Report on Avatar Movie
————————————————- Contents INTRODUCTION3 ?CAST OF THE MOVIE:4 ?FILIMING:5 ?VISUAL EFFECTS:5 ?ACCOLADES:6 ?CRITICAL RECEPTION:6 SUMMARY7 REFERENCES8 INTRODUCTION Avatar is a 2009 American epic science fiction film written and directed by James Cameron, and starring Sam Worthington, Zoe Saldana, Stephen Lang, Michelle Rodriguez, Joel David Moore, Giovanni Ribisi and Sigourney Weaver. The film is set in 2154, when humans are mining a precious mineral called unobtanium on Pandora, a lush moon of a gas giant in the Alpha Centauri star system.
The expansion of the mining colony threatens the continued existence of a local tribe of Na’vi—a humanoid species indigenous to Pandora. The film’s title refers to the genetically engineered Na’vi-human hybrid bodies used by a team of researchers to interact with the natives of Pandora. Development on Avatar began in 1994, when Cameron wrote an 80-page scriptment for the film. Filming was supposed to take place after the completion of Cameron’s 1997 film Titanic, for a planned release in 1999, but according to Cameron, the necessary technology was not yet available to achieve his vision of the film.
Work on the language for the film’s extraterrestrial beings began in summer 2005, and Cameron began developing the screenplay and fictional universe in early 2006. Avatar was officially budgeted at $237 million. Other estimates put the cost between $280 million and $310 million for production and at $150 million for promotion. The film was released for traditional 2-D viewing, 3-D viewing (using the RealD3D, Dolby 3D, XpanD 3D, and IMAX 3Dformats), and “4-D” viewing. The stereoscopic filmmaking was touted as a breakthrough in inematic technology. Avatar premiered in London on December 10, 2009, and was internationally released on December 16 and in the United States and Canada on December 18, to critical acclaim and commercial success. The film broke several box office records during its release and became the highest-grossing film of all time in the U. S. and Canada and also worldwide, surpassing Titanic, which had held the records for the previous 12 years. It also became the first film to gross more than $2 billion.
Avatar was nominated for nine Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director, and won three, for Best Cinematography, Best Visual Effects, and Best Art Direction. The film’s home release went on to break opening sales records and became the top-selling Blu-ray of all time. Following the film’s success, Cameron signed with 20th Century Fox to produce two sequels, making Avatar the first of a planned trilogy. * CAST OF THE MOVIE: * Sam Worthington as Corporal Jake Sully. Sully is a disabled former Marine and the film’s main protagonist. He becomes part of the Avatar Program after his twin brother is killed.
His military background helps the Na’vi warriors relate to him. Cameron cast the Australian actor after a worldwide search for promising young actors, preferring relative unknowns to keep the budget down * Stephen Lang as Colonel Miles Quaritch. Quaritch is the head of the mining operation’s security detail and the film’s main antagonist. Fiercely loyal to his military code, he has a profound disregard for Pandora’s inhabitants that is evident in both his actions and his language. Lang had unsuccessfully auditioned for a role in Cameron’s Aliens (1986), but the director remembered Lang and sought him for Avatar. Sigourney Weaver as Dr. Grace Augustine. Augustine is an exbiologist and head of the Avatar Program. She mentors Sully and is an advocate of peaceful relations with the Na’vi, having set up a school to teach them English. * Michelle Rodriguez as Trudy Chacon. Chacon is a combat pilot assigned to support the Avatar Program who is sympathetic to the Na’vi. Cameron had wanted to work with Rodriguez since seeing her in Girl fight. * Giovanni Ribisi as Parker Selfridge. Selfridge is the corporate administrator for the RDA mining operation. While he is at first willing to destroy Na’avi civilization to preserve the company’s bottom ine, he is reluctant to authorize the attacks on the Na’vi, doing so only after Quaritch persuades him that it is necessary, and the attacks will be humane. * Joel David Moore as Dr. Norm Spellman. Spellman is a xenoanthropologist who studies plant and animal life as part of the Avatar Program. He arrives on Pandora at the same time as Sully and operates an avatar. Although he is expected to lead the diplomatic contact with the Na’vi, it turns out that Jake has the personality better suited to win the natives’ respect. * Zoe Saldana as Neytiri, the daughter of the leader of the Omaticaya, the Na’vi clan central to the story.
She is attracted to Jake because of his bravery, though frustrated with him for what she sees as his naivete and stupidity. She serves as both the film’s main Na’vi protagonist and Jake’s love interest. The character, like all the Na’vi, was created using performance capture, and its visual aspect is entirely computer generated. Saldana has also signed on for potential sequels. * FILIMING: Principal photography for Avatar began in April 2007 in Los Angeles and Wellington, New Zealand. Cameron described the film as a hybrid with a full live-action shoot in combination with computer-generated characters and live environments. Ideally at the end of the day the audience has no idea which they’re looking at,” Cameron said. The director indicated that he had already worked four months on nonprincipal scenes for the film. The live action was shot with a modified version of the proprietary digital 3-D Fusion Camera System, developed by Cameron and Vince Pace. In January 2007, Fox had announced that 3-D filming for Avatar would be done at 24 frames per second despite Cameron’s strong opinion that a 3-D film requires higher frame rate to make strobing less noticeable.
According to Cameron, the film is composed of 60% computer-generated elements and 40% live action, as well as traditional miniatures. * VISUAL EFFECTS: A number of innovative visual effects techniques were used in the production of Avatar. According to Cameron, work on the film had been delayed since the 1990s to allow the techniques to reach the necessary degree of advancement to adequately portray his vision of the film. The director planned to make use of photorealistic computer-generated characters, created using new motion-capture animation technologies he had been developing in the 14 months leading up to December 2006.
Innovations include a new system for lighting massive areas like Pandora’s jungle, a motion-capture stage or “volume” six times larger than any previously used, and an improved method of capturing facial expressions, enabling full performance capture. To achieve the face capturing, actors wore individually made skull caps fitted with a tiny camera positioned in front of the actors’ faces; the information collected about their facial expressions and eyes is then transmitted to computers. According to Cameron, the method allows the filmmakers to transfer 100% of the actors’ physical performances to their digital counterparts.
Besides the performance capture data which were transferred directly to the computers, numerous reference cameras gave the digital artists multiple angles of each performance. A technically challenging scene was near the end of the film when the computer-generated Neytiri held the live action Jake in human form, and attention was given to the details of the shadows and reflected light between them. * ACCOLADES: NAME OF THE AWARD WON| AWARD WINNING CATEGORIES| ACADEMY AWARD| Art Direction, Cinematography, Visual effects. 67th GOLDEN GLOBE AWARDS| Best Motion Picture Drama, Best Director, Production Design and Visual effects. | BRITISH ACADEMY OF FILM ARTS| Production Design and Special visual effects| * CRITICAL RECEPTION: 1. Armond White of the New York Press wrote that Cameron used villainous American characters to misrepresent facets of militarism, capitalism, and imperialism Evo Morales, Bolivia’s first indigenous president, praised the film for its “profound show of resistance to capitalism and the struggle for the defence of nature”. . Adam Cohen of The New York Times was more positive about the film, calling its anti-imperialist message “a 22nd-century version of the American colonists vs. the British, India vs. the Raj, or Latin America vs. United Fruit”. 3. Ross Douthat of The New York Times opined that the film is “Cameron’s long apologia for pantheism … Hollywood’s religion of choice for a generation now”, while Saritha Prabhu of The Tennessean called the film a misportrayal of pantheism and Eastern spirituality in general. . Annalee Newitz of io9 concluded that Avatar is another film that has the recurring “fantasy about race” whereby “some white guy” becomes the “most awesome” member of a non-white culture. SUMMARY Every coin has two faces . The same way, Avatar has also got some positive and negative points in it. But if we see the hard work that has been put into the movie by the director of the movie James Cameron is tremendous he tried to make this movie a big hit compared to his other movie Titanic.
The work that is done behind the screen can be seen on the screen also mainly in some scenes of the movie like the floating mountains, waterfalls and different creatures may be they are all part of visual effects but still it takes lot of effort to put into it. Apart from many struggles the crew has undergone during the making of the movie, their hard work was fruitful that’s why they won so many awards. Avatar is a complete entertainer according to me that’s why it became part of my work. REFERENCES 1. Google 2. www. rottentomatoes. com 3. Wikipedia on Avatar