. In the funeral emanation. he is as far off as possible from the priest. The priest is taking the emanation. and Meursault is at the very terminal of the emanation. This image of separation between Meursault and the priest shows Meursault’s distance and indifference to faith.
This distancing from faith can besides be seen at the very terminal of the novel. When Meursault is entirely in his prison cell expecting his executing. the chaplain comes to see him. “he sat down on my bunk and invited me to sit following to him. I refused” ( 116 ) . Here once more Meursault is dividing himself from faith. He is given the opportunity to confide and atone with this priest. but alternatively he impolitely refuses. The tone here shows Meursault’s neglect for faith. Although the priest was at that place for a “friendly visit” . Meursault is cold and indurate towards him ( 116 ) . Meursault doesn’t reject the priest’s friendly moves because he is sick tempered. he does so because he “had merely a small clip left and [ he ] didn’t privation to blow it on God” ( 120 ) . Seen here. Meursault’s temper is cranky as he believes the priest is blowing his cherished clip. Last. Meursault’s distance from faith is best seen through the moniker the magistrate gives to Meursault. “Monsieur Antichrist” ( 71 ) . Giving Meursault a name that is the antonym of anything holy farther demonstrates his separation from God and faith. All of these inside informations come together to demo that Meursault has a blazing neglect for faith.
Meursault’s neglect for faith can besides be seen through his actions. For illustration. Meursault has plentifulness of prenuptial sex with his girlfriend Marie. In Catholicism for case. prenuptial sex is frowned upon. Meursault’s actions clearly devalue these facets of faith. Minute inside informations throughout the book besides offer insight into Meursault’s ideas on faith. One twenty-four hours. after passing the dark with Marie. Meursault “remembered that it was Sunday. and that bothered [ him ] : [ he doesn’t ] like Sundays” ( 21 ) . Sunday is the lord’s twenty-four hours and Meursault’s disfavor of this twenty-four hours is due to Meursault’s disfavor of faith. Very different from Meursault. Santiago Nasar. the chief character in Chronicle of a Death Foretold. is really much a adult male of faith. Santiago’s regard for faith is seen in the first sentence of the novel. “Santiago Nasar got up at five-thirty in the forenoon to wait for the boat the bishop was coming on” ( Marquez 3 ) . Santiago’s dedication is seen through the fact that he is lifting at such an early hr to see a Catholic authorization figure. Besides. he “put on a shirt and bloomerss of white linen… It was his garb for particular occasions” ( 5 ) .
The act of have oning apparels specific for this juncture shows Santiago’s regard for faith. The importance of faith in Chronicle of a Death Foretold is non merely in relation to Santiago. His whole community values faith. For illustration. when Angela Vicario and Bayardo San Roman wed. they wed in a church with “floral ornaments equal in cost to those for 14 first category funerals” ( 42 ) . The flowers entirely show the importance of matrimony. which in itself is a spiritual establishment. Even more of import is the pureness of the bride. After being returned to her female parent by Bayardo San Roman. Angela says her female parent “was keeping [ her ] by the hair with one manus and whipping [ her ] with the other with such fury that [ she ] thought [ her female parent ] was traveling to kill [ her ] ” ( 46 ) . The image of a female parent crushing her grownup girl is reasonably powerful. One must hold done something really incorrect to have this penalty. In Santiago’s society. prenuptial sex elicits such a response. All in all. it is clear that faith is an of import portion of this society.
Furthermore. Santiago’s slaying is postponed for an hr because of his relationship with God. At first the Vicario twins planned to kill Santiago as he came out of his house to go to the bishop’s reaching. But. Clotilde Armenta stalls them by stating. “‘For the love of God. … Leave him for subsequently. if merely out of regard for his grace the bishop’” ( 16 ) . Here. Santiago’s regard for God is reciprocated as this regard gives him another hr to populate. Without his religion. there would hold been no ground to prorogue his slaying. When comparing the lives of Meursault and Santiago. a certain truth becomes apparent. Meursault is really stray in his life. His relationship with his female parent was distant. and his lone friends are his neighbours. Meursault’s isolation can be seen through his actions. Even in the beginning of the fresh Meursault is seen as a alone individual. When Meursault is on a coach to travel to his mother’s funeral. a soldier asks him if he had been “traveling long” . Meursault responds “ ‘yes. ’ merely so [ he ] wouldn’t hold to state anything else” ( Camus 4 ) . Meursault has no involvement in other people and he tries to detach himself from them. Even with his lover. Marie. Meursault is immune to a deeper relationship. “she asked me if I loved her. [ Meursault ] told her it didn’t average anything but that [ he ] didn’t think so” ( 35 ) . Even in Meursault’s description he is described as “taciturn and withdrawn” ( 66 ) .
These illustrations illustrate Meursault’s disjunction and isolation from everyone else in the novel. Santiago on the other manus is a valued member of his household. and he has many friends whom tried to salvage him from his destiny. Santiago’s sister describes him as “ ‘handsome. a adult male of his word. and with a luck of his ain at the age of twenty-one’” ( Marquez 18 ) . Here. Santiago’s sister gives grounds as to why he is successful with adult females. This description proves that Santiago has the ability to set up relationships good. Besides. within his household. Santiago is really cared for. When word of the slaying reaches his household. the youngest brother. “touched by the breath of calamity. began to weep” ( 23 ) . Last. after hearing of the twins’ program. Santiago’s female parent attempts to salvage him. “she quickened her measure. with the finding she was capable of when there was a life at stake” ( 23-24 ) .
Unfortunately. Santiago had already been murdered at this point. Meursault is detached from faith and therefore dies entirely. Although Santiago. besides dies. he died as a loved member of his household and as a friend to many. Religion has the ability to convey people together. Without it. Meursault dies as a really stray individual. Contrastingly. Santiago dies as a loved member of the community and household. Though faith can non be the exclusive ground for Meursault’s isolation. or Santiago’s lack thereof. it is of import for these connexions to be drawn. The effects of faith do so widen beyond religion and spiritualty. Religion brings people together. and without it. it is possible to distance oneself from others.
Camus. Albert. The Stranger. 1942. Trans. Matthew Ward. New York: Vintage-Random. 1989. Print.
Garcia Marquez. Gabriel. Chronicle of A Death Foretold. 1981. Trans. Gregory Rebassa. New York: Vintage-Random. 2003. Print.