Sanjay gandhi national park
?Sanjay Gandhi National Park (SGNP), previously Borivali National Park, is a large protected area in the northern part of suburban Mumbai city in Maharashtra State in India.  It encompasses an area of 104 km2 (40 sq mi) and is surrounded on three sides by India’s most populous city.  It is notable as one of the major national parks existing within a metropolis limit and is one of the most visited parks in the world The rich flora and fauna of Sanjay Gandhi National Park attracts more than 2 million visitors every year.
Tourists also enjoy visiting the 2400 years old Kanheri caves sculpted out of the rocky cliffs which lie within the park. The park is a bustling forest, with an estimated 800 types of mauve. This flower is native to the park and the surrounding regions, including Karnala, the Yeoor hills, Tungareshwar and some parts of Goregaon’s Film City. The park is also home to a small population of leopards. The park is home to a number of endangered species of flora and fauna. The forest area of the Park houses over 1000 plant species, 251 species of migratory, land and water birds, 50,000 species of insects, 40 species of mammals.
In addition, the Park also provides shelter to 38 species of reptiles, 9 species of amphibians and also 150 species of butterflies and a large variety of fish.  The Park is a tree lovers delight in all seasons. The forest cover in the park can be divided into two main categories i. e. South Indian moist deciduous and Semi Evergreen. The region has good biodiversity and major trees and plants include kadamba, teak, karanj, shisam, and species of acacia, ziziphus, euphorbia, flame of the forest, red silk cotton and many more varieties of flowers.
Almost the entire park is awashed with the rainbow hues of the flowers that bloom here, during the monsoon season. The park is known to shelter wildlife right from the time of modernization of the Mumbai city. One can have encounters with several of the species which include spotted deer, black naped hare, barking deer, porcupine, palm civet, mouse deer, rhesus macaque, bounet macaque, Hanuman langur, Indian flying fox, and sambhar,leopards etc. The Sanjay Gandhi National Park is mainly known for its diverse types of birds. It is a paradise for the bird watchers. The birdwatchers will find Sanjay Gandhi National Park just like a heaven.
As per the wildlife experts, there are over 251 species of birds inhabiting the national park, comprising of both water birds and land birds. One can also see migratory birds frequenting the park. The park has faced a number of problems similar to those faced by national parks elsewhere in the world, involving conflicts between natural and human interests. Sanjay Gandhi national park has played home to many poachers in the recent years. Usually, leopards are attacked. In many cases these animals had been poisoned, and claws or other valuable body parts were cut off and sold.
Poaching could soon wipe out Mumbai’s leopard population. Sanjay Gandhi National Park is said to be one of the most visited National Parks in Asia. According to estimates, around 2 million visitors visit this park annually. One can enjoy both lion and tiger safari at the Sanjay Gandhi National Park. Lion safari is the main attraction of the park which has been drawing people to the park right through the park’s early days. Tiger safari is recently introduced in the park. The lion safari is done on a 12-hectare area, while tiger safari on 20 hectares.
There are special buses provided by the park authorities for lion safari. The tigers have a special cage/shelter for having their meals and sleeping at night. Two watch towers have been provided for the safety of the tourists. Both the lion safari and tiger safari offer a opportunity to the visitors to see and understand the two majestic animals. The Kanheri Caves are a protected archaeological site at 19°12? 30? N 72°54? 23? E. The caves were sculpted by Buddhist residents starting in the 1st century BCE. The area was actually a settlement and once served as inns for travellers.