Clinical Trials and Research Today, most often people are unappreciative of the ‘simple things’ In life… Taking our family, friends, and luxuries for granted, unmindful of the fact they can be taken away at any time. Take disease for example, in some cases it may shock you and come out of nowhere. Whether or not its a fatal disease, or one that there is a cure for, a shocking illness can turn your whole world upside down. You almost feel as though there is nothing you can do anymore, your life is over.
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Over the years, many doctors around the world have been searching for the cure to multiple diseases with he help of clinical studies, or clinical research. Clinical research is a branch of medical science that helps determines the safety and effectiveness of medications, devices, diagnostic products and treatment regimens Intended for human use. As a participant in a clinical trial you as the patient are helping contribute to medical knowledge, as well as helping to find a workable cure to whatever disease you may have! thesis? hy did you eliminate it altogether from your revised rough draft? Are clinical trials beneficial to doctors as well as the patients? Do the doctors put In the right amount of effort before proceeding with a round of trials? Is it an easy decision to participate in these so called “trials”? In relation to Cancer, are the majority of clinical trials and research successful? There is a litany of questions and concerns. Just Ilke any other proposed topic, the Idea and questions based upon a clinical trial can create controversy among people.
Contrary to popular belief not all clinical trials may go as planned. In some cases, many doctors set up what is called a ‘placebo- controlled study. Placebo-controlled studies are a way of testing a medical solution in which, In addition to the group of subjects that Is recelvlng the treatment, a separate control group receives a “placebo” treatment which Is designed to have no real effect on any of the patients in the aforementioned control group. “The useof a placebo in clinical research continues to be a topic of debate in the medical community.
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Some argue that use of placebos is often unethical because alternative study designs would produce similar results with less risk to Individual research participants. Others argue that the use of placebos is essentialto the protect society from the harm that could result from the widespread use of ineffective medical treatments. ” (Research Administration: University of California, 1) Because of these so called ‘placebo-controlled studies’, many patients are skeptical when given the choice to enter in a clinical study.
The use of placebos in a clinical trial must be Justified by a positive risk-benefit analysis, a comparison of the risks of a situation to Its benefits. The patients must be fully informed of the risks Involved If heyre to be placed in the placebo group. In some instances, a drug trial may involve a period in which all participants receive only a placebo prior to the initiation of the study. This is called a “placebo washout. The purpose of this placebo washout is to terminate the effects of any drug the patient may have been taking prior to entering the trial, learning whether or not subjects cooperate with the Instruction to take the drug, and to learn which subjects are “placebo responders”, or that they experience a 1 OFA phenomenon in which a placebo a fake treatment, an inactive substance like sugar, istilled water, or saline solution can sometimes improve a patient’s condition simply because the person has the expectation that it will be helpful. (MedicineNet, 1) quotes should not be italicized, you should only have a page number if noted on the original source, websites are not assigned page numbers effective explanation of points in this paragraph but no quote development or closure? Each trial is conducted by hard work, long hours of studying and planning, a lot of planning. For each doctor, it can turn out to be a huge success… Or the exact opposite. “Anyone ho enrolls in a clinical trial is necessarily taking on a certain amount of risk ” thus the term “trial. As a conductor of clinical trials, you must realize that any treatment you test may be ineffective or even detrimental to your patients. This could put them behind on what may be crucial treatment timelines with standard treatments. ” (Grace, 2) Maybe thats another reason why many people opposed to clinical trials and research. When entering a clinical trial, theres patient confidentiality to consider, the aftermath and risks, and slight alterations to ones life due to malpractice.
Patient onfidentiality is considered a problem to some because many clinical trials, if successful, are publicized in newspapers as well as hospitals and medical centers all around the world. “PHI, or the Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information, includes what physicians and other healthcare professionals typically regard as a patient’s personal health information, such as information in a patient’s medical chart or a patient’s test results, as well as an individual’s billing information for medical services rendered, when that information is held or transmitted by a covered entity.
PHI also includes identifiable health information about subjects of clinical research gathered by a researcher who is a covered health care provider. ” (National Institutes of Health, 1) To many patients, that may be a bit overwhelming and considered an invasion of privacy. On top of that, each patient is put at risk when entering a clinical trial. Depending on the doctor, the hard work and the studies put in, a clinical trial could wind up not helping a specific patient at all. And to add to all of that, theres a chance of malpractice, the improper, or negligent professional treatment of a patient.
If you join a research study, you will be watched closely and data on your case will be carefully recorded. You may receive more examinations and tests than are usually given. (These are to follow your progress as well as to collect study data. ) Of course, tests can carry certain risks and benefits or discomforts of their own. Although they can be inconvenient, these tests can assure an extra ounce of observation along the way. ” (Stanford Medicine, 1) highlighted citations on this page are not present in the bibliography as written, no comma in MLASee More on Health care