Result of the Yalta and Potsdam Conferences
Their aim was to keep peace after the war. ;Once Germany was defeated, Stalin would join the war against Japan. ;Germany and Berlin would be divided into 4 zones (Britain, France, USA USSR) ; They would hunt down war criminals.
; Eastern Europe would be seen as ‘a Soviet sphere of influence. ‘ ;All countries liberated from Germany would be allowed to hold free elections. They only disagreed about Poland. Stalin wanted the western border of the USSR to move into Poland but Churchill and Roosevelt did not.Stalin also said Poland could move its border into Germany. Churchill knew that he could not do much because of Stalin’s Red Army that had control over Poland and eastern Germany. Churchill and Roosevelt greed as long as the USSR did not interfere in Greece where the British were trying to prevent the communists from taking over.
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Potsdam – July 1945: After Germany’s defeat, a second conference for the allied leaders was arranged. Many changes had taken place after Yalta.Stalin’s armies were occupying most of Eastern Europe because it was a defensive measure against future possible attacks. Roosevelt had died and Churchill had lost the 1 945 election so there were open disagreements. America had a new president, Harry’ Truman. He came away angry about the size of reparations and the fact that a communist overspent was being set up in Poland. Truman did not tell Stalin that he had the atomic bomb.
They disagreed: ; Over what to do about Germany ; Over reparations.Stalin wanted compensation from Germany because twenty million of his soldiers had died in the war but Truman did not. ;Over Soviet policy in Eastern Europe. After the Potsdam and Yalta conferences, Stalin achieved domination of Eastern Europe. By 1946, Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria and Albania all had communist government that were loyal to Stalin. Churchill described the border between Soviet controlled countries and the west as an iron curtain.