Review of Relevant Literature Essay Sample
The undermentioned related literature and surveies are the pillars of our research. These pieces of information are indispensable to hold believable back uping thoughts to our research subject. The said paperss were taken from different beginnings and mentions for case stuffs from other colleges and universities. other printed paperss. and the cyberspace. The research workers besides gathered some information about other universities’ installations to heighten our survey – “PUP-COC Physical Facilities and Laboratories—A Perceptual Study” . Acquaintance with other colleges’ set of equipment will so be of great aid to the research workers. Besides. as the research workers have said in the Background of the Study. the PUP-College of Communication is considered as one of the largest communicating schools in the Philippines bearing the differentiation of being the first communicating school in the state to hold achieved Level III Accredited position as awarded by the Accrediting Agency for the Chartered Colleges and Universities in the Philippines ( AACCUP ) in 2008.
Because of the said accreditation. the research workers based the classs in our 2nd aim to the criterions of the AACCUP Accreditation. In the Area VIII of AACCUP which has the range of the Physical Plant and Facilities. it is stated that the Quality and Adequacy of the physical works and installations of a learning establishment determine to a big step the successful execution of its curricular plans. In a wide sense. physical works and installations include school site. campus. edifices and other physical substructures. equipment and services that complement institutional and plan effectivity.
The AACCUP besides stated their criterion of a School Site. Campus. Buildings. Classrooms. Offices and Function Rooms. Assembly and Athletic Facilities. Medical and Dental Clinic. Student Center. Food Services/Canteen. Accreditation Center. Housing ( optional ) . Documents. Extra Information and Exhibits. While in the Area IX: Laboratories. it is stated that Labs are support systems in any academic plan. Broadly defined. they cover scientific discipline research labs. address research labs. presentation farms. stores. and other installations for practicum activities indispensable to the successful execution of the curricular plans of an establishment inclusive of their usage and maps. So from this. the research workers decided to categorise the installations and Labs of the College into Academic Related. Non-academic Related. Health and Sanitation Related. and Security Related Facilities.
The Mass Communication Department of University of Sindh- Pakistan. harmonizing to their web site
( hypertext transfer protocol: //usindh. edu. pk/academics/faculties/faculty-of-social-sciences/department-of-mass-communication/179-facilities ) . runs several research lab installations and this includes different equipment such as visible radiations. picture cameras. tripods. and mikes which are available to pupils enrolled in the said section. Intended for practical preparation. the section besides provided a News research lab. including computing machine lab which is unfastened to pupils enrolled in the section that contains a assortment of package applications like MS Office. Adobe PhotoShop. Illustrator. CorelDraw. In-Page. Photo Styler. Free Hand and Adobe premiere Pro.
Meanwhile. in the Daffodil International University. based on their web site ( hypertext transfer protocol: //diu. edu. bd/facilities/media-lab. hypertext markup language ) . they provide a Media Laboratory that has the undermentioned capablenesss for the Television plan manufacturers: sound and echo cogent evidence research lab. air-conditioned suites. DESA & A ; spontaneous electricity. late imported assorted visible radiations of CANARA Company. experienced Lights Crew who is involved in bring forthing Television plans for a long clip. They besides have Video Editing units. to the full air-conditioned Ultra-Modern Matrix RT-X2 Real clip Multi-format Digital Editing Work Station. customized HP Workstation. SONYLMD 1420 Professional Video Monitor for picture prevue. a Conference Room which is environment-friendly. air conditioned. broad and is available for your VIP invitees. Directors. Artists and others. Alongside the Studio. you will be able to bask a large and nice auditorium with the following installations: ( 1 ) Modern technological installations are available. ( 2 ) Seating capacity for audience totaling 300. and ( 3 ) Shooting installation in presence of audience. On the other manus. the MISR International University. their Mass Communication section provides rather a few educational installations which include a Photography Laboratory. Multi-media Laboratory. Broadcast Studio. Post Production Studio. Audio Studio. Print Media and Design Laboratory. Audio Visual Hall. News Room. and a Video Room which is found on their web site ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www. miuegypt. edu ) .
In another university in the west side of the Earth. the University of Minnesota. the School of Journalism and Mass Communication has several installations such as the Murphy Hall that is a state-of-the-art installation for learning and research of news media. mass communicating and new media surveies. The first floor of Murphy Hall includes the cardinal office. adjunct module offices. Student Services Center. Minnesota Journalism Center. a 150-seat auditorium and the Murphy Hall conference centre. While the 2nd floor has the Multimedia schoolrooms. module offices. offices for pupil organisations and a peddling machine. The Research Division. module offices and graduate pupil offices are on the 3rd floor. The Silha Center for the Study of Media Ethics & A ; Law. module offices are on the 4th floor. Murphy Hall besides includes: ( 4 ) multimedia schoolrooms. a 150-seat multimedia auditorium. the Digital Media Studios with capableness for picture redaction. digital and linear sound. and labs for imaging. artworks and communicating design.
A important characteristic of Murphy Hall is the convergence of artworks. intelligence authorship and broadcast labs in a individual infinite. the Digital Media Studios ( DMS ) . The DMS characteristics: ( 1 ) 20-workstation learning country. ( 2 ) 16-workstation learning countries. Internet and networking connectivity. ceiling-mounted projectors for exposing computing machine or picture end product. a cart-mounted computing machine workstation for teacher usage. a broadcast production installation capable of working independently that besides integrates with the university’s telecasting and theatre installations in the Rarig Center. the Digital Information Resource Center ( DIRC ) /Sevareid Library which is a hi-tech information centre with multimedia resources needed for direction and research. The DIRC/Sevareid Library has ( 8 ) networked and interconnected Mac workstations. capable of booting either Windows or Mac OS—each with a DVD thrust and VCR with playback and recording capableness. and ( 2 ) teaming suites with digital redacting capableness. These are all sited in their web site ( hypertext transfer protocol: //sjmc. umn. edu ) .
In one of the province universities of the Philippines. the University of the Philippines-Diliman. the university has several installations in different sections. In the Communication Research Laboratory. the research lab serves as a locale for computing machine categories every bit good as a depository for communicating databases. They besides have Cine Adarna which has a 1. 000-seat capacity movie theatre that on a regular basis features popular and critically acclaimed films. The wireless studio is acoustically designed and has its ain multi-recording system. The telecasting studio comes with its ain production floor infinite. control room. dressing room and spinner’s booth.
The Television studio has a complete set of audio-visual production equipment. including redacting installations for post-production applications. And in the section of Journalism. the Beltran Newsroom is a installation for the single preparation of Journalism pupils in newspaper layout. design. redacting. composing and processing. This electronic newsroom is equipped with high-velocity computing machines. an LCD projector. a big format pressman. and one scanner. The university besides provided a Media Center which has a Film Studio. The Film and Audio-visual Communication ( FAVC ) Department maintains movie and picture equipment. including a exposure research lab with darkroom installations. Equipment is available for Super 8mm. 16mm. VHS. Hi-8 picture production. and personal computing machines for life and digital station production.
Besides. in one of the private universities here in the state. the San Sebastian College’s Mass Communication Laboratory contains ( 2 ) spacious suites which are connected by a viewing subdivision furnished with video playback system and a multi-track audio console that provide audio-visual addendums for the instructional and workshops necessities of the next schoolroom. Equipped with a large proctor. simple camera set-up. multimedia projector and DVD and VHS participants. the said schoolroom besides serves as a locale for little and intimate seminars and Television intelligence casting activities that are created for pupils enrolled in the section. They besides provided other inside informations in their web site ( hypertext transfer protocol: //sscrmnl. edu. ph/facilities/mass-communication-laboratory/ ) for more information. However. in the Communication Arts Department of the University of the East. harmonizing to their web site ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www. ue. edu. ph/manila ) . they have maintained and updated their installations and set of equipment. For illustration their Speech Laboratory. they have to the full air-conditioned research lab that meets the demands of a modern and sophisticated speech-radio-TV studio.
For broadcast medium. film and address pupils. they provide a wireless station booth that operates on a community broadcast graduated table. Besides available are an audio-video room for movie redaction categories. an editing room with an redacting machine. a recording room. and a linguistic communication research lab with 35 entering booths. each equipped with a participant recording equipment. a mouthpiece and a brace of headsets. Besides. their Caloocan Campus has a to the full equipped address research lab at the land floor of the Academic Building. They besides have an audiovisual centre that makes available to the whole community a assortment of equipment: movie. slide and overhead projectors ; DVD/VCD. VHS and Betamax participants ; tape recording equipments. sound systems. etc. . and the contents of the media library consisting of sound and videotapes. sound and picture cassettes. graphs. postings. transparences. filmstrips. slides and others. Likewise. the Mass Communication Department of the far Eastern University has different installations to assist pupils in their field of work and hands-on instruction as stated by one of their pupils in a web site ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www. pinoyexchange. com/forums ) . They have this Television Studio which is a broadcast installation installed with incorporate professional visible radiations. sound. picture and console/control and communication/talk-back systems.
The Television Studio is used by pupils who are enrolled in their Radio and Television Production and Radio-Television Announcing classs. Students who are enrolled in Radio and Television Principles and Practices besides use the installation to familiarise themselves with the set-up of a Television studio. The Television Studio has the undermentioned installations: ( 1 ) Production Room that is equipped with incorporate professional lighting system. semi-oval type background for Chroma. spot bay for picture and audio connections for mikes with latest SONY HD picture cameras. fog machine. MARTIN MAC250 ( intelligent visible radiation ) . and a traveling caput. ( 2 ) Control Room is equipped with state-of-the-art engineering such as Television Production Broadcast PIX for picture controls and blending ; theatre light TL-NOVA for illuming control and commixture ; Martin Freeky DMX accountant for particular lighting effects ; HDV RECORDER for high definition recording and LITEPUTTER DIMMER PACK for electromotive force ordinances. ( 3 ) Post-production Room or the VTR/ Editing Room that is besides equipped with desktop computing machines installed with Adobe Premiere CS4 redacting suite which the pupils can utilize for their post-production work ( audio-video redaction ) . ( 4 )
Pre-production Room or the war room. this is where pupils can brainstorm. discuss and gestate for their shows. ( 5 ) Props/storage Room. now this is where pupils can build and piece their sets for the production and shop belongingss. ( 6 ) Male and Female Dressing Rooms with comfort suites. shortss and chest of drawerss. criterion mirror which serve as makeup and dress-up suites for the endowments. ( 7 ) Green Room is a locale for the endowments as they wait for their bend during taped or unrecorded shows. And in conclusion. ( 8 ) the Lobby is besides where invitees and visitants can remain. Besides. the FEU Mass Communication Department has a Radio Broadcast ( Technical Control ) Room equipped with professional wireless broadcast equipment. digital playback system with edit-on-the-fly system with which the phonograph record jockey can pre-arrange and re-arrange play list while on air.
The installation besides has Wi-Fi transmittal engineering for listeners’ entree. The installation allows the pupils to heighten their accomplishments in phonograph record jockeying. intelligence coverage. wireless anchoring and hosting. It besides allows the pupils to bring forth unrecorded and recorded wireless plans. They besides have this Digital Audio Recording Room a installation that is equipped with professional mikes and earphones ( NEUMANN and AUDIO-TECHNICA ) to guarantee the quality of voice recording and dubbing. The chief control is PC-based/digital package ( ADOBE AUDITION ) patched to a professional sociable and online redundant recording equipment ( MACKIE MIXER and TASCAM MULTI CHANNEL RECORDER ) . The installation allows the pupils to enter wireless commercials. jangles. teasers. stingers. voice overs. public service proclamations and other collaterals ; and to nickname wireless play. The university besides provided an Audio-video Post-Production Room. This installation is equipped with PC-based/digital package ( MATROX ) for rendering and get the hanging audio-video presentations. movies. and other audio-video end products.
Some of the Department’s set of Laboratory Equipment are: ( 4 ) Sony Casette-portable. ( 1 ) Motorola Communicator talk-back set. ( 4 ) DVD Player Pioneer Mo. 366. ( 2 ) DVD Recorder. ( 1 ) DVD Writer. ( 1 ) Pensonic DVD/MPEG4 Player. ( 2 ) Samsung DVD/VCR. ( 1 ) Document Camera TFV-400. ( 1 ) Sony Handy Cam. ( 1 ) Pioneer Amplifier. ( 1 ) Audio Mixer. ( 2 ) CTV 21. ( 1 ) Camera Recorder. ( 2 ) HP Laptops. ( 3 ) Satellite Laptops. ( 1 ) Toshiba Laptop. ( 1 ) Audio-technica Microphone. ( 3 ) Shure Microphone. ( 1 ) Multi-Tester. ( 1 ) Player. VCD. ( 3 ) OKI Printer. ( 3 ) Projector. LCD. ( 3 ) Wall Dalite Screen. ( 1 ) Sound Mixer 12 channels. ( 1 ) Sony Television Flat. ( 1 ) Sound System with ( 2 ) Speakers. ( 1 ) Tripod for Video Camera. ( 1 ) “3M”Overhead Projector. ( 1 ) Senrun Portable Sound System. ( 2 ) Light Mixer. ( 4 ) Redhead Spotlight. ( 1 ) DLP Projector TAXAN. ( 1 ) Tripod Samson with Dolly. and more.
The research workers gathered four ( 4 ) Foreign and besides four ( 4 ) Local relevant surveies. The four foreign universities chosen by the research workers are the University of Sindh. MISR International University. Daffodil International University. and the University of Minnesota. Because the research workers believe that because these universities are some of the top-ranked universities. they have if non the best. one of the best set of equipment for Communication pupils. On the other manus. the research workers chose the University of the Philippines-Diliman. University of Perpetual aid. San Sebastian College. University of the East. and Far Eastern University for local related literatures because these are besides some of the top-listed universities and colleges in the state that can vie internationally for their installations and set of equipment in their Mass Communication Departments. The research workers besides believe that these installations and set of equipment can assist in the present and future demands of the pupils of the college and possibly assist the university see what needs to be developed and improved in the sections.
This survey besides tries to discourse how the Facilities and Laboratories of the college affect the pupils. In line with this. the research workers delved into literatures that tackle the same subject. From the twenty-first Century School Fund—Improving Urban Public School Facilities. a Research on the Impact of School Facilities on Students and Teachers which is a sum-up of surveies published since 2000. the research workers found out that there has been a slow but steady addition of research on the impact of public school installations on educational accomplishment and community results and of the asperity of the research. This sum-up of surveies is portion of a larger literature reappraisal conducted by the twenty-first Century School Fund with support from the Charitable Trust of the Council on Educational Facility Planners International.
The reappraisal is designed as an update to the 2002 reappraisal “Do School Facilities Affect Academic Outcomes? ” by Mark Schneider. originally commissioned by the twenty-first Century School Fund’s Building Educational Success Together collaborative and so expanded by Dr. Schneider and published by the National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities. Recent research continues to indicate to a little but steadily positive relationship between the quality of a public school installation and a scope of academic and community outcomes. This survey reviews the literature on Facilities and Academic results. School constructing Systems. and School Facility Condition and Community factors. This new reappraisal. available in October 2009 includes an extended bibliography of research since 2002 and discusses the demand for future school installation research.
On the other manus. the research workers besides found a survey conducted by Mark Schneider on November 2002 entitled “Do School Facilities Affect Academic Outcomes? —National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities” . This survey shows that the research they presented concludes that: School installations affect larning. Spatial constellations. noise. heat. cold. visible radiation. and air quality evidently bear on students’ and teachers’ ability to execute. Empirical surveies will go on. concentrating on fine-tuning the acceptable scopes of these variables for optimum academic results. But we already know what is needed: clean air. good visible radiation. and a quiet. comfy. and safe acquisition environment. This can be and by and large has been achieved within the bounds of bing cognition. engineering. and stuffs. It merely requires equal support and competent design. building. and care. Besides. Building age is an formless construct and should non itself be used as an index of a facility’s impact on pupil public presentation.
Many schools built as civic memorials in the 1920s and 1930s still supply. with some modernisation. first-class larning environments ; many newer schools built in the cost-conscious sixtiess and 1970s do non. There is besides a definite consensus about the positive effects of little school size. and the effects seem to be the strongest with pupils from lower socioeconomic groups. This is an country. nevertheless. where policy shapers need the support of surveies that better set up the trade-offs between little schools and other community demands and resources. And the category size argument is unsolved. although few would reason against smaller categories. where possible. This is an educational issue that has a serious impact on school planning and design. since smaller categories require more schoolrooms or more schools. a fact that may look axiomatic but frequently is lost in the argument. There is small standardisation of facilities-related definitions.
For illustration. the definition of little schools varies among surveies. and overall student-teacher ratios are frequently ( and wrongly ) taken as a placeholder for category size. The quality of facilities-related research ranges widely. Much of it is case-based and brinks on the anecdotal. and many literature reappraisals use simple counts of articles. or they present undocumented sum-ups of findings. More strict attacks to sum uping big organic structures of literature. such as metanalytic techniques. are few. and these surveies frequently lead to dissensions over the methods themselves. Better research offering more unequivocal findings is needed. Furthermore. the determinations about school installations. one time translated into brick-and-mortar. impact the day-to-day public presentation of the coevalss of instructors and pupils who use them. These determinations are based on tradition. available engineering. experience with “what plants. ” and the altering demands of the times. Good installations research allows us to fruitfully screen through this mix and can assist bring forth long-run. positive effects on academic results.
Meanwhile. for the Local Literature. the research workers found a thesis from Felisa M. Dador ; The Library Facilities. Resources and Services of the Gregorio Araneta University Foundation. March 1996. The Problem and Background of this survey states that: the best schools have the best libraries. and the best libraries belong to the best schools. A good library speaks for its excellence in the undermentioned mode: the quality of its library services ; the quality and measure of the library instruction ; the usage of the Library by the module staff and pupils ; and the support given to it by the disposal in the planning. promoting and developing its library services as a whole. It is highly hard for the library to accomplish its maximal service. nevertheless skilled the Library staff and the module. unless the disposal understands to the full how the Library is related to the function that both module and Librarians play in developing the academic and research plans of the establishment.
The effectivity and efficiency of a library is determined by the figure of times it is put to good usage. No affair how to the full equipped and wholly administered a library possibly. if it is non used for the really ground that it exists. it is worthless. Its aggregations and services must be of high quality and carefully designed to conform to the mission and aims of the establishment. the demands of the round offerings and the wide-ranging researches or informational demands of module and pupils. In some progressive educational establishments today. the Library is regarded following to the Teachers as the most of import characteristic of the school. The author believes as she has ever believed that no school could go on to work on a high degree of criterion without a functional Library. It is the centre of larning in the entire school image. The library is organized as a service that enhances the teaching—learning procedure.
Its ultimate end is to supply the “the right book for the right reader at the right clip. ” It is besides organized non merely with the undertaking of run intoing the tremendous demands of modern instruction but besides in the belief that it gives chances for self-cultivation at all times. As the most of import rational resource in an academic community. the library must endeavor to run into the varied demands of its frequenters. from professors set abouting an thorough research to the novices carry throughing class assignments towards the widening Fieldss of cognition and the facet and the rapid progresss in engineering. The sum and quality of services demanded of Libraries and accordingly of Librarians are no longer limited to strictly directional or informational. or the mere imparting out of books from the counter.
Demands have now shifted to more bibliographies and other information engineering. modern audio-visual equipment. projection assistance. video machines. microforms. photographic equipment and computing machine installations which become an indispensable portion of library operations. Harmonizing to Barkley. cognition is a requirement for the accomplishment of all intent and in a dynamic universe. knowing is a procedure of continual acquisition. unlearning and relearning. and non the acquisition of a inactive organic structure of cognition. With this tendency in the universe of larning. Libraries can anticipate the demands of services to turn at a much faster rate as the construct of go oning educational is grasped. and as the pattern of go oning educational spreads. However. another thesis was found by the research workers entitled “An Assessment of the Quality of Facilities and Services provided by the Philippine Sports Authority. Puerto Princesa City. Palawan. ” Master in Public Administration. Palawan State University. Puerto Princesa City. February 2004 by Marlon N. Sendaydiego.
The abstract of this thesis shows that this survey was undertaken to find the quality of port facilities/services provided by the Philippine Ports Authority ( PPA ) at the Puerto Princesa Port. Puerto Princesa City as assessed by its port users and siting public. It is besides looked into the quality of execution of the PPA’s concerns/projects on port methodicalness. cleanliness. security and safety. The appraisal of these two patronages groups—port users and siting public—were compared and analyzed. Problems encountered and recommended solutions by the port users and siting populace was besides solicited. including recommended extra installations and services for the Puerto Princesa City Port. The descriptive-survey method was utilized. Datas were gathered through a researcher-made questionnaire administered to a indiscriminately selected sample in April 2003. There were 248 port users and 373 siting public involved in the survey. The statistical step used were frequence. per centum. mean. standard divergence and the z-test.
Here is besides the Summary of Findings to demo that among port users. the quality of port installations is really satisfactory while that of port services is satisfactory. In contrast. the siting public assessed the quality of both port installations and services as satisfactory. Both respondents gave satisfactory assessment evaluations to the execution of concerns/projects on port methodicalness. cleanliness. security and safety. Still. important differences were found between the two respondent groups in their assessment evaluations on the quality of port installations and services. every bit good as the execution of concerns/projects on port methodicalness. cleanliness. security and safety. Furthermore. there were some identified jobs and matching recommended solutions related to quality port installations. among these were: Absence of ATM booths ; Absence or deficient waiting shed for sympathizers ; deficient terminal infinite ; deficient hauling infinite ; and Lack of imbibing installations. Their suggested solutions are the proviso of such installations within the port premises.
With regard to bringing of port services. both respondents’ jobs were largely on: High rate of porterage fee ; Discourtesy of porters ; impolite guards ; and Inadequate security services. Correspondingly. their recommended solutions are: Decrease or remotion of porterage fee ; Discharge or coverage of discourteous porters ; Replacement of impolite guards ; and Additional security guards. severally. Among the extra installations and services recommended by both groups are: Construction of sympathizers shed ; Installation of imbibing fountains in strategic topographic points in the larboard country ; Installation of an ATM booth ; and Extension of rider terminal edifice with proviso of imbibing fountains. Consistent with their expressed jobs. their recommended extra port services are: Extra security guards are posted at the issue gate ; Additional aid to port users ; free portage fee ; and Jeepney/transport/shuttle services.
This survey concludes that Puerto Princesa City port users and siting public by and large assessed the quality of port installations services. every bit good as the execution of concerns/projects on port methodicalness. cleanliness. security and safety. as satisfactory: which is still below the coveted quality criterion. However. they differed in their quality evaluations in nine ( 9 ) out of 12 ( 12 ) port installations and six ( 6 ) out of eight ( 8 ) port services that were normally rated. The two group’s appraisal quality evaluations differed on the execution of PPA’s concerns/projects with regard to port security and port safety. but did non differ with regard to port methodicalness and port cleanliness. This survey besides recommended that the PPA’s Puerto Princesa City needs to take stairss to better. enhance and upgrade the quality of the execution of its concerns/projects specifically on port methodicalness. cleanliness. security and safety. every bit good as the quality of its port installations and services in order to raise it from the current degree of satisfactory to the desired degree of at least really satisfactory.
Similarly. specific facilities/services which were found to be really satisfactory should be maintained and enhanced to continuously run into the quality criterions set. It should besides see the identified jobs and recommended solutions. every bit good as extra port installations and services as demands or inputs in the readying of its operational and developmental programs. On the other manus. PPA’s higher direction should fast-track the blessing and release of financess on the recommended undertakings. such as Construction of Well-Wisher’s Building. Additional Passenger Terminal Building. and Park. etc. . for immediate execution in CY 2004. Last. this survey should be replicated in other PPA ports to enable the port direction to garner feedback from their primary clients on the quality of port installations and services and execution of concerns/projects in the peculiar countries. In making so. the PPA will be able to carry through its corporate duties.
The research workers gathered two ( 2 ) Foreign and besides two ( 2 ) Local relevant literatures. The two Foreign Literatures that the research workers acquired trade with the general effects and specific effects of installations to the acquisition of the pupils in a peculiar college. On the other manus. the research workers chose this two other Local Literatures about certain installations in a public university and a province university that are related in this survey. The research workers believe that these surveies will assist them garner more thoughts about the survey that the research workers are covering with. These literatures assisted the research workers to acquire clasp of pieces of information that this survey covers. These gave the research workers thoughts that helped them do their instruments for the informations assemblage. decisions. and other parts of this thesis.