Role of Nurses
Nursing is a healthcare profession focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life. Nurses work in a wide variety of specialties where they may work independently or as part of a team to assess, plan, implement, and evaluate care. Nursing Science is a field of knowledge based on the contributions of nursing scientists through peer-reviewed scholarly journals and evidenced-based practice. Nursing as a profession
The authority for the practice of nursing is based upon a social contract that delineates professional rights and responsibilities as well as mechanisms for public accountability. In almost all countries, nursing practice is defined and governed by law, and entrance to the profession is regulated at the national or state level. The aim of the nursing community worldwide is for its professionals to ensure quality care for all, while maintaining their credentials, code of ethics, standards, and competencies, and continuing their education. 21] There are a number of educational paths to becoming a professional nurse, which vary greatly worldwide, but all involve extensive study of nursing theory and practice, and training in clinical skills.
Nurses care for individuals of all ages and cultural backgrounds who are healthy and ill in a holistic manner based on the individual’s physical, emotional, psychological, intellectual, social, and spiritual needs. The profession combines physical science, social science, nursing theory, and technology in caring for those individuals.
In order to work in the nursing profession, all nurses hold one or more credentials depending on their scope of practice and education. ALicensed practical nurse (LPN) (also referred to as a Licensed vocational nurse, Registered practical nurse, Enrolled nurse, and State enrolled nurse) works independently or with a Registered nurse. The most significant differentiation between an LPN and RN is found in the requirements for entry to practice, which determines entitlement for their scope of practice, for example in Canada an RN requires a bachelors degree and a LPN requires a 2 year diploma.
A Registered nurse (RN) provides scientific, psychological, and technological knowledge in the care of patients and families in many health care settings. Registered nurses may also earn additional credentials ordegrees. In the USA, in addition to the LPN, Registered nurses can earn 2 different degrees that qualify a nurse for the title RN. The title RN ADN is awarded to the nurse who has completed a 2 year undergraduate academic degree awarded by community colleges, junior colleges, technical colleges, and bachelor’s degree-granting colleges and universities upon completion of a course of study usually lasting two years.
The title RN BSN is awarded to the nurse who has earned an American four year academic degree in the science and principles of nursing, granted by a tertiary education university or similarly accredited school. After completing either the LPN or either RN education programs in the USA, graduates are eligible to sit for the a licensing examination to become a nurse, the passing of which is required for the nursing license. RN’s may also pursue different roles as advanced practice registered nurses.
Nurses may follow their personal and professional interests by working with any group of people, in any setting, at any time. Some nurses follow the traditional role of working in a hospital setting. Around the world, nurses have been traditionally female. Despite equal opportunity legislation nursing has continued to be a female dominated profession.  For instance, in Canada and America the male-to-female ratio of nurses is approximately 1:19. 26] This ratio is represented around the world. Notable exceptions include: Francophone Africa, which includes the countries of Benin, Burkina Faso,Cameroon, Chad, Congo, Ivory Coast, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Guinea, Gabon, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda,Senegal, and Togo, which all have more male than female nurses.
In Europe, in countries such as Spain, Portugal, Czechoslovakia, and Italy, over 20% of nurses are male. 28] Although nursing practice varies both through its various specialties and countries, these nursing organizations offer the following definitions: “Nursing encompasses autonomous and collaborative care of individuals of all ages, families, groups and communities, sick or well and in all settings. Nursing includes the promotion of health, prevention of illness, and the care of ill, disabled and dying people. Advocacy, promotion of a safe environment, research, participation in shaping health policy and in patient and health systems management, and education are also key nursing roles. ” Role of Professional Nursing
By Somer Taylor, eHow Contributor The role of professional nursing is an important one. Anecdotally, nurses have been said to have more patient interaction and understanding about the patient’s condition than the attending physician. Along with doctors, nurses help improve patient care. Even if there was not a nursing shortage, there would be a need for nurses to provide quality care and support to patients. he Role of Nurses •Nurses are health care professions who are part of a health care team. No longer the “handmaid” of the doctor, as mentioned by nursing professor Virginia Burggraf, nurses are an integral part of quality patient care.
Responsibilities •The main responsibilities of a nurse are to care for the patient. They fulfill the doctor’s orders concerning patient care, and they also determine and seek to alleviate the health problems of the patient in concert with other members of the health care team such as the doctors, nutritionists and whoever else may be needed to adequately care for the patient. Depending on the specialty, the responsibilities may differ. But the general nurse duties in a hospital or clinical setting include taking vital signs, making certain that the patient gets enough fluids and rest and administering medication and treatment.