Roles and Functions of Police Essay Sample

10 October 2017

Every policing section or bureau has a set of organisational ends and values that provide officers with a sense of way and intent. Even though these assorted sections may hold different maps. patroling bureaus have similar functions. The functions of constabularies include:

The bar of offense and protection of life
To continue and implement the jurisprudence
To battle public fright of offense
To advance community safety
To command traffic
To promote regard for the jurisprudence
To protect the civil rights and autonomies of persons
The jurisprudence determines what maps and functions constabularies will hold and order how they are to travel about carry throughing these functions. The constabulary have limitations and guidelines to stay by.

Levels of Law Enforcement
“Police services are provided by four different degrees of authorities: metropolis. county. province. and federal ( Walker & A ; Katz. 2011. Chapter 3. ” The local degree consists of municipal constabulary. county constabulary. and county sheriffs. The sections within the local degree have legal power over their several counties or metropoliss with limited legal power outside those countries.

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At the province degree there are province constabularies such as the main road patrol. State degree sections have legal power within their province merely. The main road patrol merely has legal power over the main roads and interstates within their province. Federal degree bureaus have legal power across the full state.

At the federal degree there are 17 federal jurisprudence enforcement bureaus which include but are non limited to the Department of Homeland Security. Department of Justice. Bureau of Customs and Border Protection. Drug Enforcement Administration. Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Federal Bureau of Investigation. Federal Emergency Management Agency. Transportation Security Administration. Bureau of Alcohol. Tobacco. Firearms. and Explosives. U. S. Coast Guard. U. S. Marshals Service. and the U. S. Secret Service. Besides at the federal degree is Military jurisprudence enforcement ( Walker & A ; Katz. Chapter 3. 2011 ) . Military jurisprudence enforcement merely has legal power on the base to which they are assigned to.

The primary difference between Federal and province jurisprudence enforcement bureaus legal power. Federal jurisprudence enforcement enforces Federal jurisprudence. State and local Police enforce province and local Torahs. Federal agents can non implement province Torahs and province policing bureaus have authorization in their province merely.

A patrol is a group of forces. such as constabularies officers who are assigned to supervise a specific geographic country. Patrol is frequently referred to as the “backbone of patroling. ” The patrol officer serves many maps. which include offense combatant. go-between. societal worker. and service supplier ( Grant & A ; Terry. Chapter 6. 2012 ) . The aims of patrol include:

Protection and defence of lives and belongings
Repression of condemnable and delinquent behaviour
Designation. apprehensiveness. and strong belief of wrongdoers
Traffic flow and hit decrease
Care of order and public safety
These aims are broken down into three types of interactions: Information assemblage. struggle declaration. and care or Restoration of control.

Types of Patrol
There are four different types of patrol. These types are random or everyday. directed. aggressive. and impregnation. Each type of control has a different grade of effectivity.
Random. or Everyday patrol occurs when officers assigned to an country move about in an unsystematic manner. The ends of random patrol are to observe and discourage offense through constabulary presence. This type of patrol is besides called preventive patrol. Military officers engaged in random patrol are relied upon to react to 911 calls to decrease response clip.

“Directed patrol focuses on targeted hot musca volitanss. offense jobs. and or offenders” ( Grant & A ; Terry. Chapter 6. 2012 ) . This signifier of patrol is seen as proactive patrol. The downside to directed patrol is that it is expensive.

Aggressive patrol is a signifier of directed patrol. Aggressive patrol focuses on crackdowns that will pull media attending. The media coverage is meant to be a hindrance. ”The consequences of the Kansas City Gun Experiment. in which intensive patrols targeted an 80-block. high-crime country with traffic Michigans and field questions. revealed that aggressive patrol can significantly cut down gun offenses. such as drive-by shots and homicides ( Grant & A ; Terry. Chapter 6. 2012 ) . ”

Saturation patrol occurs when a high degree of patrol is placed within a little geographic country. It is frequently used to cut down rummy drive and pack activity in certain countries.

Patrol Methods
There are many different patrol methods. The method used by constabulary depends on the country that needs to be covered. The most common patrol methods are automobile and pes. The other patrol methods are bike or bike. Equus caballus. and H2O or chopper.

Automobile patrol is the most common patrol method because it offers the officer mobility and flexibleness. With an car. constabulary officers can cover a larger country in less clip. Having a vehicle available allows for easier conveyance of suspects and speedy response to incidents.

Foot patrol is the 2nd most common type of patrol. On pes patrol. the country an officer can cover on his or her displacement is limited. The benefit of pes patrol is that officers can supervise and place offenses being committed in an countries can’t be seen from an car.

Motorcycles are used in traffic enforcement. An officer on a bike can go through heavy traffic with easiness. Motorcycles are besides used as high-profile constabulary bodyguards. They are frequently used in parades every bit good.

Bicycles are used in tight countries where vehicles can non travel. The bike lets the officer maintain high visibleness and accessibility while increasing mobility. Some constabulary sections use Segway human transporters.

Horse patrol is non used frequently but Equus caballuss give officers mobility in topographic points that cars and bikes can non entree. Some of the topographic points that a Equus caballus may be used are Parkss. countries with rough or wild terrain or even in big crowd scenes such as a parade. protest or possibly even something like a province or county carnival. The Equus caballus allows officers to sit up high. which provides officers visibleness.

Harbor or H2O patrol is needed where there are shorelines. beaches or lakes. The presence of H2O nowadayss an chance for smuggling and other offenses. To look into offenses that take topographic point on the H2O. a chopper or boat is needed.

There are legion patroling bureaus in the United States. They may hold different undertakings but they all work toward the common end of maintaining citizens safe. Assorted types and methods of patrol are used to track and look into offense. It will be interesting to watch engineering develop and to see what new methods will originate.


Grant. H. B. . & A ; Terry. K. J. ( 2012 ) . Law Enforcement in the twenty-first Century ( 3rd ed. ) . Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection database.

Grant. H. B. . & A ; Terry. K. J. ( 2012 ) . Law Enforcement in the twenty-first Century ( 3rd ed. ) . Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection database

Walker. S. . & A ; Katz. C. M. ( 2011 ) . The Police in America. An Introduction ( 7th ed. ) . Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection database.

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