Role of Students in Disaster Management in USA
A student is a person who is having a great zeal at any subject. Our educational system should include the training programs to the students from school level to rouse the helping nature in them at times of need. A disaster is the misfortune of natural or human made perils that negatively affects society. It needs unity in people to come out of that disaster. Thus disaster management plays a major role and youth plays a vital role in getting out the victims as fast as possible. The students can play a major role in disaster management. A disaster can be defined as any tragic event with great loss from events such as earthquakes, floods, accidents, fires, cyclones or explosions. So military training programmer are being given to students to give them moral education and also for nation’s safety. Role of Students in Disaster Management – Training for Students When the students are trained well, they can help in rehabilitation and resettlement of victims at times of floods, earthquakes and drought etc. , . They can play a very important role in disaster management. They can spread awareness to all about the precautions to be taken at times of these national disasters. They will help the victims with basic needs and they will do whatever they can at times of these disasters. It is the duty of the teachers and school management to let them understand their duties and responsibilities during and after the disasters. This will minimise the panicking and uncontrolled disaster to the most extent. We should have to train them with the knowledge of basic first aid to save lives of millions. Hence, I feel students play a very important role in disaster management . Role of Students in Disaster Management – Students Power Student power cannot be compared and distinguished with any other power. Such a great force is with students. So it is the responsibility of the nation to make utilisation of such powerful resources of the nation from the students by giving excellent training and social service awareness. Then if there is a disaster they will be able to protect themselves and others too. With effective disaster management it is possible to minimize the potential risks by developing early warning policies. It helps to repare and implement developmental plans to provide flexibility to such disasters and also to mobilize activities including communication and medical services. The students with effective managing role help in rehabilitation and post-disaster reconstruction. Hence, I strongly feel Educating a student is educating parents & Community. Form Student Committees Students can help with disaster preparedness by forming a committee to oversee such actions. Either by a volunteer process or by teacher selection, students can meet monthly and educate themselves on proper disaster management. The team should be given a list of crisis situations and the school’s guidelines for taking action. Students can trade ideas on other ways to avoid incidents and maintain order. Keep Other Students Informed Students are often the best source of information for other students. The student disaster management team can put together information to pass on to other students and create posters to hang in the school hallways reminding students of rules and emergency exits. Have them perform skits or presentations to educate their classmates on proper behavior in case of an emergency. You read Role of Students in Disaster Management in USA Students could create pamphlets and fliers that spell out proper emergency procedures and why they should be followed. Hold workshops to teach students ways to avoid crisis situations or how to diffuse a high-stress situation. Students could also set up information booths during lunchtime to answer questions about crisis management and provide further information about their program. Conducting Drills Finally, students can prepare for disasters by holding drills. Students should distribute information informing the school about drills and how to properly act or evacuate. During these drills, students can assist teachers by retrieving or delivering class lists, taking attendance and helping maintain order. Students can also assist in disaster cleanup and preparations for continuing classes elsewhere while the building returns to normal. Through these drills, students prepare themselves for how to behave properly if a real crisis should occur. Students have a major role to play in managing disasters. They can: • Spread awareness about disasters and tips to handle them. Organise mock camps in their holidays in neighboring villages to train people to cope up with disasters like earthquakes • Be part of ’emergency rescue teams’ – mostly the training goes side by side along with ‘compulsory military training’ programs (another opinion: Search and rescue is a highly specialized job and should be left to professionals) A big aspect of disaster management is preparedness. The basic role of the student is AWARENESS of what to do during and after disasters. This would lessen panicking, paranoid and uncontrollable people running around. Knowing what to do when disaster strikes will also lessen the death toll. Knowing what to do after disaster, and at least basic first aid, will enable students help the authorities in saving lives. 1. Prepare a survey schedule detailing the different areas that are posing threats of various natural and manmade disasters in and around your school/home/ community such as a factory/slum/dump yard located nearby. 2. Conduct the survey and analyze the results collected by the group and write a report on the various threats, vulnerability, risk and its management. 3. Develop posters and skits for awareness generation in your locality. Choose any man made or natural disaster which your area may be vulnerable to e. gas leaks, building collapse, rail’ or road accidents, laboratory accidents, health hazards due to toxic waste disposal, earthquakes, Floods, volcanic eruptions etc. 1. Prepare a survey schedule detailing the different areas that are posing threats due to the various natural and man made disasters in and around your school for example factory/slum/ dump yard located nearby. 2. Collect the data and prepare a report. 3. Develop posters and skits for awareness generation in your school. 4. Make a plan to deal with anyone of the disasters likely to affect your school.