Roman Foreign Policy in the Years 343-275

This paper is a study of Roman foreign policy between 343-275, including her wars against the Latins, the Samnites and Pyrrhus.

This essay argues that although Rome was sometimes forced onto the defensive, generally she followed an aggressive foreign policy, deliberately antagonizing her neighbors, and securing the foundations of her empire.
“After 391, when Rome had suffered an embarrassing defeat at the hands of the Gauls, Rome sought to consolidate her position, and as well as fortifying Rome itself, set up frontiers of colonies to help protect her from attack. In the period up to 350, Rome’s motives seemed mainly defensive; defending herself from attacks, and setting up buffer zones on her northern frontier to protect her from the Etruscans and Gauls.”
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